Paterson is known as the "Silk City" for its dominant role in silk production during the latter half of the 19th century. It has since evolved into a major destination for Hispanic immigrants as well as for immigrants from Turkey, the Arab world, and South Asia. Paterson has the second-largest Muslim population in the United States by percentage, and between 75 and 100 languages are spoken in Paterson, many of them Arabic dialects.
Architect, engineer, and city planner Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant (1754–1825), who had earlier developed the initial plans for Washington, D.C., was the first planner for the S.U.M. project. His plan proposed to harness the power of the Great Falls through a channel in the rock and an aqueduct. The society's directors felt he was taking too long and was over budget, and he was replaced by Peter Colt, who used a less complicated reservoir system to get the water flowing to factories in 1794. Eventually, Colt's system developed some problems and a scheme resembling L'Enfant's original plan was used after 1846.
Paterson was originally formed as a township from portions of Acquackanonk Township on April 11, 1831, while the area was still part of Essex County. It became part of the newly created Passaic County on February 7, 1837, and was incorporated as a city on April 14, 1851, based on the results of a referendum held that day. The city was reincorporated on March 14, 1861.
A view of Paterson c. 1880
Part of the central business district of Paterson, at the intersection of Market and Main streets, 1911
The 77-foot-high Great Falls and a system of water raceways that harnessed the falls' power provided power for the mills in the area until 1914 and fostered growth of the city. The district originally included dozens of mill buildings and other manufacturing structures associated with the textile industry and, later, the firearms, silk, and railroad locomotive manufacturing industries. In the latter half of the 19th century, silk production became the dominant industry and formed the basis of Paterson's most prosperous period, earning it the nickname "Silk City."
Behind Newark and New York, the brewing industry was booming in Paterson in the late 1800s. Braun Brewery, Sprattler & Mennell, Graham Brewery, The Katz Brothers, and Burton Brewery merged in 1890 to form Paterson Consolidated Brewing Company. Hinchliffe Brewing and Malting Company, founded in 1861, produced 75,000 barrels a year from its state-of-the-art facility at 63 Governor Street. All the breweries closed during Prohibition.
The city was a mecca for immigrant laborers, who worked in its factories, particularly Italian weavers from the Naples region. Paterson was the site of historic labor unrest that focused on anti-child labor legislation, and the six-month-long Paterson silk strike of 1913 that demanded the eight-hour day and better working conditions. It was defeated by the employers, with workers forced to return under pre-strike conditions. Factory workers labored long hours for low wages under dangerous conditions and lived in crowded tenement buildings around the mills. The factories then moved to the South, where there were no labor unions, and still later moved overseas.
In 1919, Paterson was one of eight locations bombed by self-identified anarchists.
A Hooverville for the unemployed on the outskirts of Paterson, 1937
During World War II Paterson played an important part in the aircraft engine industry, but by the end of the war urban areas were in decline and Paterson was no exception. Since the late 1960s the city has suffered high unemployment rates and white flight.
Competition from malls in upscale neighboring towns like Wayne and Paramus have forced the big chain stores out of Paterson's downtown. The biggest industries are now small businesses, with the decline of the city's industrial base. But the city still attracts many immigrants, who have revived its economy, especially through small businesses.
The downtown area has been struck by massive fires several times, most recently on January 17, 1991. In this fire nearly a whole city block (bordered on the north and south by Main Street and Washington Street and on the east and west by Ellison Street and College Boulevard, a stretch of Van Houten Street dominated by Passaic County Community College) was engulfed in flames due to an electrical fire in the basement of a bar at 161 Main Street and spread to other buildings. Firefighter John A. Nicosia, 28, of Engine 4 went missing in the fire, having gotten lost in the basement. His body was recovered two days later. A plaque honoring his memory was later placed on a wall near the area. The area was so badly damaged that most of the burned buildings were demolished, with an outdoor mall standing in their place. The most notable of the destroyed buildings was the Meyer Brothers department store, which closed in 1987 and had since been parceled out.
In August 2011, Paterson was severely affected in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene, particularly by flooding of the Passaic River, where waters rose to levels unseen for 100 years, leading to the displacement of thousands and the closure of bridges over the river. Touring the area with Federal Emergency Management Agency Administrator Craig Fugate, U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano declared, "This is as bad as I've seen, and I've been in eight states that have been impacted by Irene." The same day, President Obama declared New Jersey a disaster area, and announced that he would visit the city.
Road map of Passaic County, with Paterson, showing rivers and lakes around towns
Paterson is at the bottom part of Passaic County, which is near the north edge of New Jersey, as a county that spans some hilly areas and has dozens of lakes. The county covers a region about 30 × 20 miles wide (48 × 32 km). The region is split by major roads, including portions of Interstate 80, which runs through Paterson (see map at left). The Garden State Parkway (GSP) cuts across the south of Paterson, near Clifton, New Jersey. The Passaic River winds northeast past Totowa into Paterson, where the river then turns south to Passaic town, on the way to Newark, further south.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 8.71 square miles (22.55 km2), including 8.41 square miles (21.79 km2) of land and 0.29 square miles (0.76 km2) of water (3.38%).
Paterson's skyline, showing the canyon of the Passaic River in the foreground. The area along the river was formerly the site of most of the mills that flourished throughout Paterson's history.
The Great Falls Historic District is the most famous neighborhood in Paterson because of the landmark Great Falls of the Passaic River. The city has attempted to revitalize the area in recent years, including the installation of period lamp posts and the conversion of old industrial buildings into apartments and retail venues. Many artists live in this section of Paterson. A major redevelopment project is planned for this district in the coming years. The Paterson Museum of Industrial History at Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works is situated in the Historic District.
Downtown Paterson is the main commercial district of the city and was once a shopping destination for many who lived in northern New Jersey. After a devastating fire in 1902, the city rebuilt the downtown with massive Beaux-Arts-style buildings, many of which remain to this day. These buildings are usually four to seven stories tall. Downtown Paterson is home to Paterson City Hall and the Passaic County Courthouse Annex, two of the city's architectural landmarks. City Hall was designed by the New York firm Carrere and Hastings in 1894, and was modeled after the Hôtel de Ville (city hall) in Lyon, France, capital of the silk industry in Europe.
The former Orpheum Theatre located on Van Houten Street has been converted to a mosque by the Islamic Foundation of New Jersey. The massive structure, now known as Masjid Jalalabad, can accommodate 1,500 worshipers.
As with many other old downtown districts in the United States, Downtown Paterson suffered as shoppers and retailers moved to the suburban shopping malls of the region. Many historic buildings are in disrepair or are abandoned after years of neglect. In addition, Downtown Paterson is an Urban Enterprise Zone. The city has, in recent years, begun initiatives in hopes of reviving the downtown area with the centerpiece being the Center City Mall, constructed on a large parking lot spanning Ward Street from Main to Church Streets and features retail, entertainment, and commercial space. Downtown Paterson is located in the city's 1st Ward.
Eastside Park Historic District consists of about 1,000 homes in a variety of architectural styles, including Tudors, Georgian colonials, Victorians, Italianate villas and Dutch colonials. It is located east of downtown. Once the home of the city's industrial and political leaders, the neighborhood experienced a significant downturn as industry fled Paterson. In recent years, gentrification has begun to occur in the neighborhood and some of the area's historic houses have been restored.
The Eastside Park Historic District is a state and nationally registered historic place. The jewel of the neighborhood is Eastside Park and the mansions that surround it. This section of Paterson once had a large Jewish population that reached 40,000 at its peak; a synagogue still remains. Eastside Park and what is commonly known as the Upper Eastside are located in Paterson's 3rd Ward.
East River Section is a section that is referred to by locals roughly bordering Riverside at 5th Avenue and extending south to Broadway, sandwiched in by Madison Avenue to McClean Boulevard (Route 20). However, the neighborhood's layout unofficially extends to the "Paterson-Newark/Hudson Route" of River Road in the Paterson-Memorial Park section of Fair Lawn whose house addresses are in alignment with the now-defunct Jewish synagogue on the corner of 33rd Street and Broadway, which connects Paterson to Newark/Hudson, and at one time was the main route through River Drive, which starts in Elmwood Park and rides north to south along the East Bank of the Passaic River in Paterson's original county.
Built when Paterson was still Bergen County, River Drive changes to River Road in the greater Eastside Sections of Upper Eastside-Manor Section, East River, and Riverside Sections, and turns into Wagaraw Road north of 1st Avenue / Maple Avenue in the old Bunker Hill extension of Columbia Heights in Fair Lawn an indication of not only entering the Industrial Section but also entering the foothills of the Ramapo Mountains in Hawthorne.
River Drive then turns into East Main Street to indicate that you have entered the Northside Section. The East River neighborhood which was and still maintains its "blue-collar" working-class identity, was at one time known for its large Jewish community, as well as a Neapolitan/Italian population and more recently other Mediterranean and Adriatic Europeans, Caribbean and South Americans, and other modern immigrant groups from all over the world, as well as African-Americans.
Manor Section is a residential neighborhood in Paterson. It is located east of East 33rd Street, north of Broadway, and south-west of Route 20 and the Passaic River. The Manor section of Paterson is located in the city's 3rd Ward. The layout and culture of the Manor Section also extends into the neighboring Lyncrest and Rivercrest sections of Fair Lawn, with all the addresses aligning themselves to the now-defunct Jewish Temple, located at the corner of 33rd and Broadway.
South Paterson, also known as Little Istanbul or Little Ramallah, is a diverse neighborhood with a growing number of immigrants from the Middle East, with significant Turkish and Arab communities. The neighborhood is located in the 6th Ward, east of Main Street and west of West Railway Avenue. A majority of the city's Arabs live in this section of Paterson. Many of the retail shops and restaurants cater to this community. The neighborhood is characterized by Halal meat markets which offer goat and lamb, and shop signs are in Arabic. South Paterson's Arab community is mostly made up of Jordanians, Palestinians,Syrians, and Lebanese.
Lakeview is situated in the southern part of the city, and is a middle class neighborhood. Interstate 80 runs north of this district. Lakeview is home to the Paterson Farmers Market, where many people from across North Jersey come to buy fresh produce. The neighborhood is roughly 65% Hispanic, although this neighborhood also has sizable European, Middle-Eastern, African-American, and Asian populations, including a significant Filipino presence. Lakeview also shares some of the same characteristics as neighboring Clifton as they both share a neighborhood bearing the same name. The Lakeview section of Paterson is located in the city's 6th Ward.
Hillcrest is a largely residential, middle classenclave, to the west of the downtown area. Its borders' limits are Preakness Avenue to the east, Cumberland Avenue to the west, and Totowa Avenue along with West Side Park and the Passaic River to the south. Hillcrest is one of Paterson's most desirable neighborhoods. The Hillcrest section of Paterson is located in the city's 2nd Ward.
People's Park is a neighborhood located north of 23rd Avenue and south of Market Street. Twenty-First Avenue, or "La Veinte y uno", as it is known by most of Paterson's Spanish-speaking community, is located in the People's Park section of Paterson. It is an active and vibrant retail strip featuring a variety of shops and services catering to a diverse clientele. Twenty-First Avenue used to have a large Italian population. Although there is still a significant Italian presence left in the neighborhood, it also has a large first-generation Hispanic population, particularly Colombian.
House in Paterson's inner city, 1974. Photo by Danny Lyon.
Wrigley Park is a neighborhood that has suffered from years of poverty, crime, and neglect. It is mostly African-American. Poverty, crime, open-air drug markets, prostitution, vacant lots, and boarded-up windows are all common in this area. However, new houses are being built, and crime has dropped in recent years. This neighborhood is located north of Broadway. It is also known as the '4th Ward'.
Sandy Hill is a neighborhood in the Eastside located roughly west of Madison Avenue, north of 21st Avenue, south of Park Avenue, and east of Straight Street. Due to Paterson's significant population turn-over, this neighborhood is now home to a large and growing Hispanic community, mostly first-generation Dominicans. The Sandy Hill section of Paterson is located in the city's 5th Ward. Roberto Clemente Park, which was originally known as Sandy Hill Park, is located in this neighborhood.
Part of the 5th Ward is called Near Eastside by residents to differentiate it from the Eastside Park Historic District to its immediate east.
Northside, located north of Downtown, suffers from many of the social problems facing the Wrigley Park neighborhood, but to a lesser extent. This neighborhood borders the boroughs of Haledon and Prospect Park and is known for its hills and sweeping views of the New York City skyline. The Northside section of Paterson is located in the city's 1st Ward.
Totowa section is a large neighborhood located west of the Passaic River, south-west of West Broadway and north-east of Preakness Avenue. As the name implies, it borders the town of Totowa. It is mostly Hispanic but with an increasing South Asian community, mainly Bangladeshi. Many Bengali grocery and clothing stores are located on Union Avenue and the surrounding streets. Masjid Al-Ferdous is located on Union Avenue, which accommodates the daily Bangladeshi pedestrian population.
A large Italian presence remains in this neighborhood. Many Peruvian and other Latin American restaurants and businesses are located on Union Avenue. Colonial Village and Brooks Sloate Terraces are located in this neighborhood. The Totowa Section is located in parts of the 1st and 2nd Wards of Paterson.
Stoney Road is Paterson's most south-west neighborhood, bordering Woodland Park to the south and Totowa across the Passaic River to the west. This neighborhood is home to Pennington Park, Hayden Heights, Lou Costello Pool, the Levine reservoir, Murray Avenue, Mc Bride Avenue, and Garret Heights. A strong Italian presence remains in this neighborhood. The Stoney Road section of Paterson is located in the city's 2nd Ward.
