Pavle "Paja" Jovanović
|Died||November 30, 1957 (aged 98)|
|Education||Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna|
|Čas Mačevanja (Fencing) (1884)|
Seoba Srba (Migration of the Serbs) (1896)
Krunisanje cara Dušana (Crowning of Stefan Dušan) (1900)
Pavle "Paja" Jovanović (Serbian Cyrillic: Павле "Паја" Јовановић; IPA: [pâʋlɛ pǎːja jɔʋǎːnɔʋit͡ɕ]; 16 June 1859 – 30 November 1957) was a Serbian painter who painted more than 1,100 works including: The Wounded Montenegrin (1882), Decorating of the Bride (1886) and Migration of the Serbs (1896). Paja was also the premier portraitist of Europe after 1905, he painted the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria over 14 times, he painted royalty, major industrialists, scientists, bankers, oil barons and monopolists, including certain heirs to the Standard Oil fortune in the United States of America. He was a very sought after portraitist world-wide, this made him incredibly wealthy in his lifetime. Many European and international museums carry his works, signed under various names including: Paul Joanowitch in the National Gallery of Victoria and also two portraits in the Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Paul Joanowits, Paul Ivanovitch, Paul Joanovitch, Paul Joanovitsch, P. Joanowitsch and others.
Paja Jovanović was born in Vršac, Austrian Empire (modern-day Serbia). His father was photographer Stevan Jovanović and his mother was Ernestina née Deot, of French descent. He spent his childhood and early youth in this home town, where he saw the iconostasis of Pavel Đurković and Arsenije Teodorović in the town churches, which would influence his future works. Jovanović's mother died at a young age and his father went on to remarry. He received his first art lectures and knowledge from his teacher Vodecki. His father took him to Vienna in 1875 when he was 15, where he enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts in 1877 in the class of professor Christian Griepenkerl. He finished the Academy in 1880, attending several important courses taught by Leopold Carl Müller, known as an "orientalist". There is no doubt that Miller's crucial lessons determined his painting preference. Noting the increased interest of Europe to the events in the Balkans, he traveled during the holidays to Albania, Montenegro, Dalmatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia gathering sketches and studies of the life of the Balkan peoples. Precisely these themes brought Paja Jovanović worldwide fame and popularity. In the following period, having noticed greater interest of Europe for the Balkans, he painted mostly scenes from the life of the Serbs, Montenegrins, Herzogivinans, Aromanians and Albanians, which brought him great reputation. Encouraged to visit the Balkan region during his hiatus, he studied the customs and folklore of the people, and in 1882 he was awarded the prize of the Academy and was given the Imperial scholarship for the composition The Wounded Montenegrin.
The public and many art critics directed their attention to the young painter, and in 1883 he signed a contract with the "French" gallery in London. He continued his travelling through Caucasus, Morocco, Egypt, Greece, Turkey, Italy, and Spain. A great number of sketches, notes, and studies, along with the collected objects from the life of the common people, will find their place in his famous genre-compositions, such as: Fencing, Decorating of the Bride, and Cockfighting. Some of Jovanović's most remarkable praises were gathered at two of his greatest exhibitions: Millennium exhibition in Budapest in 1896, where he prepared Migration of the Serbs for entry, but the Vršac triptych was sent instead, and the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900, for which he had painted a great historical composition The Proclamation of Dušan's Law Codex.
As of 1888 he was proclaimed a member of the Serbian Royal Academy. He was tasked with painting monumental, historical compositions. After 1905 he devoted himself exclusively to painting the portraits in the style of academic realism for the rich clientele, and he became very famous thanks to them. Some of the most famous include those of Painter Simington, Mihajlo Pupin, Đorđe Jovanović, and others. He painted the portraits of his longtime model and wife, Muni with special care.
