Metropolitan of Karlovci

Pavle Nenadović
Pavle Nenadović.jpg
Oil painting by Teodor Kračun.
ChurchSerbian Orthodox Church
ProvinceMilitary Frontier, Austrian Empire
MetropolisSremski Karlovci
Installed1749
Term ended1768
PredecessorIsaija II
SuccessorJovan Đorđević
Personal details
Born14 January 1703
Budim, Habsburg Monarchy
(modern Hungary)
Died15 August 1768 (aged 65)
Habsburg Monarchy
DenominationEastern Orthodox

Pavle Nenadović (Serbian Cyrillic: Павле Ненадовић, pronounced [pâːʋle nenǎːdoʋit͡ɕ]; 1703–1768) was the Serbian Orthodox Archbishop and Metropolitan of Karlovci from 1749 to 1768.[1]

Biography

Pavle Nenadović was born on 14 January 1703 in Budim, Hungary. At the age of eighteen, he was employed as a clerk in the Budim Magistrates Office. He became a Serbian Orthodox cleric in 1726, after which he took monastic vows in the Rakovac Monastery. In 1737, Serbian Patriarch Arsenije IV appointed Pavle as his general exarch, and in 1742 the patriarch appointed him as the bishop of the Eparchy of upper Karlovac.

Arsenije IV also commissioned Pavle Nenadović, a cleric who was by then well-known as a poet, to compose a heraldic handbook, Stemmatographia (meaning "the drawing of ancestry" in Greek). This heraldic album was modelled after a book of the same title on Slavonic heraldic bearings, engraved in 1701 by Croatian poet Pavao Ritter Vitezović (who modelled his Stemmatographia after an older version of Slavic heraldry composed by Mavro Orbini). Arsenije IV's Stemmatographia was perceived by some as an illustrated political programme that was supposed to act both as a verification of the Serbian historical past and as a clear geopolitical statement of the lands belonging to the Serbs in the Balkans. His intention, however, was educational, and for this work he hired three people: Hristofor Zhefarovich originally from Dojran as an artist; German-born Thomas Mesmer as an engraver; and clergyman Pavle Nenadović as a poet.

In 1748, Pavle Nenadović was elected Bishop of Arad, but shortly after the death of metropolitan Isaija Antonović he was chosen to succeed him as new metropolitan of Karlovci in 1749. He worked on the promotion of culture and education of the Serbs in the Habsburg Monarchy. A result of his work was a significant increase of interest in science and literature among the Serbs. Metropolitan Pavle fought against the conversion of Serbs in Croatia and Romanians in Transilvania into Uniates. He died on 15 August 1768.[2]

Legacy

He is included in The 100 most prominent Serbs.

See also

References

  1. ^ Вуковић 1996, pp. 384-387.
  2. ^ "Епископ Павле Ненадовић" (in Serbian). Eparchy of upper Karlovac

Sources

  • Bataković, Dušan T., ed. (2005). Histoire du peuple serbe [History of the Serbian People] (in French). Lausanne: L’Age d’Homme.
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Đorđević, Miloš Z. (2010). "A Background to Serbian Culture and Education in the First Half of the 18th Century according to Serbian Historiographical Sources". Empires and Peninsulas: Southeastern Europe between Karlowitz and the Peace of Adrianople, 1699–1829. Berlin: LIT Verlag. pp. 125–131.
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books.
  • Пузовић, Предраг (2014). "Рад митрополита Павла Ненадовића на просвећивању свештенства и народа (Work of the Metropolitan Pavle Nenadović on the education of priesthood and common people)". Три века Карловачке митрополије 1713-2013 (PDF). Сремски Карловци-Нови Сад: Епархија сремска, Филозофски факултет. pp. 166–177.
  • Todorović, Jelena (2006). An Orthodox Festival Book in the Habsburg Empire: Zaharija Orfelin's Festive Greeting to Mojsej Putnik (1757). Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Београд: Евро.
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Isaija II
Metropolitan of Karlovci
1749–1768
Succeeded by
Jovan Đorđević