Riverside is a larger neighborhood in Paterson and, as its name suggests, is bound by the Passaic River to the north and east, separating the city from Hawthorne and Fair Lawn. Riverside is a working-class neighborhood. The neighborhood is mostly residential with some industrial uses. Madison Avenue cuts through the heart of this district. Route 20 runs through the eastern border of Riverside, providing an easy commute to Route 80 East and New York City. This section is ethnically diverse with a growing Hispanic community concentrating mostly north and along River Street. Many Albanians make their home in the East 18th Street and River Street areas. River View Terrace is located in this neighborhood. Riverside is located in parts of the 3rd and 4th Wards of Paterson.
Bunker Hill is a mostly industrial area west of River Street and east of the Passaic River.
Westside Park located off Totowa Avenue and best known as the site of the Holland submarine, Fenian Ram, which was built from 1879 to 1881 for the Fenian Brotherhood. It became the target of graffiti artists because the fence surrounding it was too low and too close to the submarine itself. The sub is now located in Paterson Museum.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cool to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Paterson has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps. Despite the size of the city, it has no weather reporting station, and thus, no historic climate data. Paterson uses Newark's airport for its local weather.
Demographic surveys and census data find Paterson has the highest percentage of disabled persons of any city with more than 100,000 residents, with about 30% of males and 29% of females not classified as poor listed as having a disability.
Of the 44,329 households, 38.7% had children under the age of 18; 35.4% were married couples living together; 29.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.2% were non-families. Of all households, 21.0% were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.71.
27.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.1 years. For every 100 females, the population had 93.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 89.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $34,086 (with a margin of error of ±$1,705) and the median family income was $39,003 (±$2,408). Males had a median income of $30,811 (±$825) versus $28,459 (±$1,570) for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,543 (±$467). About 24.1% of families and 26.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.0% of those under age 18 and 25.4% of those age 65 or over.
A map showing the diversity of Paterson's population, 2010
Western Market Street, sometimes called Little Lima by tourists, is home to many Peruvian and other Latin-American businesses. In contrast, if one travels east on Market Street, a heavy concentration of Dominican-owned restaurants, beauty salons, barbershops, and other businesses can be seen. The Great Falls Historic District, Cianci Street, Union Avenue, and 21st Avenue have several Italian businesses. To the north of the Great Falls is a fast-growing Bangladeshi population. Park Avenue and Market Street between Straight Street and Madison Avenue are heavily Dominican and Puerto Rican.
Main Street, just south of downtown, is heavily Mexican with a resurgent Puerto Rican community. Broadway, also called Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Way, is significantly black, as are the Fourth Ward and parts of Eastside and Northside, although Paterson's African American population is declining.Costa Ricans and other Central American immigrant communities are growing in the Riverside and Peoples Park neighborhoods. Main Street between the Clifton border and Madison Avenue is heavily Turkish and Arab. 21st Avenue in the People's Park section is characterized by Colombian and other Latin American restaurants and shops.
Every summer, Patersonians conduct an African-American Day Parade, a Dominican Day Parade, a Puerto Rican Day Parade, a Peruvian Day Parade, and a Turkish-American Day Parade; budget cuts in 2011 have forced parade organizers to contribute to cover the costs of police and other municipal services.
Paterson is widely considered the capital of the Peruviandiaspora in the U.S.Little Lima, a Peruvian enclave in Downtown Paterson, is the largest Peruvian enclave outside of South America, home to approximately 10,000 Peruvian immigrants. Paterson has named an area bordered by Mill, Market, Main, and Cianci streets "Peru Square". Paterson's rapidly growing Peruvian community celebrates what is known as Señor de los Milagros ("Our Lord of Miracles" in English) on October 18 through 28th each year and every July participates in the annual Passaic County Peruvian Day Parade, which passes through Market Street and Main Street in the Little Lima neighborhood of Downtown Paterson. In the 2000 Census, 4.72% of residents listed themselves as being of Peruvian American ancestry, the third-highest percentage of the population of any municipality in New Jersey and the United States, behind East Newark with 10.1% and Harrison with 7.01%. The community includes both Quechua and Spanish speakers.
Paterson is home to the third-largest Dominican-American Community in the United States, after New York City and Lawrence, Massachusetts. In the 2000 Census, 10.27% of residents listed themselves as being of Dominican American ancestry, the eighth highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States and the third-highest percentage in New Jersey, behind Perth Amboy's 18.81% and Union City's 11.46%. Paterson renamed a section of Park Avenue in Sandy Hill to Dominican Republic Way to recognize the Dominican community, which is the largest Hispanic community in the city.
Paterson has incorporated a rapidly growing Bangladeshi American community, which is estimated to number 15,000, the largest in the United States outside New York City. Mohammed Akhtaruzzaman was ultimately certified as the winner of the 2012 city council race in the Second Ward, making him North Jersey's first Bangladeshi-American elected official.
A branch of the Sonali Exchange Company Inc. has opened on Union Avenue in the Totowa section of town (not to be confused with the Passaic County municipality Totowa); the Sonali Exchange Company is a subsidiary of Sonali Bank, the largest state-owned commercial bank in Bangladesh.
Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. The city was selected in 1994 as one of a group of 10 zones added to participate in the program. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+5⁄8% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in September 1994, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in September 2025. The UEZ program plays a pivotal role in the city's economic revitalization.
Arts and culture
Paterson has a significant parks and recreation system, including larger areas such as Eastside, Westside, and Pennington Parks, as well as neighborhood parks such as Wrigley, Robert Clemente, and People's. The Great Falls of the Passaic are part of the national park system.
The Paterson Museum, in the Great Falls Historic District, was founded in 1925 and is owned and operated by the city of Paterson. Its mission is to preserve and display the industrial history of the city. Since 1982, the museum has been housed in the Thomas Rogers Building on Market Street, the former erecting shop of Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works, a major 19th-century manufacturer of railroad steam locomotives.
Belle Vista, locally known as Lambert Castle, was built in 1892 as the home of Catholina Lambert, the self-made owner of a prominent silk mill in Paterson. After Lambert's death in 1923, his family sold the building to the city, which in turn sold it to the County of Passaic a few years later. The county used the building for administrative offices, and in 1936, provided one room to the fledgling Passaic County Historical Society to serve as its historical museum. As time went by the museum grew, room by room until the entire first floor became the historical museum.
In the late 1990s, the Castle underwent a multi-million-dollar restoration and all four floors of the building were developed into a museum and library. Today, Passaic County remains the owner of the building and supports the facilities' operation; however, the Passaic County Historical Society is solely responsible for the operation and management of Lambert Castle Museum with its historical period rooms, long-term and changing exhibition galleries, educational programs for elementary and middle-school students, and research library/archive.
Above Lambert Castle stands a 75-foot (23 m) observation tower, located at the peak of Garret Mountain, which while technically standing in Woodland Park, was constructed when the property was considered part of Paterson. The tower is part of the Garret Mountain Reservation and renovations were completed in 2009 to restore the tower to the original condition as built in 1896 by Lambert, who used the tower to impress guests with its view of the New York City skyline.
Attempts were being made to fund the restoration of the Paterson Armory as a recreation and cultural center, but the building was destroyed by fire before these could bear fruit.
WPAT AM 930 has been licensed to Paterson since 1941. 93.1 FM was added in 1957.
The City of Paterson operates within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under a Plan-D Mayor-Council form of government, which was adopted in 1974 in a change from a 1907 statute-based form. The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form.
Under the Mayor-Council plan, the Mayor is the chief executive and is responsible for administering the City's activities. The Mayor is elected at-large for a four-year term by the citizens and is responsible for them. The mayor enforces the charter and the ordinances and laws passed by the City Council. The Mayor appoints all department heads including the business administrator, with the advice and consent of the Council and may remove any department heads after giving them notice and an opportunity to be heard. With the assistance of the business administrator, the Mayor is responsible for the preparation of the municipal budget. The Mayor submits the budget to the Council along with a detailed analysis of expenditures and revenues. The Council may reduce any item or items in the budget by a majority vote, but can only increase an item by a two-thirds vote.
The City Council is comprised of nine members. Of these, six are elected through the use of the ward system, where candidates run to represent a certain area of the city. The other three seats are elected using the at-large system, where each candidate is voted upon by the entire voting population of the city. Municipal elections are held in even-numbered years, are non-partisan, and take place in early May. The six members of the City Council representing their wards are elected in the same years as presidential elections, while the mayoral election and the at-large Council elections are held in the same years as the mid-term Congressional elections.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Paterson is Andre Sayegh, whose term of office ends June 30, 2022. The previous mayor was Jane Williams-Warren, who was serving on an interim basis following the resignation of José "Joey" Torres. Torres was in his third non-consecutive term as Mayor of Paterson, having first been elected by defeating incumbent Martin G. Barnes in 2002 and then winning re-election in 2006 against Lawrence Spagnola. After losing his bid for a third consecutive term by a margin of 600 votes to City Council President Jeffery Jones in 2010, Torres defeated Jones in a rematch four years later. Torres pleaded guilty to corruption charges in September 2017 that required him to leave office and to serve a prison term of five years. According to city law, the President of the City Council is the next in line to succeed a Mayor who is removed from office for any reason and serves as Acting Mayor until the next election, unless the Council appoints someone else to fill the post within 30 days of the creation of the vacancy. City Council President Ruby Cotton immediately became Mayor upon Torres' resignation
 and served until September 29, when the council voted 5–4 to appoint Williams-Warren, a former city clerk, as interim mayor until the May 2018 municipal election.
Members of the City Council are Council President Maritza Davila (at-large; 2022), Council Vice President Michael Jackson (First Ward; 2020), Alaa "Al" Abdelaziz (Sixth Ward; 2020 - elected to serve an unexpired term), Ruby N. Cotton (Fourth Ward; 2020), Shahin Khalique (Second Ward; 2020), William McKoy (Third Ward; 2020), Dr. Lilisa Mimms (at-large; 2022), Flavio Rivera (at-large; 2022) and Luis Velez (Fifth Ward; 2020).
In July 2018, Alaa "Al" Abdelaziz was selected to fill the Sixth Ward seat expiring in June 2020 that had been held by Andre Sayegh until he stepped down to take office as mayor. In the November 2018 general election, Abdelaziz was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.
In 2018, the city had an average property tax bill of $8,087, the lowest in the county, compared to an average bill of $10,005 in Passaic County and $8,767 statewide.
The 2020 election for Paterson's Third Ward city council was invalidated after allegations of voter fraud vote-by-mail. More than 24% of ballots failed to meet the standard for mail-in ballots. This result was used by Trump's campaign and the Republican National Committee to file a lawsuit against universal vote-by-mail order from Governor Phil Murphy.
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to staggered three-year terms office on a partisan basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At a reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members to serve for a one-year term. As of 2017[update], Passaic County's Freeholders are
Director Cassandra "Sandi" Lazzara (D, 2018; Woodland Park),
Deputy Director Bruce James (D, 2017; Clifton),
Assad R. Akhter (D, 2018 - appointed to serve an unexpired term; Paterson),
John W. Bartlett (D, 2018; Wayne),
Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2017; Paterson),
Terry Duffy (D, 2019; West Milford), and
Pasquale "Pat" Lepore (D, 2019; Woodland Park). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are
County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (R, 2019; Totowa),Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik (D, 2019; Little Falls) and
Surrogate Bernice Toledo (D, 2021; Prospect Park).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 68,324 registered voters in Paterson, of which 27,926 (40.9% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 3,100 (4.5% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 37,285 (54.6% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 13 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 46.7% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 64.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 93.6% of the vote (41,662 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 6.1% (2,696 votes), and other candidates with 0.3% (152 votes), among the 45,050 ballots cast by the city's 78,194 registered voters (540 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 57.6%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 38,085 votes (86.7% vs. 58.8% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 4,098 votes (9.3% vs. 37.7%) and other candidates with 150 votes (0.3% vs. 0.8%), among the 43,946 ballots cast by the city's 70,925 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.0% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 28,896 votes (79.2% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 5,959 votes (16.3% vs. 42.7%) and other candidates with 151 votes (0.4% vs. 0.7%), among the 36,470 ballots cast by the city's 64,151 registered voters, for a turnout of 56.9% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 78.5% of the vote (15,726 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 20.6% (4,123 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (179 votes), among the 20,787 ballots cast by the city's 80,140 registered voters (759 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 25.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 17,334 ballots cast (85.7% vs. 50.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,213 votes (10.9% vs. 43.2%), Independent Chris Daggett with 264 votes (1.3% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 129 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 20,233 ballots cast by the city's 66,603 registered voters, yielding a 30.4% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
The Paterson Fire Department, headed by Chief Brian McDermott, operates out of seven fire stations with a total of 400 employees and is also responsible for the city's emergency medical services division and ambulance units. The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations.
In addition to local services, Paterson is home to the Passaic County Sheriff's Office Courts Division in the Passaic County Courthouse and Correctional Division in the Passaic County Jail. The jail, originally constructed in 1957, can accommodate 1,242 inmate beds.
In April 2011, Paterson laid off 125 police officers, nearly 25% of the total force in the city, due to severe budget constraints caused by a $70 million deficit. At the same time, the Guardian Angels, a New York City-based volunteer citizen safety patrol organization, began operating in Paterson at the invitation of the Mayor.