He painted the iconostasis in the church of St Nicholas in Dolovo and Orthodox cathedral in Novi Sad, which was painted without commission. He spent most of his time in his atelier in Vienna, where he settled, and occasionally travelled to Belgrade. In 1940 he was made honorary citizen of Vršac, and in 1949 he was given the Order zasluga za narod (Merit for People) of the first category. He lived quietly and lonely, after his wife's early death, in Vienna until his own death in 1957. According to his will, the urn with his ashes was to be moved to Belgrade and where “The Legacy of Paja Jovanović” was opened in 1970, as well in Vršac. Later, in the building of the Old Pharmacy on the Stairs, in 1977 the permanent commemorative exhibition of Paja Jovanović was opened. The works of Paja Jovanović have been kept in the Town Museum of Vršac, along with his well-know painting Vršac triptych. Most of his works and personal belongings can be found in the Belgrade City Museum.
The Wounded Montenegrin (1882)
Vršac triptych (1895), Vršac City Museum
Migration of the Serbs (1896), Pančevo Museum.
- Paja Jovanović. Muzej Grada, Beograda. 1970.
- Dejan Medaković (1957). Paja Jovanović. Prosveta izdavačko preduzeće Srbije.
- עליכם, שלום (1961). Pavle-Paja Jovanović.
- A Survey of Serbian art by Ljubica D. Popovich
- "Catalog of Pavle Paja Jovanovic Artworks | Народни музеј". Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- Лијескић, Б. "У потрази за портретом Рудолфа Валентина". Politika Online. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
- Marić Stojanović, Milica; Ridolfi, Stefano (2008). PAJA JOVANOVIC A PAINTER FROM SERBIA: A DATA BASE OF PIGMENTS. 9th International Conference on NDT of Art.
- "Gradski Muzej Vršac". www.muzejvrsac.org.rs. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- "Paja Jovanović, slikar srpske istorije". ΜΕΔΙΑΣ - In Medias Res (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- "Ceo život igra". www.novosti.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- PATriot (8 November 2016). "Paja Jovanović – slikar srpske istorije". Patriot (in Serbian). Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- "ОРИЈЕНТАЛИЗАМ". Galerija Matice srpske.
- "Lekcije iz antike". www.novosti.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- "Sreća u Londonu". www.novosti.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- Popović, Radovan (2014). "The analysis of formal compositional characteristics of orientalist paintings by Paja Jovanović". Zbornik Radova Akademije Umetnosti (2): 27–44. doi:10.5937/ZbAkUm1402027P. ISSN 2334-8666.
- "Paja Jovanović - Biografija". ART mozaik (in Bosnian). 16 June 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- "Jovanovic Pavle Paja". www.sanu.ac.rs. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- "Paja Jovanovic slikar, galerija slika Beli Andjeo Art Exclusive". Galerija prodaja slika Beli Andjeo Beograd GLAVNI SAJT slike slikar cena (in Serbian). Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- "Srpska pravoslavna crkva sv. Georgija – Saborna crkva". I love Novi Sad (in Serbian). 28 February 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- Milovanović, Jovana. ""Вршачки триптихон" Паје Јовановића на Миленијумској изложби 1896. године: репрезентација локалног идентитета и (не)присутна идеологија / "Vršac Triptych by Paja Jovanović at the Millennium Exhibition of 1896: Representation of the Local Identity and the (not) Present Ideology". Саопштења.
- "U Muzeju Paje Jovanovića stalna izložbena postavka". Grad Beograd - Zvanična internet prezentacija | U Muzeju Paje Jovanovića stalna izložbena postavka (in Serbian). Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- "COBISS/OPAC". www.vbs.rs. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
- "Atelje Paje Jovanovića pred Vranjancima". VRANJENEWS (in Serbian). 26 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- "ОШ "Паја Јовановић" – Добро дошли на наш сајт". Retrieved 26 September 2019.
- Museum of Paja Jovanovic, Belgrade City Museum.
- The Legacy of Paja Jovanović, Belgrade City Museum.
- In Remembrance of Paja Jovanović, Town Museum of Vrsac.
- Decorating of the Bride (1885) by Paja Jovanovic, National Museum Belgrade.
- Rooster Fight (1897) by Paja Jovanovic, National Museum Belgrade.
- Greek Soldiers with a Woman Traitor by Paja Jovanovic, BBC arts.
- Greek Ballad by Paja Jovanovic