Panwar dynasty


Panwar is an caste of Hindu Rajputs from Garhwal and Kumaon divisions in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.[1]

Language(s)Hindi, Kumaoni, Garhwali
Word/nameSouth Asia
Other names
Variant form(s)Pawar
See alsoRawat, Negi, Rautela, Parmar, Bisht, Bhandari, Rana

The Panwar dynasty ruled the Garhwal Kingdom and the Kumaon Kingdom (present day Uttarakhand).[2] The dynasty independently ruled Garhwal from the ninth to nineteenth century[3] until the Kingdom of Nepal attacked the Kumaon Kingdom in 1791 and Garhwal in 1804. With the help of the British troops, Garhwal and Kumaon gained independence from Nepal. Unable to pay the military cost of British-ruled India, the then-Garhwali king gave part of his territory to the Raj and ruled until 1949. The last king of Garhwal, Manabendra Shah, decided to join India after it became independent.[4] Garhwal and Kumaon became part of India as the then-state of Uttar Pradesh, which is now Uttarakhand.[5][6] Pt. Harikrishna Raturi king Bhanu Pratap was the first ruler of Panwar dynasty in Garhwal who founded Chanpur-Garhi as his capital. This was is strongest Garh for the fifty-two Garhs of Garhwal.[7][8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hāṇḍā, Omacanda (2002). History of Uttaranchal. Indus Publishing. ISBN 978-81-7387-134-4.
  2. ^ उत्तराखंड का इतिहास ई-बुक पीडीएफ [History of Uttarakhand E-Book in Hindi] (in Hindi). Testbook. 22 July 2021.
  3. ^ Bisht, Deepak (25 June 2021). "उत्तराखंड के पंवार वंश का इतिहास" [History of Panwar Dynasty of Uttarakhand]. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  4. ^ Kafaltia, Himanshu Kafaltia, Gunjan Sharma (18 September 2019). A Comprehensive Study of Uttarakhand. Notion Press. ISBN 978-1-64650-605-7.
  5. ^ "उत्तराखंड में पंवार वंश का इतिहास" [Panwar Dynasty]. TheExamPillar. 12 November 2018. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Brief History of Uttarakhand - Amazing History of Kumaon and Garhwal". Namaste India Trip. 2 September 2019. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Panwar History".
  8. ^ Ramola, Ajay (14 February 2016). "Pivot of state's history—Tehri Garhwal". The Tribune. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
This page lists people with the surname Panwar.
If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.

External linksEdit