Dhaka – capital city and the political, economic and cultural heart of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the most populous city in Bangladesh and the tenth-largest city in the world, with a population of over 15 million inhabitants.
Chittagong – second most populous city and main seaport of Bangladesh. It is a major commercial, financial and industrial hub. Located on the Karnaphuli River, it is the administrative seat of Chittagong District and Chittagong Division (the largest division of Bangladesh). The metropolitan area has a population of 4 million residents.
Khulna – third-largest city in Bangladesh, with a population of more than 1.4 million people. Khulna is also the third largest economic centre in Bangladesh. The major sectors are jute, chemicals, fish and seafood packaging, food processing, sugar mills, power generation and shipbuilding.
Rajshahi – Rajshahi is a prominent commercial hub and industrial centre of North Bengal. For its venerable silk industry, it is nicknamed "Silk City". It has a population of more than 800,000.
Barisal – city in southern Bangladesh, rice and other crops producing centre of Bangladesh. Fish is also plentiful because Barisal stands on the Kirtankhola River and is surrounded by it. A Bengali saying states, Dhan, nadi, khal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are the three things that make Barisal". It is a fast growing city, with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, university, medical college, engineering college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, and textile industries. The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".
Sylhet – city with a population of over 500,000 people that lies on the banks of Surma River in north-east Bangladesh. It is surrounded by tea estates, sub-tropical hills, rain forests and river valleys; the region is one of the leading tourist destinations in the country.
Comilla – city in eastern Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway, 97 kilometres from the capital city, Dhaka, which can also be reached by railway. Comilla is second-largest city of eastern Bangladesh after Chittagong and is one of the three oldest cities in Bangladesh.
Rangpur City – 5th-largest city in Bangladesh, located in its north western part. Agricultural products such as rice, jute (called the golden fibre of Bangladesh), wheat, tobacco, and potato are the major driving power of the economy here.
Narayanganj – city in central Bangladesh, located in the Narayanganj District, near the capital city of Dhaka. The city is on the bank of the Shitalakshya River and has a population of 220,000. The river port of Narayanganj is one of the oldest in Bangladesh. It is also a centre of business and industry, especially the jute trade and processing plants, and of the textile sector of the country.
Gazipur City – city in central Bangladesh with a population of over 1.1 million.
History of Bengal – geographical and ethno-linguistic region in South Asia. was politically divided in the 1947 Partition of Bengal based on religion: predominantly Hindu West Bengal became a province (now a state) of India, and predominantly Muslim East Bengal (now Bangladesh) became a province of Pakistan.