Pennsylvania General Assembly
Coat of arms
House of Representatives
|Founded||May 5, 1682|
|Preceded by||Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly|
New session started
|January 1, 2019|
Senate political groups
House political groups
Length of term
|Senate: 4 years|
House: 2 years
|Salary||$86,478/year + per diem|
Senate last election
|November 6, 2018 (2018-11-06) |
House last election
|November 6, 2018 (2018-11-06)|
Senate next election
|November 3, 2020 |
House next election
|November 3, 2020|
|Virtue, Liberty and Independence|
|Pennsylvania State Capitol, Harrisburg|
|Constitution of Pennsylvania|
The Pennsylvania General Assembly is the legislature of the U.S. commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The legislature convenes in the State Capitol building in Harrisburg. In colonial times (1682–1776), the legislature was known as the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly and was unicameral. Since the Constitution of 1776, the legislature has been known as the General Assembly. The General Assembly became a bicameral legislature in 1791.
The General Assembly has 253 members, consisting of a Senate with 50 members and a House of Representatives with 203 members, making it the second-largest state legislature in the nation (behind New Hampshire) and the largest full-time legislature.
Senators are elected for a term of four years. Representatives are elected for a term of two years. The Pennsylvania general elections are held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even-numbered years. A vacant seat must be filled by special election, the date of which is set by the presiding officer of the respective house.
Senators must be at least 25 years old, and Representatives at least 21 years old. They must be citizens and residents of the state for a minimum of four years and reside in their districts for at least one year. Individuals who have been convicted of felonies, including embezzlement, bribery, and perjury, are ineligible for election; the state Constitution also adds the category of "other infamous crimes," which can be broadly interpreted by state courts. No one who has been previously expelled from the General Assembly may be elected.
Legislative districts are drawn every ten years, following the U.S. Census. Districts are drawn by a five-member commission, of which four members are the majority and minority leaders of each house (or their delegates). The fifth member, who chairs the committee, is appointed by the other four and may not be an elected or appointed official. If the leadership cannot decide on a fifth member, the State Supreme Court may appoint him or her.
While in office, legislators may not hold civil office. Even if a member resigns, the Constitution states that he or she may not be appointed to civil office for the duration of the original term for which he or she was originally elected.
The General Assembly is a continuing body within the term for which its representatives are elected. It convenes at 12 o'clock noon on the first Tuesday of January each year and then meets regularly throughout the year. Both houses adjourn on November 30 in even-numbered years, when the terms of all members of the House and half the members of the Senate expire. Neither body can adjourn for more than three days without the consent of the other.
The Assembly meets in the Pennsylvania State Capitol, which was completed in 1906. Under the Pennsylvania Constitution, the Assembly must meet in the City of Harrisburg and can move only if given the consent of both chambers.
During the mid-19th century, the frustration of the people of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with the extremely severe level of corruption in the General Assembly culminated in a constitutional amendment in 1864 which prevented the General Assembly from writing statutes covering more than one subject. Unfortunately, the amendment (today found at Section 3 of Article III of the Pennsylvania Constitution) was so poorly written that it also prevented the General Assembly from undertaking a comprehensive codification of the Commonwealth's statutes until another amendment was pushed through in 1967 to provide the necessary exception. This is why today, Pennsylvania is the only U.S. state that has not yet completed a comprehensive codification of its general statutory law. Pennsylvania is currently undertaking its first official codification process in the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes.
General assembly leadership, 2019-2020
|Majority Party (R)||Leadership Position||Minority Party (D)|
|Bryan Cutler||Floor Leader||Frank Dermody|
|Kerry Benninghoff||Whip||Jordan A. Harris|
|Marcy Toepel||Caucus Chair||Joanna E. McClinton|
|Mike Reese||Caucus Secretary||Rosita Youngblood|
|Stan Saylor||Appropriations Committee Chairman||Matt Bradford|
|Donna Oberlander||Policy Committee Chairman||Mike Sturla|
|Kurt Masser||Caucus Administrator||Neal Goodman|
|Majority Party (R)||Leadership Position||Minority Party (D)|
|Jake Corman||Floor Leader||Jay Costa|
|John Gordner||Whip||Anthony H. Williams|
|Bob Mensch||Caucus Chairman||Wayne Fontana|
|Ryan P. Aument||Caucus Secretary||Larry Farnese|
|Pat Browne||Appropriations Committee Chairman||Vincent Hughes|
|Dave Argall||Policy Committee Chairman||Lisa Boscola|
|Kim Ward||Caucus Administrator||John Blake|
- 2005 Pennsylvania General Assembly pay raise controversy
- Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly, for the General Assembly before 1776
- Pennsylvania Legislative Black Caucus
- "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" (PDF). Pennsylvania General Assembly. pp. Article II Section 3: Terms of Members. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "CONSTITUTION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA: Article II - The Legislature". Pennsylvania Constitution Web Page of the Duquesne University School of Law. Duquesne University School of Law. 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" (PDF). pp. Article II Section 4: Sessions. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- "Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" (PDF). pp. Article II Section 14: Adjournments.
- Esack, Steve (February 1, 2017). "Pennsylvania Senate Democrats seek special hearings on property tax reform". The Morning Call. Harrisburg, PA. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- City of Philadelphia v. Commonwealth, 838 A. 2d 566 (Pa. 2003). This decision of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania expressly acknowledges that (1) the original 1864 amendment occurred because of the General Assembly's problems with corruption; and (2) the general view that enactment of a comprehensive codification was hindered by the perception that it would have violated the pre-1967 version of Section 3.
- Prince, Mary Miles. Prince's Bieber Dictionary of Legal Citations (6th ed.). Wm. S. Hein Publishing. p. 343. ISBN 1-57588-669-3. LCCN 2001024375.
- "Pennsylvania Session Laws > FAQ". Pennsylvania Legislative Reference Bureau. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- The Pennsylvania House of Representatives - Officers. Legis.state.pa.us. Retrieved on 2015-01-21.
- Pennsylvania General Assembly
- Legislative Process