Outline of Mars


The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mars:

Mars – fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury. Named after the Roman god of war, it is often referred to as the "Red Planet"[1][2] because the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of the Moon and the valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps of Earth.

Classification of Mars

Location of Mars

Features of Mars

Surface of Mars

Martian surface

Landforms on Mars

Natural satellites of Mars

Moons of Mars

History of Mars

Exploration of Mars

Exploration of Mars

Flyby and direct missions to explore Mars

Missions to Mars

Proposed missions to explore Mars

Mars in popular culture

See also


  1. ^ Zubrin, Robert; Wagner, Richard (1997). The Case for Mars: The Plan to Settle the Red Planet and Why We Must. New York: Touchstone. ISBN 978-0-684-83550-1. OCLC 489144963.
  2. ^ Rees, Martin J., ed. (October 2012). Universe: The Definitive Visual Guide. New York: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 160–161. ISBN 978-0-7566-9841-6.

External links

  • Mars at Curlie
  • Mars Exploration Program at NASA.gov
  • Google Mars and Google Mars 3D, interactive maps of the planet
  • Geody Mars, mapping site that supports NASA World Wind, Celestia, and other applications


  • Mars images by NASA's Planetary Photojournal
  • Mars images by NASA's Mars Exploration Program
  • Mars images by Malin Space Science Systems
  • HiRISE image catalog by the University of Arizona


  • Rotating color globe of Mars by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • Rotating geological globe of Mars by the United States Geological Survey
  • NASA's Curiosity Finds Ancient Streambed – First Evidence of Water on Mars on YouTube by The Science Channel (2012, 4:31)
  • Flight Into Mariner Valley by Arizona State University

Cartographic resources

  • Mars nomenclature and quadrangle maps with feature names by the United States Geological Survey
  • Geological map of Mars by the United States Geological Survey
  • Viking orbiter photomap by Eötvös Loránd University
  • Mars Global Surveyor topographical map by Eötvös Loránd University