St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center is a large institution providing comprehensive emergency services as well as non-emergency medical care to Paterson and the surrounding community.
I-80 westbound in Paterson
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 195.28 miles (314.27 km) of roadways, of which 157.62 miles (253.66 km) were maintained by the municipality, 29.21 miles (47.01 km) by Passaic County and 8.45 miles (13.60 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Paterson also served as the terminus for numerous major secondary roads in northern New Jersey. Paterson Plank Road linked the city to Jersey City and eventually, the Hudson River waterfront in Hoboken, while the Paterson-Hamburg Turnpike connected the city with Sussex County along what is now parts of State Route 23.
Private, independent jitney buses (guaguas or dollar vans) connect Paterson with neighboring communities along Route 4 and provide transportation to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal and George Washington Bridge Bus Station in Manhattan. These buses run at high frequency but do not have formal, published schedules.
As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of 51 schools, had an enrollment of 27,601 students and 2,053.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.4:1. District enrollment in Paterson surged at the start of the 2015–16 school year, creating a public school enrollment of 700 students higher than expected and putting the school district in a situation of needing to hire teachers rapidly not long after the district had laid off 300 positions.
In 2011, all of Paterson's high schools were changed to theme schools, as part of a goal to give students a better choice in areas they wanted to pursue. Among the 594 students who took the SAT in 2013, the mean combined score was 1120 and there were 19 students (3.2% of those taking the exam) who achieved the combined score of 1550 that the College Board considers an indicator of college readiness, a decline from the 26 students (4.3%) who achieved the standard the previous year.
Paterson Charter School for Science and Technology is a charter school serving students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Other charter schools include Community Charter School of Paterson (K–8), John P. Holland Charter School (K–8) and Paterson Arts and Science Charter School (K–7).
The city is host to the state's annual robotics competition held at Passaic County Community College. The North Jersey Robotics Competition was created to place high educational merit on the students of Paterson. The competition draws schools from around New Jersey. Three events make up the meet which takes place on two different days. The competition's tenth-anniversary event in 2011 was won by Paterson's Panther Academy.
There is a pact of friendship with the town of Montescaglioso (Matera, Basilicata, Italy), as testified by mutual naming of two streets in their city centers. Paterson was a place of Italian emigration in the late nineteenth century and today houses a large community of citizens of Montescaglioso who emigrated in those years.
The Great Falls were featured in the first season of the HBO crime drama The Sopranos, both in the pilot and in the episode Pax Soprana as the place where Junior Soprano's friend's grandson committed suicide after taking poor designer drugs; as a favor, Junior Soprano had Mikey Palmice and another individual toss the dealer, Rusty Irish, off the bridge over the falls. Other locations throughout the city were used in the series, as much of the show was shot on location in North Jersey.
The first steam-powered and first electric-powered model trains were both invented in Paterson. Eugene Beggs made the first steam-powered train in the city around 1871. Beggs' employee, Jehu Garlick, invented the first electric-powered model train that consisted of a tinplate toy locomotive with four aluminum wheels. "Toy World", which highlights the history of New Jersey's toy-making industry at the New Jersey State Museum, prominently featured Paterson's contribution to the history of toys.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Paterson include: ( (B) denotes that the person was born in Paterson).
^ abcdeThomasch, Paul. "Irene another blow to struggling New Jersey city", Reuters, September 1, 2011. Accessed January 24, 2012. "Nicknamed the 'Silk City' for its 19th-century silk factories, Paterson has a place in labor history as the site of a six-month strike in 1913 by the Industrial Workers of the World, or 'Wobblies,' who were viewed as a threat to capitalism at a time when the United States had a radical labor movement."
^ abMalinconico, Joe. "Paterson's population grew by 9%, 2020 census results show". North Jersey Media Group. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
^Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2019 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
^ abGCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 7, 2013.
^ abThe Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 3, 2011.
^ abcdeDP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Paterson city, Passaic County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 28, 2011.
^Cohen, Darryl T. Population Trends in Incorporated Places: 2000 to 2013, United States Census Bureau, March 2015. Accessed April 25, 2021. "New York, with a population density of 27,781.2 people per square mile, was the nation’s densest large city by a considerable margin, followed by San Francisco (17,858.9); Jersey City, NJ (17,396.0); Paterson, NJ (17,316.5); and Cambridge, MA (16,790.7) (Table 10)."
^"Robert Menendez, New Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair: 'No Daylight Between US, Israel On My Watch'", The Algemeiner, March 13, 2013. Accessed January 27, 2015. "JNS.org asked Menendez if his public support for the Jewish community and for Israel in any way has conflicted with his work in diverse New Jersey communities such as Paterson, a city that is home to the second-largest Muslim population in the U.S. as well as a mosque, the Islamic Center of Passaic County, whose leader, Mohammad Qatanani, is allegedly a member of Hamas."
^Scott, William Winfield. "The Founding of Passaic 250 years ago" Archived May 12, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Passaic County Historical Society, September 1, 1929. Accessed January 27, 2015.
^District Significance, Paterson Friends of the Great Falls. Accessed September 4, 2011.
^Who Was William Paterson? Archived July 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, William Paterson University. Accessed September 4, 2011. "He also supported a proposal by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and a group of investors to incorporate them as the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures (SUM). In 1792 he signed the charter incorporating SUM as well as a municipal charter covering 36 square miles for the Corporation of the Town of Paterson at the site of the Great Falls of the Passaic River."
^Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 16, 2015.
^Jusserand, Jean Jules (1916). Major L'Enfant and the Federal City. With Americans of Past and Present Days. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 184. ISBN 9780722276648.
^Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, Paterson Friends of the Great Falls. Accessed August 15, 2011.
^Introduction: Project Copy of the Calendar of the S.U.M. Collection of Manuscripts from the New Jersey Historical Records Survey, Paterson Friends of the Great Falls, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 11, 2015. Accessed December 9, 2016.
^Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 210. Accessed January 24, 2012.
^Narvaez, Alfonso A. "Historic Power Plant Reborn At The Great Falls In Paterson", The New York Times, June 30, 1987. Accessed April 18, 2012.
^Paterson, New Jersey:America's Silk City, National Park Service. Accessed April 18, 2012. "These mills manufactured many things during the long history of this industrial city—cotton textiles, steam locomotives, Colt revolvers, and aircraft engines. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, they produced silk fabrics in such quantities that Paterson was known as 'Silk City.'"
^Sachs, Andrea. "Escapes: Paterson, N.J.'s Great Falls is an urban oasis with depth", Washington Post, August 6, 2010. Accessed April 18, 2012. "The museum, for example, owns the first two submersibles built by John Philip Holland, the Father of the Modern Submarine, and 30 of the rare Colt Paterson firearms (1837–42), the third-largest collection in the world."
^Salerno, Salvatore. "Paterson's Italian Anarchist Silk Workers and the Politics of Race by Salvatore Salerno", libcom.org, February 5, 2011. Accessed November 28, 2011.
^ abcdHinchliffe Stadium, National Trust for Historic Preservation.
^ abcdefAlfred M. Martin & Alfred T. Martin, The Negro Leagues in New Jersey: A History (McFarland, 2008), pp. 21-23.
^ abMalinconico, Joe. "Paterson's Hinchliffe Stadium is a keystone in the history of Negro Leagues baseball", Paterson Press, October 3, 2018.
^Get to Know Paterson Archived July 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Merchants & Businesses of Downtown Paterson. Accessed August 16, 2012. "Today, the city's growth and economy has been boosted by immigrants who still migrate to Paterson for the small business opportunities."
^Last Alarm, Paterson Fire Journal, June 21, 2008. Accessed August 5, 2014.
^Via Associated Press. "Firefighter's Body Is Found", The New York Times, January 21, 1991. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Paterson firefighters have found the body of a missing colleague, two days after a fire destroyed much of two city blocks."
^Dolnick, Sam. "River, at 100-Year High, Ravages a City That Once Thrived on It", The New York Times, August 31, 2011. Accessed August 5, 2014. "On Wednesday, this working-class city in North Jersey was fighting back the highest floodwaters in over a century. At least 6,000 people here have been affected, Mayor Jeffery Jones said."
^Staff. "President Obama declares N.J. a disaster area as residents continue to deal with Hurricane Irene's impact", The Star-Ledger, September 1, 2011. Accessed August 5, 2014.
^Friedman, Matt. "President Obama to visit Paterson to survey Hurricane Irene damage", The Star-Ledger, August 31, 2011. Accessed August 5, 2014. "The White House announced President Obama will be visiting the hurricane-stricken areas of Paterson on Sunday."
^City Room. "Obama to Visit Paterson on Sunday and the Overflowing Passaic River", The New York Times, August 31, 2011. Accessed August 5, 2014.
^Jackson, Herb. "Paterson prepares for President Obama's visit today" Archived October 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, September 4, 2011. Accessed September 4, 2011. "Details are being tightly guarded about where President Obama will go Sunday when he visits Paterson to see the damage wrought by Hurricane Irene. Only Obama's arrival at Newark Liberty International Airport is open to the press. The rest of his travels Sunday afternoon will be watched by a small group of pool reporters."
^Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
^Areas touching Paterson, MapIt. Accessed March 2, 2020.
^Passaic County Map, Coalition for a Healthy NJ. Accessed March 2, 2020.
^Paterson Mill Survey, City of Paterson. Accessed January 27, 2015.
^Walking Tour of Downtown Archived March 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, PatersonHistory.com. Accessed May 3, 2012.
^ abHarrison, Karen Tina. "Savor City; Paterson, the one-time Silk City, is a Great Falls of ethnic eating.", New Jersey Monthly, July 13, 2019. Accessed November 14, 2020. "Turkish, Syrian, Lebanese, Egyptian, and Palestinian immigrants, among others, share a grand mosque, Masjid Jalalabad, in the renovated, once-endangered 1921 Orpheum Theater. A long stretch of Main Street in the South Paterson neighborhood amounts to a Jersey souk, or market, encompassing all kinds of shops and Middle Eastern eateries."
^Hyman, Vicki. "Colonial mansion restored in Paterson's once- (and again) grand Eastside Park", The Star-Ledger, July 1, 2009. Accessed September 22, 2011. "Smaller but no less spectacular examples of Tudor, Craftsman, Dutch Colonial, Federal, Greek Revival, Spanish and even mid-century modern homes sprang up over the next half-century. Eastside Park at one point was home to as many as 40,000 Jews, but they decamped rapidly to burgeoning suburbs starting in the late 1950s (though Temple Emanuel, the octagonal art deco neighborhood landmark, didn't pull up roots until 2005)."
^ abcCowen, Richard. "Paterson's Palestinians celebrate annual flag-raising at City Hall", The Record, May 18, 2014. Accessed August 5, 2014.
^ abVilleneuve, Marina; and Seasly, John. "Nearly 100 gather for Paterson candlelight vigil honoring Syrian refugees" Archived May 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, September 5, 2015. Accessed December 6, 2016.
^ abAdely, Hannan. "Paterson embraces Syrian refugees as neighbors" Archived December 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, December 1, 2015. Accessed December 6, 2016.
^La Valle-Finn, Lisa. "Living The Dream: Palestinian traditions and American freedoms blend perfectly in Paterson.", New Jersey Monthly, November 10, 2009. Accessed November 14, 2011.
^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved September 14, 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
^Other Important Industries In Paterson, Paterson Friends of the Great Falls. Accessed August 5, 2012.
^Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 274, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 14, 2013. "The population in 1840 was 7,596; in 1850, 11,334; in 1860, 19,588; and in 1870, 33,579."
^Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 7, 2013. Population of 7,598 listed for 1840 is two higher than values shown in other sources.
^Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Paterson city, New Jersey Archived July 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 13, 2013.
^DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Paterson city, Passaic County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 13, 2013.
^Malinconico, Joe. "Political battle brewing over Paterson's plans for Hispanic Heritage Month event" Archived September 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, September 25, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014. "'I have 52 different ethnic groups in the city,' said Torres. 'If I incur the expense, I have to do it for everybody.'"
^"Robert Menendez, New Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chair: 'No Daylight Between US, Israel On My Watch'", The Algemeiner, March 13, 2013. Accessed January 27, 2015. "JNS.org asked Menendez if his public support for the Jewish community and for Israel in any way has conflicted with his work in diverse New Jersey communities such as Paterson, a city that is home to the second-largest Muslim population in the U.S. as well as a mosque, the Islamic Center of Passaic County, whose leader, Mohammad Qatanani, is allegedly a member of Hamas."
^Rumley, Ed. "Paterson's Bangladeshi community celebrates start of Martyrs' Monument", Paterson Press, October 12, 2014. Accessed January 27, 2015.
^ abvia Associated Press. "Muslims could prove key in choosing next U.S. president", The Seattle Times, October 8, 2004. Accessed July 17, 2011. "... Paterson, which is the nation's second-largest Arab-American community after the Dearborn, Mich.-area."
^Sudol, Karen. "North Jersey Peruvians celebrate Peru's independence with a flag-raising in Paterson", The Record, July 27, 2013. Accessed August 5, 2014.
^Valencia, Laura. "Thousands celebrate their heritage in Paterson's Dominican Parade" Archived August 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Paterson Press, September 8, 2013. Accessed August 5, 2014. "The Dominican community has become the largest among the city's more than 50 ethnic groups, with tens of thousands tracing their heritage to the Dominican Republic."
