Parag Agrawal


Parag Agrawal (born 21 May 1984)[1] is an Indian-American software engineer who is the chief executive officer (CEO) of Twitter, Inc..[2]

Parag Agrawal
Parag Agrawal in 2005.jpg
Agrawal in 2005
Born (1984-05-21) 21 May 1984 (age 38)
EducationIndian Institute of Technology, Bombay (BTech)
Stanford University (MS, PhD)
TitleCEO of Twitter, Inc.
PredecessorJack Dorsey
Spouse(s)Vineeta Agarwal

Early life and education

Agrawal was born in Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.[3][4] His father was a senior official in the Indian Department of Atomic Energy and his mother is a retired Economics professor from Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute in Mumbai.[5]

In 2001, he completed secondary and senior secondary studies at Atomic Energy Central School and Junior College No.4.[6]

In 2005, Agrawal obtained his Bachelor of Technology degree in computer science and engineering from IIT Bombay.[7] That year, he moved to the United States to pursue a PhD in computer science from Stanford University under the guidance of Jennifer Widom.[8][9][10] His Stanford doctoral thesis, published in 2012, is titled "Incorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration".[11][12]


Agrawal held research internships at Microsoft Research and Yahoo! Research prior to joining Twitter as a software engineer in 2011.[13] In October 2017, Twitter announced the appointment of Agrawal as chief technology officer following the departure of Adam Massinger.[14] In December 2019, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that Agrawal would be in charge of Project Bluesky, an initiative to develop a decentralized social network protocol.[15] In November 2021, Dorsey announced that he was resigning as CEO of Twitter and that Agrawal was replacing him immediately.[16][17] As CEO, Agrawal was awarded annual compensation of $1 million as well as stock compensation worth $12.5 million.[8]

Views and policies

In an interview with MIT Technology Review in November 2020, when asked about freedom of speech, Agrawal said: "Our role is not to be bound by the First Amendment, but our role is to serve a healthy public conversation ... [and to] focus less on thinking about free speech, but thinking about how the times have changed."[18]

Personal life

Agrawal is married to Vineeta Agarwala,[8][19] general partner at the venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz.[20] They have two children, born in 2018 and 2022 respectively. He took paternity leave as the CEO of Twitter for the birth of his second child.[21]


  1. ^ "Parag Agrawal: Ajmer Celebrates a Son 'More Powerful than PMs, Presidents'". The Times of India. 30 November 2021.
  2. ^ "India-born Parag Agrawal replaces Jack Dorsey as Twitter CEO". The Economic Times. 30 November 2021.
  3. ^ "अजमेर के रहने वाले हैं ट्विटर के नए CEO:किराए पर रहता था परिवार, 4 दिसंबर को घर आएंगे पराग के मम्मी-पापा" [The new CEO of Twitter is from Ajmer:The family used to live on rent, Parag's parents will come home on December 4]. Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). 30 November 2021.
  4. ^ Isaac, Mike; Conger, Kate; Met, Cade (29 November 2021). "Who Is Parag Agrawal, Twitter's New C.E.O.?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  5. ^ "THIS is why Twitter's new CEO Parag Agrawal kept his son's name Ansh". MSN. 12 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal's teachers call him 'typical topper' with special calibre". The Indian Express. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  7. ^ "Bright Student, Well Organized: How Teachers Remember IIT Bombay Alumnus, Twitter CEO Parag Agarwal". News18. 30 November 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Parag Agrawal becomes Twitter CEO: Who is Parag Agrawal? Here is a brief profile of this IITian in 5 points". India Today. 29 November 2021.
  9. ^ Rajghatta, Chidanand (30 November 2021). "IIT-Bombay alumnus Parag Agrawal is Twitter CEO after Dorsey exit". The Times of India.
  10. ^ Chhapia, Hemali; Doval, Pankaj (30 November 2021). "When Parag Agrawal regretted wasting time tying IIT-JEE supplements". The Times of India.
  11. ^ Agrawal, Parag (2012). "Incorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration". Stanford University.
  12. ^ Spangler, Todd (29 November 2021). "Who Is Parag Agrawal? A Look at Twitter's New CEO". Variety.
  13. ^ Novet, Jordan (9 March 2018). "Twitter taps distinguished engineer Parag Agrawal as new CTO". CNBC.
  14. ^ "Things To Know About New Twitter CEO, Parag Agrawal, From IIT Bombay". News18. 30 November 2021.
  15. ^ Mathews, Eva (30 November 2021). "Who is Parag Agrawal, Twitter's new CEO?". The Times of India. Reuters.
  16. ^ Molina, Brett (29 November 2021). "Jack Dorsey steps down as Twitter CEO, Parag Agrawal named as successor, sends stock surging". USA Today.
  17. ^ Feiner, Lauren; Bursztynsky, Jessica (29 November 2021). "Twitter CTO Parag Agrawal will replace Jack Dorsey as CEO". CNBC.
  18. ^ "EmTech Stage: Twitter's CTO on misinformation". MIT Technology Review. 18 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Vineeta Agarwala (@vintweeta) / Twitter".
  20. ^ Akhtar, Allana (29 November 2021). "Meet Twitter's new CEO: a 37-year-old machine learning and AI expert". Business Insider.
  21. ^ "Parag Agrawal has a Twitter-pro family: 3-yr-old son's reading habits, adventure-loving wife's tales on his feed". The Times of India. 30 November 2021.

External links