Our Lady of Ljeviš, Mother of God
Богородица Љевишка (Serbian)
Bogorodica Ljeviška  (Serbian)
Kisha e Shën Premtës  (Albanian)
Bogorodica Ljeviska1.jpg
Overview of the church, 1980
Coordinates: 42°12′41″N 20°44′09″E / 42.21139°N 20.73583°E / 42.21139; 20.73583
LocationPrizren, Kosovo[a]
DenominationSerbian Orthodox
History
StatusChurch
Mosque (formerly)
Founded1306–1307
Founder(s)Stephen Uroš II Milutin of Serbia
DedicationTheotokos
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationMonument of Culture of Exceptional Importance
Designated1990
StyleSerbo-Byzantine style
Specifications
MaterialsStone
Administration
DioceseEparchy of Raška and Prizren
Part ofMedieval Monuments in Kosovo
CriteriaCultural: ii, iii, iv
Reference724-003bis
Inscription2006 (30th session)
Endangered2006-
TypeMonument of Culture of Exceptional Importance
Designated1947
Reference no.СК 1369[1]

Our Lady of Ljeviš (Serbian: Богородица Љевишка / Bogorodica Ljeviška, Albanian: Kisha e Shën Premtës) is a 14th-century Serbian Orthodox church in the town of Prizren, located in southern Kosovo. It was converted to a mosque during the Ottoman Empire and then back into a church in the early 20th century.

History

The construction of the church was commissioned in 1306–09 by Serbian King Stefan Milutin.[2] It was built on the site of the ruins of an earlier Byzantine church, whose original name Metera Eleousa was preserved in Slavic as Bogorodica Ljeviška.[citation needed]

In 1990 Serbia designated it a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance, and on 13 July 2006, it was placed on UNESCO's World Heritage List as an extension of the Visoki Dečani site (named Medieval Monuments in Kosovo), which, as a whole, was placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Church was guarded by KFOR after June 1999. However, it was heavily damaged by arson during the 2004 unrest in Kosovo. Around 155 Serbian Orthodox churches and monasteries have been destroyed or damaged by Kosovo Albanians between June 1999 and March 2004 (cf. Destruction of Serbian heritage in Kosovo), usually by arson, including medieval holy sites.[3][4]

A group of experts sponsored by Serbia has visited the church on several occasions to assess the damage, but no concrete steps have been taken. The church is subject to constant looting -- even construction material, specifically lead, have repeatedly been stolen from the roof.[5]

Gallery

See also

  • Kosovo: A Moment in Civilization

Further reading

  • Felix Corley and Branko Bjelajac (18 March 2004). "Kosovo and Serbia: Churches & Mosques Destroyed Amid Inter-Ethnic Violence". Forum 18.

Notes

^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References

  1. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: ЦРКВА БОГОРОДИЦЕ ЉЕВИШКЕ (SANU) (in Serbian and English)
  2. ^ Curcic, Slobodan (2005). Judson J. Emerick (ed.). "Renewed from the Very Foundations": The Question of the Genesis of the Bogorodica Ljeviska in Prizren. Archaeology in architecture: studies in honor of Cecil L. Striker. von Zabern. p. 23. ISBN 9783805334921. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  3. ^ "Prizren, OUR LADY OF LJEVIS (XIV century) - burnt inside (PHOTO: 22.3.2004) - Serbian Orthodox Church [Official web site]".
  4. ^ "Eighth anniversary of violence against KiM Serbs/OrthoChristian.Com". pravoslavie.ru. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  5. ^ "Church roof stolen in Prizren, Bishop Protests". OCP Media Network. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2015.

Further reading

  • Ferrari, Silvio; Benzo, Andrea (2014). Between Cultural Diversity and Common Heritage: Legal and Religious Perspectives on the Sacred Places of the Mediterranean. London & New York: Routledge.
  • Todić, Branislav (1999). Serbian Medieval Painting: The Age of King Milutin. Belgrade: Draganić.

External links

  • Pictures and history of cathedral
  • Frescoes