^ abLoboguerrero, Cristina; translated from Spanish by Carlos Rodríguez-Martorell, Carlos. "Three Hispanic Candidates Vie For Paterson, NJ Mayor", Voices of NY from El Diario La Prensa, May 12, 2014. "Puerto Rican José 'Joey' Torres, who was the mayor from 2002 to 2010, seeks to regain the seat after losing it to Jeffery Jones in the past election. Torres and the current City Council President Andre Sayegh are the main favorites to unseat Jones in the May 13 election. The other Latino candidates are both Dominican: María Teresa Feliciano is a newcomer in politics, and Councilman Rigo Rodríguez was recently charged with electoral fraud."
^Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record, August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed December 1, 2014.
^DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Paterson city, Passaic County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 24, 2012.
^Sheingold, Dve. "North Jersey black families leaving for lure of new South", The Record, February 20, 2011. Accessed May 21, 2013. "In Paterson, the number dipped from 46,900 to 41,400 and now comprises 28 percent of the city's population."
^Sharkey, Joe. "Finding a Lost Page From a Family History", The New York Times, November 10, 1996. Accessed May 3, 2012. "Blinking back tears, Delores Van Rensalier pushed a shovel into the damp earth in a vacant lot wedged between a Wendy's restaurant and the police and courts complex in downtown Paterson. Beside her, workers were putting up a sign to mark the lot as the location of 'the Huntoon-Van Rensalier Station of the Underground Railroad, 1855–1864.'... Paterson, a prosperous milltown before the Civil War, was a 'station' on the Underground Railroad, the clandestine network of way stations operated by northern abolitionists to help slaves escape to Canada from the South. Huntoon operated his station in partnership with Van Rensalier, whom Ms. Van Rensalier now suspects came here on a slave ship and later assumed the Dutch name as a free man.
^Van Rensalier, Dolores; and Alaya, Flavia. Bridge Street to Freedom: Landmarking a Station on the Underground Railroad, Ramapo College, 1999. ISBN 0-927351-04-8.
^Anderson, Samuel. "Plans for a monument at Paterson's Underground Railroad station", Paterson press, January 10, 2014. Accessed January 27, 2015.
^Anzidei, Melanie. "Hispanic chamber hosts annual convention in Paterson; state provides grant for entrepreneurship center", The Record, October 23, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014.
^ ab Archived February 13, 2020, at archive.today Accessed May 18, 2019.
^Schectman, Joel; and Patberg, Zach. "Ethnic parades in Paterson likely to be victims of city budget stress", The Record, June 13, 2011. Accessed September 4, 2011. "The Puerto Rican, Dominican and African-American parades, which attracted tens of thousands of people, face shutdown after Mayor Jeffery Jones demanded that organizers pay as much as $100,000 for police and clean up after the event.... Peruvians were set to celebrate their 25th annual parade in Paterson next month. The event has brought in more than 35,000 people from as far away as Florida."
^A Brief History of Peruvian Immigration to the United States Archived July 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, yumimmigrantcity.com. Accessed May 21, 2013. "Today, Paterson, NJ remains the effective 'capital' of the Peruvian Diaspora in the United States."
^Cowen, Richard. "Peruvian chefs in Paterson have Eva's kitchen to thank", The Record, May 18, 2019. Accessed November 14, 2020. "Paterson has an estimated 10,000 Peruvian immigrants, according to the U.S. Census, which make it the largest Peruvian enclave in the United States."
^Rahman, Jayed (November 28, 2016). "Paterson's Peruvians celebrate unveiling of sign for Peru Square". The Paterson Times. The Paterson Times. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
^Staff. "Photos: Annual Peruvian Day Parade in Passaic County. The parade makes its way down Market Street in Paterson", The Record, July 27, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014.
^Torrens, Claudia via Associated Press. "Some NY immigrants cite lack of Spanish as barrier", U-T San Diego, May 28, 2011. Accessed May 21, 2013. "Peruvians who speak Quechua live in Queens and Paterson, N.J."
^Rahman, Jayed. "Paterson's largest Hispanic community celebrates renaming Park Avenue to Dominican Republic Way", Paterson Times, October 8, 2016. Accessed October 23, 2018. "The long-promised renaming of Park Avenue to recognize the city’s largest Hispanic community came to pass on Saturday afternoon with resounding chants of 'Viva La Republica Dominicana!' at the Juan Pablo Duarte Park."
^Yellin, Deena. "Palestinian flag-raising is highlight of heritage week in Paterson", The Record, May 3, 2015. Accessed May 29, 2015.
^Adely, Hannan. "Hundreds of Palestinians rally in Paterson in protest of Israeli military campaign", The Record, July 19, 2014. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Organized by community leaders, the rally took place in the South Paterson neighborhood often called Little Ramallah for its large population of Palestinian-Americans."
^Staff. "Paterson school district restarts Arab language program for city youths", Paterson Press, December 10, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014. "City education officials have resumed providing a program that teaches 125 students the Arab language. The district has been offering the program, which is run by the Paterson-based Arab American Civic Association, for more than a decade."
^Natho, Kadir I. Circassian History, p. 530. Xlibris Corporation, 2009. ISBN 9781465316998.[self-published source]
^Yellin, Deena. "More NJ school districts recognize Muslim holidays", The Record, October 22, 2010. Accessed May 29, 2015. "Yet, many New Jersey districts have for years closed schools for Muslim holidays, including Paterson, Atlantic City, Trenton, Cliffside Park, Piscataway, Prospect Park, Plainfield and Irvington."
^Malinconico, Joe; and Kratovil, Charlie. "Paterson's Bengali Community Takes Pride in Akhtaruzzaman's Upset Victory", The Alternative Press, May 9, 2012. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Ahmed estimated that Paterson has about 15,000 Bengali residents."
^"Bangladeshis in the New York Metro Area", All Peoples Initiative. Accessed October 27, 2014.
^Clunn, Nick. "Officials certify election of Akhtaruzzaman to Paterson's 2nd Ward", The Record, November 27, 2012. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Election officials Tuesday certified Mohammed Akhtaruzzaman as the winner of a special City Council race, settling a prolonged political contest that ended with his reclaiming the seat he lost in a court challenge.... It was unclear when Akhtaruzzaman would take office as the representative for the 2nd Ward and reclaim his mantle as the first Bangladeshi-American elected to municipal office in North Jersey."
^Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed October 28, 2019. "In 1994 the legislation was amended and ten more zones were added to this successful economic development program. Of the ten new zones, six were predetermined: Paterson, Passaic, Perth Amboy, Phillipsburg, Lakewood, Asbury Park/Long Branch (joint zone). The four remaining zones were selected on a competitive basis. They are Carteret, Pleasantville, Union City and Mount Holly."
^Urban Enterprise Zone Program, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed October 27, 2019. "Businesses participating in the UEZ Program can charge half the standard sales tax rate on certain purchases, currently 3.3125% effective 1/1/2018"
^About The UEZ Program, City of Paterson. Accessed November 19, 2019. "Today, Paterson retains its proud history and is making a true 'silk to silicon' transformation. Central to this revitalization is the UEZ Program as it enables retail members to charge 3 1/2% sales tax giving them a competitive edge over other businesses."
^City Parks Facilities, City of Paterson. Accessed May 3, 2012.
^Paterson Museum, City of Paterson. Accessed November 14, 2011.
^Lambert Castle, Passaic County Historical Society. Accessed November 14, 2011.
^Cowen, Richard. "Renovation of Woodland Park's 'Lambert Castle' tower nearly complete", The Record, December 1, 2009. Accessed May 3, 2012.
^Malinconico, Joe. "A Dream or Reality? Plans for Paterson Armory Take Shape", The Alternative Press, April 9, 2012. Accessed May 3, 2012.
^City Council, City of Paterson. Accessed January 14, 2013. "The City of Paterson Municipal Council was created as a result of a 1974 decision to change its form of government from a 1907 statute-based form, to a Faulkner Act Plan-D Mayor-Council Form."
^Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
^Staff. "Joey Torres regains mayor's seat in Paterson", The Star-Ledger, May 14, 2014. Accessed March 21, 2016. "After a four-year absence, Jose "Joey" Torres will again be the mayor of New Jersey's third-largest city.... Jones beat Torres by less than 600 votes to become mayor in 2010."
^Malinconcino, Joe; Oglesby, Amanda. "Paterson Mayor Joey Torres pleads guilty to corruption charges", Asbury Park Press, September 24, 2017. Accessed September 24, 2017. "Paterson Mayor Joey Torres, a former Jackson business administrator, pleaded guilty to corruption charges Friday afternoon, despite saying for months after his indictment that he would be vindicated in the courts. The proposed agreement will require Torres, 58, to step down from the mayor’s job and serve prison time up to five years in prison.... Torres will be replaced as mayor on an interim basis by City Council President Ruby Cotton. She will remain in the top job until Paterson’s mayoral election in May 2018, unless her colleagues pick someone else to fill the job during the next 30 days."
^Malinconico, Joe. "Paterson Council picks Williams-Warren, not Ruby Cotton, to be interim mayor until May election", Paterson Press, September 30, 2017. Accessed September 30, 2017. "Retired municipal clerk Jane Williams-Warren will become Paterson’s next mayor on Oct. 10, under decision reached by the City Council late Friday. Williams-Warren will fill the seat that Jose 'Joey' Torres was forced to give up as a result of his conviction on Sept. 22 of corruption charges. The council picked Williams-Warren to serve as interim mayor despite a standing-room-only crowd that jammed City Hall to urge the governing body to keep Councilwoman Ruby Cotton as Paterson’s acting mayor."
^City Council Members, City of Paterson. Accessed May 10, 2020. "The City of Paterson Municipal Council was created as a result of a 1974 decision to change its form of government from a 1907 statute-based form, to a Faulkner Act Plan-D Mayor-Council Form.... The Mayor-Council plan consisted of a Mayor and Nine (9) Council members, Six (6) of the members that sit on the Municipal Council represent the Six Wards of the City. The three (3) remaining members are members At-Large. The Municipal Council has the responsibility of reviewing and approving Municipal legislation. Under the Mayor-Council plan, the Mayor is the chief executive and is responsible for administering the City's activities. The Mayor is elected for a four (4) year term by the citizens and is responsible for them."
^Fiscal Year 2019 Municipal Data Sheet, City of Paterson. Accessed March 16, 2020.
^Paterson Municipal Election May 8, 2018 Summary Report Passaic County Official Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated May 22, 2018. Accessed March 16, 2020.
^Paterson Municipal Election May 10, 2016 Summary Report Passaic County Unofficial Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated May 23, 2016. Accessed March 16, 2020.
^Malinconico, Joe. "Al Abdelaziz becomes Paterson’s new 6th Ward councilman", Paterson Press, July 11, 2018. Accessed March 16, 2020. "In a unanimous vote, the City Council picked the co-chairman of the Paterson Democratic Party on Tuesday night to be the new council member for the 6th Ward. Al Abdelaziz will serve in the position, which became vacant when Andre Sayegh took office as mayor."
^2018 General Election November 6, 2018 Summary Report Passaic County Official Results, Passaic County, New Jersey, updated November 30, 2018. Accessed January 1, 2019.
^Marcus, Samantha. "These are the towns with the lowest property taxes in each of N.J.’s 21 counties", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 30, 2019. Accessed November 7, 2019. "New Jersey’s average property tax bill may have hit $8,767 last year — a new record — but taxpayers in some parts of the state pay just a fraction of that.... The average property tax bill in Paterson was $8,087 in 2018, the lowest in Passaic County."
^Judge invalidates Paterson, NJ, city council election after allegations of mail-in voter fraud
^Biography, Congressman Bill Pascrell. Accessed January 3, 2019."A native son of Paterson, N.J., Congressman Bill Pascrell, Jr. has built a life of public service upon the principles he learned while growing up on the south side of the Silk City."
^, United States Senate. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
^Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
^. United States Senate. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
^GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 – State – County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
^"Presidential General Election Results – November 6, 2012 – Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
^"Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 6, 2012 – General Election Results – Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
^2008 Presidential General Election Results: Passaic County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 16, 2013.
^Paterson Police Department, City of Paterson. Accessed November 14, 2011.
^About Archived April 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Paterson Fire Department. Accessed May 3, 2012.
^Steadman, Andrew. "Bayonne firefighters participate in mock disaster drills in Newark", The Jersey Journal, May 1, 2012. Accessed June 6, 2016. "According to the press release, the Metro USAR Strike Team is made up of nine fire departments from Bayonne, Elizabeth, Hackensack, Hoboken, Jersey City, Newark, Paterson, Morristown as well as the five-municipality North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue Agency."
^Passaic County Jail, Passaic County Sheriff's Office. Accessed December 10, 2014. "Originally constructed in 1957, the Passaic County Jail was built to accommodate 227 beds. Over the years, the jail has undergone many changes. The facility now consists of 4 floors and has a 1242 inmate bed capacity."
^Patberg, Zach. "Paterson layoff of 125 police officers draws protests", The Record, April 18, 2011. Accessed September 4, 2011.
^Lynn, Kathleen. "Guardian Angels begin Paterson patrols", The Record, April 17, 2011. Accessed September 4, 2011. "Responding to the layoffs of 125 Paterson police officers, the New York City-based Guardian Angels began patrols in the city Sunday. The Guardian Angels arrived in Paterson on Sunday to begin patrolling the city. The 18 Angels, in signature red jackets and berets, were greeted in front of City Hall by Mayor Jeffery Jones, who had invited the volunteer safety patrol organization in February as the city's budget problems deepened."
