Peneleos

Summary

In Greek mythology, Peneleos[pronunciation?] (Ancient Greek: Πηνελέως Pēneléōs) or, less commonly, Peneleus (Πηνέλεος Pēnéleos), son of Hippalcimus (Hippalmus) and Asterope,[1][2] was an Achaean soldier in the Trojan War.

Mythology

Before the war began he was said to have sailed with the Argonauts;[3] he also was one of the suitors of Helen, which obliged him to join in the campaign against Troy.[4] He came from Boeotia and commanded 12 ships.[5] It is also said that Peneleos was chosen to command the Boeotian troops because Tisamenus, son and successor of Thersander, was still too young.[6]

Peneleos killed two Trojans,[7] Ilioneus[8] and Lycon,[9] was wounded by Polydamas[10] and was killed by Eurypylus (son of Telephus).[6][11] He left a son Opheltes, whose own son (Peneleos' grandson) Damasichthon succeeded Autesion, son of Tisamenus, as the ruler over Thebes.[12]

His descendant, Philotas of Thebes, was said to be the founder of Priene in Ionia.

Notes

  1. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.67.7; Hyginus, Fabulae 97
  2. ^ Tzetzes, John (2015). Allegories of the Iliad. Translated by Goldwyn, Adam; Kokkini, Dimitra. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England: Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library. pp. 41, Prologue 531. ISBN 978-0-674-96785-4.
  3. ^ Apollodorus, 1.9.16
  4. ^ Apollodorus, 3.10.8
  5. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.494; Hyginus, Fabulae 97
  6. ^ a b Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.15
  7. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 114
  8. ^ Homer, Iliad 14.489
  9. ^ Homer, Iliad 16.340
  10. ^ Homer, Iliad 17.597–600
  11. ^ Dictys Cretensis, Trojan War Chronicle 4.17
  12. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.5.16

References

  • Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Dictys Cretensis, from The Trojan War. The Chronicles of Dictys of Crete and Dares the Phrygian translated by Richard McIlwaine Frazer, Jr. (1931-). Indiana University Press. 1966. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, Ltd. 1989. Vol. 3. Books 4.59–8. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
  • Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica. Vol 1-2. Immanel Bekker. Ludwig Dindorf. Friedrich Vogel. in aedibus B. G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1888–1890. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Homer, The Iliad with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. . Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Homer, Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1920. ISBN 978-0198145318. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Tzetzes, John, Allegories of the Iliad translated by Goldwyn, Adam J. and Kokkini, Dimitra. Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library, Harvard University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-674-96785-4