Pericles, Dynast of Lycia


Perikles of Lycia
Perikles of Lycia. Circa 380-360 BC.jpg
Portrait of Perikles of Lycia, from his coinage. Circa 380-360 BC
AllegianceLycia, Achaemenid Empire
Years of service380 to 360 BC
RankKing of Lycia
Location of Lycia. Anatolia/Asia Minor in the Greco-Roman period. The classical regions, including Lycia, and their main settlements

Perikles (Perikle in Lycian), was the last known dynast of Lycia. He ruled c. 380–360 BCE over eastern Lycia from Limyra, at a time when Western Lycia was directly under Persian domination.[1]


He was a victor over his predecessor Arttum̃para (Artembares). Perikles took an active part in the Revolt of the Satraps against Achaemenid power, but lost his territory when defeated.[1][2][3]

After Perikles, Persian rule was reestablished firmly in Lycia in 366 or 362 BCE. Control was taken by Mausolus, the satrap of nearby Caria, who moved the satrap's residence to Halicarnassus.[1]


A monumental tomb was erected to Perikles in Limyra, decorated with frieze showing Pericles going to war. The tomb was in the form of a Greek Ionic temple.[3] Several friezes from the tomb are now visible in the Antalya Archeological Museum.[3]



  1. ^ a b c Houwink ten Cate, Philo Hendrik Jan (1961). The Luwian Population Groups of Lycia and Cilicia Aspera During the Hellenistic Period. Brill Archive. pp. 12–13.
  2. ^ Briant, Pierre (2002). From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Eisenbrauns. p. 673. ISBN 9781575061207.
  3. ^ a b c Bryce, Trevor (2009). The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia: The Near East from the Early Bronze Age to the fall of the Persian Empire. Routledge. p. 419. ISBN 9781134159079.


  • Şare, Tuna (2013). "The sculpture of the Heroon of Perikle at Limyra: the making of a Lycian king". Anatolian Studies. 63: 55–74. doi:10.1017/S0066154613000045. JSTOR 42657426.