^Home page Archived September 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center. Accessed September 4, 2011.
^Malinconico, Joe. "Months after layoffs, unexpected enrollment puts Paterson school district in hiring scramble", The Record, September 17, 2015. Accessed September 17, 2015. "Just months after imposing more than 300 layoffs, the city school district is scrambling to hire dozens of extra teachers to handle an unexpected enrollment increase of about 700 students.... But far more immigrants have moved into Paterson than were expected, the superintendent said."
^Brody, Leslie. "Paterson to split JFK high school into four academies", The Record, March 7, 2011. Accessed November 14, 2011. "Paterson school officials will split the troubled John F. Kennedy High School into four smaller academies so that starting next fall, all public high school students in the city will be enrolled in a 'choice' magnet school."
^Malinconico, Joe. "Latest SAT results: Number of Paterson 'college-ready' students drops to 19", Paterson Press, October 14, 2014. Accessed December 11, 2014. "A report released by the school district last week showed 19 of the 594 Paterson students who took the SATs this year had scores that met the "college-ready" criteria established by the College Board, which conducts the standardized tests."
^Admissions FAQ Archived November 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Paterson Charter School for Science and Technology. Accessed November 3, 2014.
^Naanes, Marlene. "Paterson Catholic to close by end of school year" Archived May 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, April 21, 2010. Accessed June 21, 2011. "Paterson Catholic Regional High School, which has prided itself for four decades on serving some of the area's poorest and immigrant families, will close its doors the diocese said Wednesday, citing enormous debt, plummeting donations and a bad economy."
^Staff. "Mr. Jones wants Surat as a sister city", Paterson Times, June 28, 2013. Accessed August 25, 2015. "The city has sister city status with a number of municipalities around the world including with Lyon, France; Eskişehir, Turkey; and Yulin, China."
^Malinconico, Joe; and Green, Jeff. "Paterson mayor reports India delegation will be visiting soon", The Record, July 5, 2013. Accessed December 10, 2014. "Jones said he reached a sister-city agreement with Surat City that was signed by members of the Indian community's chamber of commerce."
^Staff. "Mr. Jones wants Surat as a sister city", Paterson Times, June 28, 2013. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Jeffery Jones, the mayor of Paterson, during his much lambasted visit to India, has proposed to establish sister city link between the Indian city of Surat, a large diamond cutting town with a population of more than 4 million, and the city of Paterson, according to a local Indian newspaper."
^Clunn, Nick. "Paterson Officials Invited To Sister City In China", The Record, December 10, 2011. Accessed December 10, 2014. "The expo is considered an important regional event for business interests in southeast China and Yulin City, which struck a 'friendship agreement' with Paterson."
^Twenty-First Avenue: Place of Conjunction, Library of Congress. Accessed August 7, 2013. "Italians from that town found their way to Paterson and settled in the 21st Avenue area earlier in this century. This population increased over the years, at least in part because of the Italian practice of chain migration. The Paterson Montese community was fed by renewed immigration after World War II, from about the mid-1950s to the mid-1970s, when immigration from Italy to the United States slowed considerably as a result of vastly improved economic conditions in Italy."
^Schiller, Kristan. "Kerouac's 'On the Road' And Its Jersey Ties", The New York Times, December 4, 1994. Accessed May 21, 2013. "Kerouac was born and raised in the Merrimack River valley town of Lowell, Mass., and lived in Ozone Park, Queens, with his mother, Gabrielle Ange Levesque Kerouac, when he started writing On the Road. He imagined himself in the story as Salvatore Paradise, a young writer attempting a novel while living with an unnamed aunt in another American city – Paterson, N.J."
^ abMaslin, Janet. "Movie Review: Lean on Me", The New York Times, March 3, 1989. Accessed January 24, 2012. "And Morgan Freeman manages it in Lean on Me, in which he plays Joe Clark, the controversial high-school principal from Paterson, N.J."
^DeLuca, Dan. "No payoff in 'State Property' A street thug aims to hit it big. The movie misses.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 19, 2002. Accessed August 16, 2012. "The setting is meant to be Philadelphia, but save for one quick shot of City Hall, State Property never looks the slightest bit familiar. Perhaps that's because it was shot in Paterson, N.J. (According to Abbott's production notes, efforts to film in town were thwarted because 'we could not afford to house everyone in Philly or commute from NYC,' where the Roc-A-Fella posse is headquartered.)"
^Staudter, Thomas. "How Main Street Cafe Got in the Movies", The New York Times, May 26, 1996. Accessed August 16, 2012. "In addition to the Chelsea Pier television and film production studios in Manhattan, other chief locales for The Preacher's Wife include Yonkers, Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, N.J., and Portland, Me."
^Staff. "Banner Year For N.J. Film Industry Production Companies Spent $15.4 Million In '84", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 3, 1985. Accessed August 16, 2012. "The Purple Rose of Cairo, Woody Allen's sixth New Jersey film, using sites in Mount Arlington, South Amboy and Paterson."
^Robey, Tim. "Adam Driver's Paterson will be treasured for years – review", The Daily Telegraph, November 24, 2016. Accessed December 6, 2016. "You've beheld Adam Driver as Kylo Ren; now meet Kylo Zen. In Jim Jarmusch's new film Paterson, he plays a guy called Paterson, who happens to live in Paterson, New Jersey, his birthplace, where he drives a bus (number 23) with his surname naturally emblazoned on it."
^Episode: "Abbott & Costello – Return To Paterson", My Old Radio, broadcast June 28, 1945. Accessed August 16, 2012.
^Nussbaum, Paul. "In gritty North Jersey, a national park-to-be Waterfall has a Sopranos tie.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 20, 2009. Accessed October 9, 2016. "In recent times, though, the biggest thing to hit the falls was an unlucky victim who got tossed off the footbridge in an episode of The Sopranos."
^YouTube – Frankie Goes To Hollywood – Two Tribes (1983)
^Rahman, Jayed (October 29, 2016). "America's first model trains, invented in Paterson, on display at New Jersey State Museum exhibit". The Paterson Times. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
^Tom Acker #40, MLB.com. Accessed September 16, 2015.
^Raskin, David A. "Soccer; Acosta Finds His Dreams Close to Home", The New York Times, June 13, 1988. Accessed September 16, 2015. "But Acosta, a Paterson resident, has found more than a team since returning from Long Island University. The 23-year-old has become the leading scorer in the newly formed American Soccer League and is the league's first young player to gain national attention."
^Balducci, Anthony. Lloyd Hamilton: Poor Boy Comedian of Silent Cinema, p. 60. McFarland & Company, 2009. ISBN 9780786441594. Accessed October 8, 2018. "To fill these holes in his ranks, Lehrman hired Jimmie Adams, a slightly built comic from Paterson, New Jersey."
^Idec, Keith. "Browns enjoy playing for that other Ryan", The Record, November 14, 2010. Accessed September 4, 2011. "Paterson native Mike Adams couldn't help but laugh when he heard and read about the controversy Jets head coach Rex Ryan caused with his R-rated vocabulary during episodes of HBO's Hard Knocks this summer."
^Adeva, soulwalking.co.uk. Accessed March 13, 2012.
^"Charlie Adler". IMDb. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
^Newirth, Mike. "Lost on Nelson Algren Avenue", The Baffler, No. 18, 2009. Accessed May 3, 2015. "In 1974, Esquire asked Algren to write an article on Rubin 'Hurricane' Carter, since made famous by Bob Dylan and Denzel Washington; back then, Carter was just another murderer, albeit one railroaded by police misconduct. Algren concluded that Carter and his co-defendant were innocent, and decided to move to Paterson, N.J., to write about them."
^Cannizzaro, Mark. "Carthon & Muir Receive Invites To Stay Aboard", New York Post, January 20, 2001. Accessed May 3, 2015. "One of the offensive coordinators who's believed to be at or near the top of Edwards' list is Colts' quarterbacks coach Bruce Arians, a Paterson, NJ, native who's had a close hand in the development of Peyton Manning."
^Kampfe, John. "Hail Caesar Chronicles Fictional Day in the Life of Jersey-born 'Fixer'", Jerseywood, February 12, 2016. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Mannix isn’t the only Garden State connection in Hail Caesar. Jillian Armenante, who plays a 'script girl' in the film, was born in Paterson and grew up in Wyckoff."
^2001 Award Winners Archived November 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Inventors hall of Fame. Accessed May 3, 2015. "New Jersey native Gerald R. Ash, who was born in Paterson and lived for many years in West Long Branch, started working for AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1976 as a member of the technical staff."
^Kelly, Jacques. "Sisto J. Averno Sr., Colt player1950s Baltimore Colt guard who also played for New York and Dallas became a Luby and Fox Chevrolet salesman", The Baltimore Sun, March 29, 2012. Accessed September 16, 2015. "Born in Paterson, N.J., he was the son of Roberto Averno and Elvira Isabella Salerno. While a student at Paterson High School, he played football and was scouted by colleges."
^Staff. "Capra won't throw any punches", Eugene Register-Guard, September 2, 1978. Accessed December 15, 2015. "The call went out for Shannons, and a jaunty Italian from New York by way of Paterson, N.J., one Vincent Baggetta, turns up."
^Saxon, Wolfgang. "Samm Sinclair Baker, 87, Author Of Dozens of Self-Help Books", The New York Times, March 23, 1997. Accessed September 16, 2015. "He was born in Paterson, N.J., and was a 1929 economics graduate of the University of Pennsylvania."
^Goldrich, Lois. "Barnerts return to Paterson; Reunion will introduce new generation to old city", Jewish Standard, September 28, 2017. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Interestingly, none of the Barnerts on Bill’s email list are direct descendants of Nathan, the larger-than-life figure who came to the United States in 1849, a poor child from Prussia, and established a lucrative silk mill in Paterson. Nathan Barnert won two terms as Paterson’s mayor, and he contributed much of his wealth to establish and support a wide range of charities."
^Staff. "Lawrence Barrett Dead; Pneumonia Fatal After An Illness Of Only Two Days. Swift Progress Of An Attack That At First Seemed Slight – Mrs. Barrett Present At The Last – The Story Of The Actor's Life.", The New York Times, March 21, 1891. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Lawrence Barrett. the son of Thomas Barrett, a poor Irish immigrant, was born at Paterson, N.J., April 4, 1838."
^Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1951, p. 267. Accessed August 14, 2019. "Charles K. Barton, Paterson - Mr. Barton was born August 16, 1886, in Paterson."
^Hoffman, Jan. "Public Lives; Charm at the Top: It Only Looks Easy, Folks", The New York Times, June 2, 1999. Accessed December 19, 2020. "She grew up in Paterson, N.J., where her father practiced law and her mother, who was known professionally in the 1940's as Tippie Taylor, a radio host (but privately as Sylvia Altschuler), encouraged her to be a lawyer."
^Fineman, Mark. "Dalai Lama's Disciples Gather for Peace Prayer Religion: About 150,000 participate in ceremony with the Peace Prize winner.", Los Angeles Times, January 1, 1991. Accessed December 5, 2008.
^Staff. "12 to Watch: Jeffrey Bewkes", TVWeek, January 20, 2008. Accessed September 16, 2015. "Place of birth: Paterson, N.J."
^Van Hook, Alexander Jacob Biegeleisen 1919–2010: Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences, 2014. Accessed April 12, 2021. "Jacob ('Jake') Bigeleisen was born in 1919 in Paterson, New Jersey, of immigrant parents."
^Staff. "Backstreet Takes Music Higher", Contra Costa Times, August 8, 1997. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Heavy R&B group Blackstreet has reached 'Another Level' with its current album. Led by Chauncey 'Black' Hannibal and Teddy 'Street' Riley, Blackstreet, which performs at Saturday's KMEL Summer Jam at the Concord Pavilion, has expanded its stylistic range, tightened its vocal harmonies, and sought new audiences with its second album, 'Another Level.'... Weary of New York, the ace producer/musician moved his family to Virginia Beach about five years ago; Hannibal, from Paterson, NJ, followed."
^Glenn Borgmann, Baseball Almanac. Accessed February 8, 2021. "Born In: Paterson, New Jersey... High School: Eastside High School (Paterson, NJ)"
^Krajicek, David J. "Attacked by the Gang", New York Daily News, October 25, 2008. Accessed September 16, 2015. "On a mild October evening in 1900, a pretty teenager named Jennie Bosschieter walked to a drugstore from her home in Paterson, N.J., to fetch baby powder for an infant niece."
^Bill Braun, racing-reference.info. Accessed March 13, 2012.
^Limnios, Michael. "Pete Bremy: Integrate the Groove", Blues.gr, December 11, 2013. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born in Paterson, New Jersey, Pete Bremy started singing about the age of 4."
^"Assassin's lot fell upon anarchist here; Gaetano Bresci, the King's Murderer, Lived in Paterson. Was in America six years his identity established, and his membership in an Italian Anarchistic Group in the New Jersey Town.", The New York Times, July 31, 1900. Accessed August 12, 2018. "He is Gaetano Bresci, who left Paterson, N.J., in May, and went directly from New York to Europe, having been delegated by an Anarchist group, it is believed, to assassinate the King".
^Idec, Keith. "Tardy Mets might have had Paterson's Briggs", The Record, May 17, 2011. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Johnny Briggs' baseball career might've turned out very different if a Mets scout hadn't arrived late to his house one night in October 1962. Briggs, a former Eastside star, was eager to hear what the newest National League team had to offer. The Mets had just paid another amateur free agent, Ed Kranepool, $85,000 to sign, and the Paterson native was intrigued by the prospect of playing so close to his hometown."
