Pend Oreille County, Washington

Summary

Pend Oreille County (/ˌpɒndəˈr/ POND-ə-RAY) is a county located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Washington, along the Canada–US border. As of the 2020 census, the population was 13,401.[1] The county seat and largest city is Newport.[2] The county was created out of Stevens County on March 1, 1911.[3] It is the most recently formed of the state's 39 counties. It is named after the Pend d'Oreilles tribe, who in turn were ostensibly named for large shell earrings that members wore. ("Pend d'oreille", while awkward in French, could be translated as "hangs from the ear".)

Pend Oreille County
Pend Oreille County Courthouse (September 2014)
Pend Oreille County Courthouse (September 2014)
Map of Washington highlighting Pend Oreille County
Location within the U.S. state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°32′N 117°17′W / 48.53°N 117.28°W / 48.53; -117.28
Country United States
State Washington
FoundedMarch 1, 1911
Named forPend d'Oreilles people
SeatNewport
Largest cityNewport
Area
 • Total1,425 sq mi (3,690 km2)
 • Land1,400 sq mi (4,000 km2)
 • Water25 sq mi (60 km2)  1.8%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total13,401
 • Estimate 
(2021)
13,886 Increase
 • Density9.3/sq mi (3.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Congressional district5th
Websitewww.pendoreilleco.org

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,425 square miles (3,690 km2), of which 1,400 square miles (3,600 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (1.8%) is water.[4]

HighwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19206,363
19307,15512.4%
19407,1560.0%
19507,4133.6%
19606,914−6.7%
19706,025−12.9%
19808,58042.4%
19908,9153.9%
200011,73231.6%
201013,00110.8%
202013,4013.1%
2021 (est.)13,886[5]3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 11,732 people, 4,639 households, and 3,261 families in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km2). There were 6,608 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.53% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 2.88% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.1% were of German, 13.2% English, 10.2% United States or American, 9,2% Irish and 5.7% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 4,639 households, out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 26.30% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 29.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,677, and the median income for a family was $36,977. Males had a median income of $36,951 versus $20,693 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,731. About 13.60% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.60% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 13,001 people, 5,479 households, and 3,628 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 9.3 inhabitants per square mile (3.6/km2). There were 7,936 housing units at an average density of 5.7 per square mile (2.2/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 91.6% Caucasian, 3.8% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.7% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry,[13]

Of the 5,479 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families, and 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 47.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,896 and the median income for a family was $46,971. Males had a median income of $45,728 versus $26,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,546. About 13.6% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.[14]

CommunitiesEdit

 
Pend Oreille County Historical Museum, Newport

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

United States presidential election results for Pend Oreille County, Washington[16][17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,728 66.97% 2,593 30.32% 232 2.71%
2016 4,373 62.33% 1,934 27.57% 709 10.11%
2012 3,952 58.56% 2,508 37.16% 289 4.28%
2008 3,717 56.28% 2,562 38.79% 326 4.94%
2004 3,693 59.58% 2,310 37.27% 195 3.15%
2000 3,076 56.56% 1,973 36.28% 389 7.15%
1996 2,012 40.27% 2,126 42.55% 858 17.17%
1992 1,528 32.40% 1,798 38.13% 1,390 29.47%
1988 1,802 47.50% 1,925 50.74% 67 1.77%
1984 2,374 58.26% 1,655 40.61% 46 1.13%
1980 2,136 55.70% 1,399 36.48% 300 7.82%
1976 1,516 47.82% 1,533 48.36% 121 3.82%
1972 1,746 59.57% 1,071 36.54% 114 3.89%
1968 1,117 41.16% 1,350 49.74% 247 9.10%
1964 985 33.22% 1,978 66.71% 2 0.07%
1960 1,305 44.19% 1,641 55.57% 7 0.24%
1956 1,488 49.09% 1,540 50.81% 3 0.10%
1952 1,566 52.87% 1,380 46.59% 16 0.54%
1948 1,009 39.31% 1,465 57.07% 93 3.62%
1944 1,052 42.90% 1,385 56.48% 15 0.61%
1940 1,268 40.94% 1,812 58.51% 17 0.55%
1936 813 28.28% 1,903 66.19% 159 5.53%
1932 855 30.97% 1,772 64.18% 134 4.85%
1928 1,206 59.58% 793 39.18% 25 1.24%
1924 1,025 51.05% 231 11.50% 752 37.45%
1920 1,079 54.30% 651 32.76% 257 12.93%
1916 916 43.21% 1,080 50.94% 124 5.85%
1912 305 14.57% 747 35.67% 1,042 49.76%


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  12. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  14. ^ Pend Oreille County WA Google Maps (accessed October 21, 2018)
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 716 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 288 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 32 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 6 votes.

Coordinates: 48°32′N 117°17′W / 48.53°N 117.28°W / 48.53; -117.28