Parel

Paraḷ
Neighbourhood
Parel is located in Mumbai
Parel
Parel
Coordinates: 18°59′N 72°50′E / 18.99°N 72.84°E / 18.99; 72.84Coordinates: 18°59′N 72°50′E / 18.99°N 72.84°E / 18.99; 72.84
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
MetroMumbai
Demonym(s)Parelkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
400012[1]
Area code(s)022
Civic agencyBMC
Lok Sabha constituencyMumbai South
Vidhan Sabha constituencyWorli
Shivadi

Parel [2] (Marathi: परळ) or (ISO: Paraḷ) a neighbourhood of Mumbai.

It was a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Maharashtra from 1962[3] to 2004[4]. It was constituted into Shivadi constituency by the Delimitation of Parliament and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008.[5]

It is a district in Girangaon, which was the focus of the Great Bombay textile strike of 1982.[6]

Parel used to have a number of mills, but these have been replaced by new office developments.[7]

The Four Seasons, Mumbai

History

Originally, Parel was a separate island. As such, an inscription dated 26 January 1187 (Paurnima of Magha, Saka 1108) is found there recording of a grant made by Shilahara king Aparaditya II out of the proceeds of an orchard in a village named Mahavali (close to Kurla) for a Vaidyanatha temple.[8]

In 1771 William Hornby, the Governor of Bombay, moved into the former friary, which became known as Government House, and a number of mills were subsequently established nearby.[9] In 1883, the Governor's wife died of cholera in the house and two years later, the Governor's Mansion was moved to Malabar Point. During the plague epidemics of the 1890s, the old Government House was leased to the newly founded Haffkine Institute.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Pin code : Parel, Mumbai". pincode.org.in. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  2. ^ D'Cunha, Jose Gerson (1900). "IV The Portuguese Period". The Origins of Bombay (3 ed.). Bombay: Asian Educational Services. p. 265. ISBN 81-206-0815-1. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
  3. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1962 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTRA" (PDF).[dead link]
  4. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 2004 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTRA" (PDF).
  5. ^ "DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES ORDER, 2008" (PDF).[dead link]
  6. ^ Death of an Industrial City: Testimonies of Life Around Bombay Textile Strike of 1982 Indian Labour Archives Archived 6 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Kailash Babar (9 May 2012). "Mumbai's Lower Parel: One of the most coveted piece of real estate in the country's financial capital hard to sell". The Economic Times. The Times Group. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  8. ^ Corpus Inscriptions Indicarum, Vol. 6, p. 161-162. https://archive.org/stream/corpusinscriptio014678mbp#page/n391/mode/2up
  9. ^ "Government House, Parell [Parel, Bombay]". British Library. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  10. ^ Hanhart, Joël (2016). Waldemar Mordekhaï Haffkine (1860-1930). Biographie intellectuelle. Paris: Éditions Honoré Champion.