^Picker, David. "Long Climb Pays Off for Jets' Linebacker", The New York Times, December 18, 2004. Accessed November 28, 2007. "Brown, a native of Paterson, N.J., stayed in the area and close to the phone."
^Geeslin, Ned. "Edna Buchanan's Life Is No Day at the Beach—Her Calling Is Miami's Vice", People, January 18, 1988, Vol. 29 No. 2. Accessed September 16, 2015. "Showing no hint of burnout, Buchanan is as excited by an absorbing, grisly crime story today as she was growing up in Paterson, N.J. In those days she would buy all the New York tabloids and read them aloud to her Polish grandmother, who couldn't read English."
^"«I Sopranos? No agli stereotipi ma non facciamone un dramma» – Federico Castelluccio, il Furio Giunta della celebre serie tv, a Toronto per incontrare gli zii", Corriere Canadese, May 11, 2005.
^Jacobs, Charles. "New Jersey Q & A: Frank Catania; A Watchdog for the Casino Industry", The New York Times, February 12, 1995. Accessed August 14, 2019. "Born: Nov. 17, 1941, in Paterson."
^Guglielmo, Jennifer. Living the Revolution: Italian Women's Resistance and Radicalism in New York City, 1880–1945, p. 162. University of North Carolina Press, 2010. ISBN 9780807833568. Accessed December 30, 2017. "Both Italian and American authorities became particularly concerned over Cravello's developing friendship with Ersilia Cavedagni, whom they considered a 'very dangerous anarchist.' of 'limited formal instruction but much audaciousness.'... Cavedagni arrived in Paterson just as Cravello was gaining media attention."
^Nash, Margo. "Memories Linger Of a 'Baaad Boy' From Paterson", The New York Times, March 24, 2002. Accessed December 6, 2016. "ON April 5, 1952, Abbott and Costello came to Paterson for the premiere of their film Jack and the Beanstalk. Klieg lights pierced the sky around the Fabian Theater on Church Street, and fans turned out to see Lou Costello, the star from Paterson who never forgot where he came from."
^"Pat Costello, 87, Brother of Late Comedian, Dies", Los Angeles Times, September 19, 1990. Accessed April 24, 2021. "Pat Costello, the brother of late comedian Lou Costello and a writer and producer of television’s “Abbott & Costello Show,” has died at his Encino home. He was 87.... Born Anthony S. Cristillo on Dec. 10, 1902, in Paterson, N. J., he served in the Navy during World War I."
^"Trading on a great education wp's richard reiss has a conversation with E*TRADE ceo christos cotsakos" Archived March 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, WP: The Magazine of William Paterson University, Fall/Winter 1999. Accessed December 6, 2007. "Born and raised in Paterson, New Jersey, Cotsakos was a 1965 graduate of Eastside High School. He will tell you -- 'barely.'"
^Zimmer, Kenyon. Immigrants against the State: Yiddish and Italian Anarchism in America, p. 66. Accessed December 28, 2017. "However, most of Paterson's anarchist women were like Ernestina Cravello, who before her emigration had a 'good reputation' and was not politically active but who became involved in the anarchist movement as a result of her two brothers' participation."
^DeMasters, Karen. "Hearing the Laughter in Women's Lives", The New York Times, August 1, 1999. Accessed May 1, 2010. "Like Ms. Langan, Ms. Croonquist now lives in Manhattan, but she grew up in Paterson, where she attended Roman Catholic schools from first grade through college."
^Pennington, Bill. "Catching On After a Last Chance; Giants' Cruz Defied Odds at UMass", The New York Times, February 4, 2012. Accessed August 5, 2014. "It was not the first bump in the road Cruz had endured. The son of Blanca Cruz and Michael Walker, a Paterson firefighter, Cruz lived in the city's downtrodden Fourth Ward."
^Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, p. 212. E. J. Mullin, 1977. Accessed August 14, 2019. "Frank Davenport, Rep., Paterson Senator Davenport was born in Paterson March 19, 1912. He attended St. Joseph's High School in Paterson."
^Palmer, Robert. "Anthony Davis‐Explorer in Jazz Piano; Anthony Davis‐ Explorer in Jazz", The New York Times, December 2, 1979. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Though they come from opposite ends of the continent — Mr. Davis was born in Paterson, N.J., while the flutist James Newton is a Californian — the co‐leaders are well matched."
^Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1973, p. 428. J. A. Fitzgerald, 1973. Accessed August 14, 2019. "Richard W. De Korte (Rep., Franklin Lakes) - Assemblyman De Korte was born in Paterson, March 27, 1936."
^Nelson, William. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey: With Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men, p. 144. Everts & Peck, 1882. Accessed December 9, 2016. "In November 1836 he came to Paterson, where he found employment under C.S. Van Wagoner to survey lay out and map the city."
^Bob DeVos, Blues Leaf Records. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Bob DeVos was born Robert Wayne DeVos in Paterson, New Jersey."
^"William L, Dill, Former Jurist, 77; Twice Democratic Candidate for Governor of Jersey Dies -- Served on High Court", The New York Times, January 16, 1952. Accessed August 14, 2019. "Paterson, N. J., Jan. 15 -- William Leslie Dill, a former lay judge on the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals and unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of New Jersey in 1928 and 1934, died last night of a heart ailment at his home, 328 Eighteenth Avenue."
^"Paterson Is Making Move to Honor Doby", The New York Times, June 27, 1997. Accessed January 24, 2012. "Larry Doby was a four-sport star in high school in Paterson, N.J., before going on to break the color barrier in the American League 50 years ago, when he joined the Cleveland Indians."
^Teicher, Adam. "Chiefs report: Fake punt fools KC", Kansas City Star, November 12, 2001. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Rookie defensive tackle Eric Downing, who made his second consecutive start, is from Paterson, NJ, and attended Syracuse University."
^Jackie Dubrovich, Team USA. Accessed July 22, 2019.
^James, George. "In person; Slugging It Out All These Years", The New York Times, June 9, 2002. Accessed January 24, 2012. "Lou Duva grew up the second youngest of seven children in a working-class family in Paterson."
^Randy Edelman, FilmReference.com. Accessed September 27, 2011.
^Launer, Pat. "New Face at the Old Globe", San Diego Jewish Journal, January 31, 2013. Accessed March 19, 2016. "Edelstein (pronounced EH-duhl-steen), was born in Paterson, N.J. He grew up in Fair Lawn, N.J., where he attended Fair Lawn High School and went on to graduate summa cum laude from Tufts University."
^via Associated Press. "On the Road With Cary Edwards", The New York Times, April 25, 1993. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Oakland, N.J. (AP) — W. Cary Edwards, who served more than 30 years in state government, including as attorney general, died Wednesday at his home here.... Mr. Edwards was born July 20, 1944, in Paterson, N.J., and raised in Fair Lawn."
^Cahillane, Kevin. "Worth nothing; White Sox Fans? Say It Ain't So", The New York Times, September 25, 2005. Accessed August 12, 2018. "Mr. Einhorn – who was born and raised in Paterson and lives in Alpine – is the flamboyant yin to the steely yang of the principal owner, Jerry Reinsdorf."
^Staff. "New York Red Bulls sign Brandon Allen, Derrick Etienne as Homegrown Players, now lead MLS with 7 HGPs", Major League Soccer, December 21, 2015. Accessed March 21, 2016. "Etienne, from Paterson, New Jersey, joined the Red Bulls academy as an Under-14 player and advanced through the developmental system."
^Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1960, p. 378. Accessed November 13, 2017. "William W. Evans, Jr. (Rep., Wyckoff) William W. Evans, Jr., was born in Paterson, New Jersey, on May 6, 1921..... He is former Mayor of Wyckoff, New Jersey."
^Muchnic, Suzanne. "Laurie Fendrich - 'Thinking About Art'", Artillery (magazine), November 8, 2016. Accessed October 23, 2018. "Compressing all that in a brief profile is a challenge, but she helps by dismissing most of her early years. 'I don’t have an interesting family story,' says Fendrich, 68, who was born in Paterson, New Jersey."
^Staff. "Passings: Dick Hoerner, John A. Ferraro", Los Angeles Times, December 15, 2010. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Ferraro was born April 5, 1946, in Paterson, N.J., and grew up in Wayne, N.J."
^"Obituaries", The Standard-Times (New Bedford), October 6, 1999. Accessed October 10, 2017. "Fox was born in Paterson, N.J., and moved to Boston when he was young."
^Staff. A Community Of Scholars: The Institute for Advanced Study Faculty and Members 1930–1980, p. 174. Institute for Advanced Study, 1980. Accessed November 20, 2015. "Gelbart, Abe 47–48 M Born 1911 Paterson, NJ."
^Hampton, Wilborn. "Allen Ginsberg, Master Poet Of Beat Generation, Dies at 70", The New York Times, April 6, 1997. Accessed January 24, 2012. "Allen Ginsberg was born on June 3, 1926, in Newark and grew up in Paterson, N.J., the second son of Louis Ginsberg, a schoolteacher, and sometime poet, and the former Naomi Levy, a Russian emigree and fervent Marxist."
^Bios: Teresa Giudice Archived June 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Bravo. Accessed July 4, 2013. "She grew up in Paterson, New Jersey, where she met her husband of more than ten years, Joe."
^Revolutionary War Sites in Paterson, New Jersey, Revolutionary War New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2017. "In memory of Abraham Godwin. Pioneer of Paterson"
^ abStauffer, David McNeely. American Engravers Upon Copper and Steel: Biographical sketches, illustrated. Index to engravings described with check-list numbers and names of engravers and artists, p. 107. Grolier Club of the City of New York, 1907. Accessed September 6, 2017. "Godwin, Abraham – Born in what is now Paterson, N.J., July 16, 1763; died there Oct. 5, 1835; he was the son of Abraham Godwin and Phebe Cool.... He was the father of the late editor and author. Parke Godwin. who was born in Paterson, N.J., in 1816."
^Thompson, David M. A history of harmonic theory in the United States, p. 37. Kent State University Press, 1980. ISBN 9780873382465. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Born in 1853 in Paterson, New Jersey, Percy Goetschius showed an early aptitude for music."
^Allee, Rod. "The soul of an artist; Creativity helps Paterson native cope with wife's death", The Record, January 14, 2000. Accessed May 20, 2021, via Newspapers.com. "Shotsie is an only child of 48 years. He grew up in Peterson's Brook Sloate housing project and in an apartment near it."
^Rosenberg, Carol via The Miami Herald. "Bill Haast dies at 100; snakes were the charm for south Florida celebrity: At a Florida roadside attraction, Bill Haast extracted venom for paying customers. His wife says he survived 172 venomous snakebites and donated blood to 21 snakebite victims. 'I could become a poster boy for the benefits of venom,' he said.", Los Angeles Times, June 21, 2011. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Born William E. Haast on Dec. 30, 1910, in Paterson, N.J., he became a south Florida celebrity for surviving successive venomous snakebites."
^Kihss, Peter. "Malcolm X Shot to Death at Rally Here: Three Other Negroes Wounded - One is Held in Killing", The New York Times, February 22, 1965. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Records of the Federal Bureau of Investigation showed that Hagan's real name is Talmadge Hayer, the police said this morning. He was booked as Thomas Hagan. The F.B.I. records showed that the suspect's address was 347 Marshall Street, Paterson, N.J."
^Baenen, Jeff. "Not your average Joe: Haj makes Guthrie directing debut", Associated Press, January 20, 2016. Accessed October 8, 2018. "'Our work needs to reflect the broadness of this nation,' said Haj, an Arab-American who was born to Palestinian immigrant parents in Paterson, New Jersey, and grew up in Miami."
^Alexander Hamilton , Paterson Friends of the Great Falls. Accessed May 3, 2015.
^Derrough, Leslie Michele. "Jon Herington – Steely Dan’S Lead Guitarist", Glide Magazine, June 24, 2013. Accessed August 11, 2019. "I was born in North Jersey in a town called Paterson but really grew up on the Jersey Shore in a town called West Long Branch, New Jersey."
^Blumenthal, Ralph."Philharmonic Gets Diary Of a Savvy Music Man", The New York Times, July 29, 2002. Accessed January 24, 2012. "Hill played violin with the orchestra until he was over 70, then fell into poverty and depression. In 1875, living in Paterson, N.J., he wrote a farewell note to his second wife: 'Why should or how can a man exist and be powerless to earn means for his family?'"
^Staff. "Garret A. Hobart: The Vice-President Dies of Angina Pectoris Funeral To Be Held At Paterson Saturday The End Come Yesterday Morning—President Mckinley Issues a Proclamation — Arrangements for the Funeral Mr. Hobart's Career", Hartford Courant, November 22, 1899. Accessed September 4, 2011. "Paterson, N. J., Nov. 21. – Garret A. Hobart, vice-president of the United States, died of angina pectoris at 8:30 o'clock this morning at his home in this city."
^Silversey, Dylon. "Paterson's Holt gets back into title picture with knockout victory", NJ.com, May 14, 2011. Accessed December 13, 2013. "Former NABO & WBO champion and Paterson native Kendall 'Rated R' Holt returned to his previously highly regarded form on Friday night, knocking out the former champion Julio Diaz (38–7 27KO), in the main event on ESPN's Friday Night Fights."
^via Associated Press. "Paterson native Michael Hossack, drummer for Doobie Brothers, dies", The Record, March 13, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2012.
^Hyman, Vicki. "'The Shield' actor, Paterson native Michael Jace accused of murdering wife", The Star-Ledger, May 20, 2014. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Actor Michael Jace, a Paterson native best known for playing a moral Los Angeles police officer in a corrupt unit on FX's trailblazing "The Shield," has been arrested in Los Angeles for alleging shooting his wife to death Monday night, the Los Angeles Times reports."
^"Ameer Jackson's Basketball Journey". Pro Ballers.
^Kirsner, Joseph B. "Friedenwald Presentation to Henry David Janowitz, M.D.", Gastroenterology, Vol. 87, No. 4. ISSN 0016-5085. Accessed August 29, 2019. "Henry David Janowitz was born March 23, 1915, in Paterson, New Jersey."
^Heise, Kenan. "U. of C. Sociology Prof Morris Janowitz, 69", Chicago Tribune, November 8, 1988. Accessed October 18, 2020. "A native of Paterson, N.J., Mr. Janowitz received his bachelor's degree from Washington Square College, part of New York University."
^Saxon, Wolfgang. "Charles S. Joelson, 83, Congressman Who Saved School Libraries", The New York Times, August 21, 1999. Accessed December 3, 2017. "A native of Paterson, Charles Joelson graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1937 from Cornell University, where he also received his law degree in 1939. He practiced law in Paterson until 1961, with time out for service as an ensign in the Navy's intelligence service in the Far East during World War II. He served on the Paterson City Council in the early 1950s and then as a 'racket-busting' Deputy Attorney General of New Jersey."
^Ubha, Ravi. "Johnson finds a home with the M.K. Dons", ESPNsoccernet, April 17, 2008. Accessed December 14, 2008. "Johnson was born in Paterson, N.J., moved to England when he was 5, and can also compete for Jamaica, given his mother's background."
^Berkman, Meredith. "Funky Divas: En Vogue rise to the top – In just two years the group has sold more than two million records", Entertainment Weekly, June 5, 1992. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Maxine Jones, 26. File: The self-described 'moody' member of the group. Bio: Originally from Paterson, NJ, she was 5 when her mother died."
^"How hit show This Is Us is connected to NJ — NO spoilers, scout’s honor!", WKXW, February 23, 2017. Accessed February 17, 2018. "First, the cast includes New Jersey native, Ron Cephas Jones. The Paterson native who plays William (Randall's biological dad) graduated John F. Kennedy High School and then attended Ramapo College in Mahwah. Jones also has had recent roles in Mr. Robot & Luke Cage."
^Staff. "In Pictures: Red Bull Music Academy at Harlem Cafe in Belfast", Belfast Telegraph, March 5, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Joining Kerri was legendary hip hop producer Just Blaze aka Justin Smith from Paterson, NJ. The CEO of Fort Knocks Entertainment is best known for producing hits from Jay-Z's Blueprint, Blueprint 2, and The Black Album."
^Hershey Jr., Robert D. "Alfred E. Kahn Dies at 93; Prime Mover of Airline Deregulation", The New York Times, December 28, 2010. Accessed January 14, 2013. "Alfred Edward Kahn, known as Fred, was born on Oct. 17, 1917, in Paterson, N. J., the son of Russian immigrants, and came of age during the Depression, which prompted his interest in economics."
^Adams, Cindy. "Jon’S Ex Tells All", New York Post, June 6, 2007. Accessed August 11, 2019. "'Look, I’m from Paterson. My father was a factory worker. I thought rich meant having a fence in front of your house.'"
^Roberts, Sam. "Joseph B. Keller, Mathematician With Whimsical Curiosity, Dies at 93", The New York Times, September 16, 2016. Accessed September 19, 2016. "Joseph Bishop Keller was born in Paterson, N.J., on July 31, 1923. His father, Isaac Keiles — whose name, he said, was changed when he arrived in the United States — was a Russian refugee who fled pogroms against Jews.... Joseph Keller competed on the math team at East Side High School in Paterson."
^Gordon, Peter M. King Kelly, Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed August 20, 2014. "Kelly told the story of what happened next in his autobiography, Play Ball, Stories of the Ball Field: 'Ill health compelled my father to leave the army, and we moved to Paterson, N.J.'"
^Staff. "'King' Kelly Dies Of Pneumonia.; The Famous Player's Record on the Baseball Field.", The New York Times, November 9, 1894. Accessed August 12, 2018. "'King' Kelly, as he was dubbed by the occupants of the at baseball games, was born at Troy, N. Y., but when young was taken to Paterson, N. J., where he learned to play baseball."
^James, Randy. "2-Min. Bio: Bernard Kerik", Time November 6, 2009. Accessed May 1, 2010. "Born Sept. 4, 1955, in Newark, N.J., 'Bernie' grew up in a tough neighborhood of Paterson, N.J., a suburb of New York City."
^Flinn, John Joseph; and Wilkie, John Elbert. History of the Chicago Police: From the Settlement of the Community to the Present Time, Under Authority of the Mayor and Superintendent of the Force, p. 489. Police book fund, 1887. Accessed November 12, 2018. "Joseph Kipley, lieutenant in charge of the Thirty-fifth street district, was born in Paterson, New Jersey, on November 24, 1848, and came to Chicago on July 3, 1865."
^Stromberg, Joseph. Gabriel Kolko Revisited, Part 1: Kolko at Home, September 1, 2013. Accessed May 20, 2014. "Born in 1932 in Paterson, NJ, historian Gabriel Kolko..."
^"The Path of No Resistance with Garret Kramer", DrKevinPecca.com, October 30, 2017. Accessed December 3, 2017. "[Q] Garret, where are you from? [A] I was born in Paterson, New Jersey. I grew up in Clifton, New Jersey. I was into playing hockey, pretty much that’s what I was into."
^"Col. Vincent Kramer, decorated Marine veteran", New Jersey Hills, October 11, 2001. Accessed June 29, 2020. "Vincent R. Kramer, 83, of the Basking Ridge section of Bernards Township, died on Monday, Sept. 17, 2001, at Morris Hills Multicare Center in Morristown. Born in Paterson, he attended the Bordentown Military Institute and Rutgers College under football scholarships."
^Robinson, Dale; and Fernandes, David. The Definitive Andy Griffith Show Reference: Episode-by-Episode, with Cast and Production Biographies and a Guide to Collectibles, p. 115. McFarland & Company, 2012. ISBN 9781476601878. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Sue Ane Langdon portrays Mary Simpson in this episode. Langdon was born in Paterson, New Jersey."
^Senator Lautenberg's Biography Archived August 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, United States Senate. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Senator Lautenberg was born in Paterson, New Jersey, the son of Polish and Russian immigrants who came to the United States through Ellis Island. His early life was unsettled as his parents moved about a dozen times while struggling to support the family."
^Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, State of New Jersey, 2000, p. 517. E. J. Mullin, 2000. Accessed September 18, 2019. "Justice LaVecchia was born in Paterson on October 6, 1954."
^Leal, John L. (1909). "The Sterilization Plant of the Jersey City Water Supply Company at Boonton, N.J." Proceedings American Water Works Association. pp. 100–9.
^Holden, Stephen. "Pop/Jazz; A Musician Follows His Idol", The New York Times, August 14, 1987. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Five nights a week, Mr. Levinsky leads a hand-picked ensemble of 14 alumni from Benny Goodman's big band in classic arrangements created over three decades. To top it off, he gets to play many of the Goodman clarinet solos he learned by heart when he was a child growing up in Paterson, N.J."
^Limnios, Michael. "Son Lewis: Silky Soul Bluesman", Blues Network, February 22, 2013. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Son (born Andrew Lewis, December 11, 1951, Paterson, New Jersey) was influenced greatly by artists such as Robert Johnson, Otis Rush, and Hubert Sumlin (who he had the pleasure of accompanying in December 2006)."
^Martin, Douglas. "Edward L. Masry, 73, Pugnacious Lawyer, Dies", The New York Times, December 8, 2005. Accessed December 8, 2007. "Edward L. Masry was born in Paterson, N.J., on July 29, 1932. His parents started a silk apparel business, but when silk import tariffs were lifted, the business faltered. The family then headed for California."
^Woo, Elaine. "Obituaries; Don Martin; Cartoonist Exemplified Mad Magazine in Sight and Sound", Los Angeles Times, January 8, 2000. Accessed January 2, 2011. "Born in Paterson, N.J., Martin showed an early talent for drawing."
^Jones, Ken D.; McClure, Arthur F.; Womey, Alfred E. Character People, p. 135. A. S. Barnes, 1976. ISBN 9780498016974. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Edward McNamara 1887-1944 Edward McNamara was born in Paterson, New Jersey. He became a policeman in that city, but he had a voice with lots of promise and was sent to the School of Music at the University of Michigan...."
^via Associated Press. "George Middleton A Playwright, 87; Former Head of Dramatists' Guild, 87, Is Dead", The New York Times, December 24, 1967. March 13, 2012. "Mr. Middleton was born in Paterson, N.J., on Oct. 27, 1880."
^Susan Misner, Playbill. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Born: Feb 8, 1971 In Paterson, NJ, USA"
^Teachout, Terry. "Pop/Jazz; Too Cool to Cash In, Favorite of the Few", The New York Times, December 21, 1997. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Time was when famous musicians spoke with awe of Joe Mooney, the blind jazz singer and accordionist from Paterson, N.J., who died in 1975. Frank Sinatra, not a man to toss around superlatives casually, called him 'the best.'"
^Saxon, Wolfgang. "P. Mussen, 78; Wrote Texts On Psychology", The New York Times, July 16, 2000. Accessed November 14, 2020. "Paul Mussen was born in Paterson, N.J., and graduated in 1942 from Stanford University, where he received an M.A. degree in 1943."
^Kenny Parker, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed May 27, 2020. "Born: July 22, 1946 (Age: 73-310d) in Paterson, NJ... High School: Eastside (NJ)"
^Parrillo, Vincent N.Diversity in America, p. 15. Pine Forge Press, 2009. ISBN 9781412956376. Accessed August 28, 2019. "We lived on the northern edge of Paterson in a neighborhood that straddled a tight-knit Dutch community on one side and a mixed second-generation German / Italian / Polish neighborhood on the other."
^Simon Perchik, Asheville Poetry Review. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Simon Perchik was born in Paterson, New Jersey in 1923 and made his living as an attorney in New York."
^Span, Paula. "The FBI's Veiled Threat: Joseph Pistone Spent Six Years Inside the Mafia and Lived to Tell the Tale", The Washington Post, February 28, 1997. Accessed March 13, 2012. "And Pistone had always seen himself as a good guy. He grew up in working-class Paterson, N.J., which proved helpful in his subsequent career."
^Kang, Cecilia. "Robert Pitofsky, Champion of Consumer Protection, Dies at 88", The New York Times, October 11, 2018. Accessed April 15, 2021. "Robert Pitofsky was born in Paterson, N.J., on Dec. 27, 1929, to Morris and Sadye Pitofsky. His father fixed textile looms, and his mother sold dresses."
^Staff. "Jazz notes: Roseanna Vitro in New Brunswick; Bucky Pizzarelli in Madison; Michele Rosewoman in Montclair", The Star-Ledger, January 10, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Guitarist and Paterson native Bucky Pizzarelli turned 86 yesterday, and fans and friends will gather several times this month to celebrate his timeless, bright, and swinging style."
^ abcRipmaster, Terence. Mel Bay presents Bucky Pizzarelli: a life in music, p. 31. Mel Bay Publications, 1998. ISBN 0-7866-3315-8. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Even with his busy and successful career, Bucky never forgot his roots in Paterson. His sons, John and Martin, are still listed in Paterson's #248 American Federation of Musicians Directory."
^Wilkins, Tim. "Jazz bits: John Pizzarelli and Grover Kemble", The Star-Ledger, September 27, 2011. Accessed March 13, 2012. "In the '80s, John Pizzarelli was a guitar-toting kid from Paterson and Grover Kemble was a wisecracking Jersey songsmith with stints in Sha Na Na and Za Zu Zaz under his belt."
^via Associated Press. "Dave Prater, 50, Dies; Soul Singer of the 60's", The New York Times, April 13, 1988. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Dave Prater Sr., of the soul-singing duo Sam and Dave, was killed Saturday when the car he was driving went off Interstate 75 near Sycamore, Ga., and hit a tree. He was 50 years old. Mr. Prater had lived in Paterson since 1974 and his body will be returned to New Jersey for burial next week, his widow, Rosemary, said Monday."
^Kaltenbach, Chris. "The four pillars of Hollywood's house of horrors ; Critical Eye", The Baltimore Sun, October 30, 2005. Accessed March 13, 2012. "...the 'human worm', Prince Randian lived in Paterson, NJ, with his wife and five children..."
^"Passings; Zoogz Rift", Los Angeles Times, March 31, 2011. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Rift was born Robert Pawlikowski on July 10, 1953, in Paterson, N.J., but grew up in Parsippany, N.J."
^Staff. "George Rochberg, Composer, Dies at 86", The New York Times, June 1, 2005. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Mr. Rochberg was born in Paterson, N.J., on July 5, 1918."
^Frederick Reines: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1995 – Autobiography, Nobel Prize Organization. Accessed April 5, 2007.
^Dominguez, Robert; with Hinckley, David. "Frankie Ruiz, Salsa Singer, Dead At 40", New York Daily News, August 11, 1998. Accessed November 14, 2011. "Born in Paterson, N.J., Ruiz spent his childhood in Puerto Rico and was singing professionally with Orquesta La Solucion by the time he was a teenager."
^Staff. "He Died In England.; Career Of John Ryle, The Paterson Silk Manufacturer.", The New York Times, November 17, 1887. Accessed March 13, 2012. "John Ryle, formerly Mayor of Paterson, N.J., and known throughout the United States as the 'Father of the Silk Industry in America,' has just died in Macclesfield, England."
^Danforth Public Library[permanent dead link], Paterson Arts Council. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Paterson adopted a free library law in 1885 and opened the first public library in the State of New Jersey in 1886. By 1888, having outgrown the Stimson House on Church Street, Mary Danforth Ryle donated her father's residence for a new library."
^The ASCAP Foundation Announces Recipients of 2012 Morton Gould Young Composer Awards, ASCAP, April 6, 2012. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Kathryn Salfelder of Fairlawn, NJ (Paterson, NJ)"
^Bishop Nicholas Samra, St. John the Baptist Melkite Catholic Church. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born and raised in Paterson, New Jersey, seminary educated in Massachusetts, Bishop Nicholas Samra was ordained a priest in 1970."
^Staff. "Paterson's Olympic Day.; Jersey Town Welcomes Her Athletes Who Completed at Stockholm.", The New York Times, August 1, 1912. Accessed April 13, 2013. "The Paterson 'boys,' Strobino, Scott, Hellawell, and Mueller, who competed for Uncle Sam at the Olympic games in Sweden, and who returned to this country on the Vaderland early this morning, got a rousing reception in this city later in the day, when a parade through the principal streets of Paterson was held in their honor."
^Idec, Keith. "Sheika: Winning a belt means the world to me", Herald News, September 3, 2005. Accessed March 20, 2021, via Newspapers.com. "Paterson native and West Paterson resident Omar Sheika will challenge World Boxing Council super middleweight champion Markus Beyer tonight at the ICC in Berlin."
^Marcel Shipp player profile, National Football League Players Association. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Hometown: Paterson, N.J. Played one year of prep football at Milford (Conn.) Academy and was all-New Jersey choice as a senior at Passaic County Technical High School."
^"About | Rocco Silano". roccosilano.com. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
^Roberts, Jeff. "Intriguing People: Dave Sime", The Record, April 25, 2010. Accessed June 25, 2013. "This was the moment that changed everything for the Paterson-born, Fair Lawn-bred Sime."
^Staff. "West Wing's Leo dies at age of 58: John Spencer displays his Emmy for outstanding supporting actor in 2002Spencer was a familiar face on US television showsJohn Spencer, the actor who plays politician Leo McGarry in NBC television's The West Wing, has died of a heart attack at 58.", BBC News, December 17, 2005. Accessed March 13, 2012. "John Spencer grew up in Paterson, New Jersey, the son of working-class parents, and he studied at the Professional Children's School in Manhattan."
^Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1977, p. 255. E. J. Mullin, 1977. Accessed July 18, 2019. "John A. Spizziri, Rep., Franklin Lakes - Assemblyman Spizziri was born in Paterson Sept. 2, 1934. He was first elected to the Wyckoff Township Committee in 1966, and served as road commissioner."
^Stern, William Louis (1926-), JSTOR. Accessed November 10, 2021. "U.S. botanist specialising in wood and orchid anatomy. Bill Stern (as he was known) was born and grew up in Paterson, New Jersey, where he concentrated on agricultural subjects in his later years at school."
^The Lewis Stimson, MD (1844–1917) Papers, Weill Cornell Library. Accessed December 22, 2017. "Lewis Atterbury Stimson was born August 24, 1844, in Paterson, New Jersey, the second son of Henry Clark and Julia Atterbury Stimson. He was educated in the Paterson schools and at Yale College from which he graduated in 1863."
^Amy, Jeanne. "'Babylon 5' creator speaks about failure, future of media at MIT", The Observer-Dispatch, May 25, 2009. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Straczynski comes from Paterson, N.J., where people grew up to work at gas stations and supermarkets, not to become writers, he said. He pushed himself as those around him told him he could never make it as a writer."
^Gustines, George Gene. "'Tired of Running': A Sci-Fi Veteran Tells His Own (Earthling) Story In Becoming Superman,; J. Michael Straczynski chronicles a life that was dominated early on by dysfunction and later by success that came with its own tensions.", The New York Times, July 20, 2019. Accessed July 21, 2019. "The context that he describes in his book is upsetting. Straczynski was born in Paterson, N.J., but his family moved frequently (21 times in 19 years)."
^Routhier, Jessica Skwire. "Fellow Journeyers Walt Whitman and Jesse Talbot: Painting, Poetry, and Puffery in 1850s New York, p. 13 in Walt Whitman Quarterly Review, Volume 38, Number 1. Accessed September 16, 2020. "In 1844 Talbot moved to Paterson, New Jersey, an industrial town about twenty miles outside of Manhattan, situated on the falls of the Passaic River."
^Kazbek Tambi, Seton Hall Pirates. Accessed May 30, 2015. "A native of Paterson, N.J., he earned his law degree from Seton Hall University Law School in 1990."
^Staff. "Typists to Demonstrate Speed", The New York Times, October 7, 1928. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Albert Tangora of Paterson, N. J, and Irma Wright of Toronto, Canada, new professional and amateur typing champions, will give demonstrations at the National Business Show which opens in Madison Square Garden..."
^Sandomir, Richard. "Joe Taub, Basketball Fan Who Became Part Owner of the Nets, Dies at 88", The New York Times, November 5, 2017. Accessed November 20, 2017. "Joseph Albert Taub was born in Paterson, N.J., on May 29, 1929.... Mr. Taub played forward on the basketball team at Eastside High School, in Paterson, and attended Rutgers University but did not graduate."
^Popper, Steve. "Pro Basketball; Marbury and Tim Thomas Connect in Victory", The New York Times, March 4, 2004. Accessed September 4, 2011. "One would like to believe that the play had been rehearsed on playgrounds and in gyms when they were younger. Stephon Marbury and Tim Thomas, one from Brooklyn, the other from Paterson, N.J., grew up playing together on all-star teams and in tournaments."
^NBA.com: Tim Thomas Bio Page Archived April 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Accessed June 30, 2010. "Hails from Paterson, New Jersey."
^Lancifer, Unkle. "Dante Tomaselli :: The Kindertrauma Interview", Kindertrauma, February 14, 2011. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Unforgettable. I grew up on Alice, Sweet Alice... originally titled Communion. It made its world premiere in 1976 in Paterson. All my relatives were there. Many were extras in the movie. My Aunt Matilda stands out in the funeral scene. Both of my grandmothers were from Paterson and I was born in Paterson General Hospital."
^Sammy Turner, Black Cat Rockabilly. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Born into a musical and religious family, Sammy Turner sang in the church choir in his hometown of Paterson, NJ, from an early age."
^"John Michael Kohler Arts Center presents Gregory Van Maanen: A World We Cannot See - Through painting, Vietnam vet created a diary of pain and healing", John Michael Kohler Arts Center, August 8, 2016. Accessed November 5, 2018. "In 2007, Van Maanen decided to move on from the Paterson, New Jersey, apartment that had sheltered him for nearly a quarter-century."
^Quintanilla, Michael. "enfoque; Elizabeth Vargas", San Antonio Express-News, January 26, 2006. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Vargas, a woman in a field with so few Latinos, was born in Paterson, N.J., to a Puerto Rican U.S. Army captain and his Irish American wife."
^Rohan, Virginia. "Former Paterson resident is man behind the lines at the Oscars", The Record, March 7, 2010. Accessed December 31, 2012. "And Bruce Vilanch will jump right on it. 'The only really spontaneous parts of the show are the winners. Everything else is scripted. And so, unless somebody else goes off script, we know what everybody else is saying,' says Vilanch, a former Patersonian, who has written for the Oscars for the past 21 years."
^Weber, Bruce. "Theater Review; A Human Pez Dispenser Of Jokes and One-Liners", The New York Times, May 16, 2000. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Mr. Vilanch's show is organized along vaguely autobiographical lines. Against a backdrop of pastel-colored T-shirts pinned to the wall, many of them in children's sizes -- Michael Jackson's laundry, he explains -- he speaks about growing up as an ungainly boy in Paterson, N.J.; doing some modeling (for Lane Bryant) and acting; and his early career as a journalist in Chicago, where he met Ms. Midler 30 years ago while writing about her nightclub show."
^Hermann, Andy. "Jerry Vivino Coast To Coast", DownBeat, November 2018. Accessed August 11, 2019. "Most people don’t think of Paterson, New Jersey, as a great jazz town, but maybe they should. Native son Jerry Vivino certainly makes a case for it by teaming with fellow Patersonians Bucky and Martin Pizzarelli, who provide many of the highlights on the veteran reedsman’s fifth solo album."
^La Gorce, Tammy. "New Brunswick Still Loves the Lads From Liverpool ", The New York Times, August 12, 2007. Accessed March 13, 2012. "Local boosterism could also be at work. 'Two of the guys are from Jersey,' Mr. Korin said, including Mr. Vivino, a Paterson native whose brother Floyd Vivino is better known to state residents as TV's 'Uncle Floyd.'"
^Staff. "The Break Presents: Fetty Wap", XXL, November 18, 2014. Accessed March 3, 2015. "However, it's definitely been a minute since the last Jersey MC popped off. Now, 24-year-old Paterson, NJ native Fetty Wap is trying to put the state back on the map with his buzzing record, Trap Queen."
^Staff. "Watkins will play more, McNeil less as SU center", Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, January 22, 2004. Accessed March 13, 2012. "The 6–11 Watkins is a highly promoted center from Paterson, N.J., where he averaged 16 points, 11 rebounds, and 6 blocks last season to help Paterson Catholic to a 22–5 record."
^Yannis, Alex. "Hockey; The Devils, And Fans, Ignite First Match", The New York Times, October 8, 1995. Accessed January 27, 2012. "Moments after the banner was raised, Patrick Warburton, the actor who portrayed a fanatic Devils' fan in a segment of the Seinfeld television show, was called upon to drop the puck. With his face painted in Devils red and black, the native of nearby Paterson dropped the puck, then stripped the Brodeur jersey he was wearing to display the letter D on his chest."
^Staff. Different tune for Miss America", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 8, 2013. Accessed August 5, 2014. "Bernie Wayne, who grew up in Paterson, was a prolific composer and came up with the "There She Is" while getting a haircut in 1954."
^Staff. A Community Of Scholars: The Institute for Advanced Study Faculty and Members 1930–1980, p. 429. Institute for Advanced Study, 1980. Accessed November 22, 2015. "Weber, Joseph 55f, 62–63, 69–70 M(NS), Physics Born 1919 Paterson, NJ."
^Staff. "Bert Wheeler, Vaudeville Comic With Rubbery Face, Dead at 72; His Over 50-Year Career in Show Business Spanned Films, the Follies and TV", The New York Times, January 19, 1968. Accessed March 13, 2012. "'I'll tell you a secret,' he said when he was 64 years old. 'I'm just as ambitious and stage-struck as when I was a kid in Paterson, New Jersey. Nothing has changed.'"
^Devine, Elizabeth; and Turner, Roland. The Annual Obituary 1983, p. 91. St. James, 1983. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Alice White - Film Actress Born Paterson, New Jersey, USA, August 28th, 1907 Died Hollywood Hills, California, USA. February 19th, 1983"
^Reed, Tom. "K'Waun Williams could become integral member of burgeoning Browns' secondary, provided he stays healthy", The Plain Dealer, June 3, 2015. Accessed August 12, 2015. ""'You have to play with a chip on your shoulder,' said the Paterson, New Jersey native who grew up on the same street as Giants receiver Victor Cruz."
^William Carlos Williams, Poets.org. Accessed August 5, 2014.
^Hyman, Vicki. 'Why a kid from Paterson is telling A Bronx Tale on Broadway", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 4, 2016. Accessed October 8, 2018. "Jerry Zaks is slumped on a banquette in a rear lounge of the Longacre Theatre, two weeks before the Dec. 1 opening curtain for the new musical A Bronx Tale.... 'This is the most intense moment just before we freeze the show,' sighs the 70-year-old Paterson native, his shock of white hair standing on end as he scrolls up and down through his production notes on an iPad."
^Oliver, Willard M.; and Marion, Nancy E. Killing the President: Assassinations, Attempts, and Rumored Attempts on U.S. Commanders-in-chief, p. 90. ABC-CLIO, 2010. ISBN 9780313364747. Accessed July 22, 2015. "Giuseppe Zangara was born in Ferruzzano, Calabria, Italy. In the United States, Zangara settled in Paterson, New Jersey, and on September 11, 1929, became a naturalized citizen."
^Suderman, Alan. "The Weed Candidate", Washington City Paper, March 6, 2013. Accessed August 6, 2014. "The son of a self-taught musician who was a big wheel on the bar mitzvah and Jewish wedding circuit in Paterson, N.J., Zukerberg moved to D.C. 30 years ago to go to law school at American University."
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paterson, New Jersey.
Paterson, New Jersey: America's Silk City, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan
Working in Paterson: Occupational Heritage in an Urban Setting An ethnographic study from the Library of Congress. Oral history interviews and photographs from a study of working life in Paterson conducted in 1994. Accessed August 28, 2009.