Perigee Aerospace


Perigee Aerospace
Founded2018; 3 years ago (2018)[1]
Key people
Yoon Shin, CEO[1]
Number of employees

Perigee Aerospace is a private developer and manufacturer of orbital and sub-orbital launch vehicles located in Daejeon, South Korea. The company was formally established in 2018, but work began in 2012,[1] initially with the launch of sounding rockets.[3]

As of 2019, Perigee Aerospace employed 30 people. It develops the small orbital rocket Blue Whale 1. As of 2019, the company also planned to develop a larger rocket.[2]


Blue Whale 1

Blue Whale 1
FunctionSmall-lift Orbital launch vehicle
ManufacturerPerigee Aerospace
Country of originSouth Korea
Cost per launchUS$2 million[4]
Height8.5 m (28 ft)[4]
Diameter760 mm (30 in)[4]
Mass1,790 kg (3,950 lb)[4]
Payload to 500km SSO
Mass50 kg (110 lb)[4]
Payload to 500km LEO
Mass63 kg (139 lb)[4]
Launch history
StatusIn Development
Launch sitesWhalers Way Orbital Launch Complex
Total launchesNo launches yet
First flightH1 2021
First stage
Specific impulse288s (ground), 348s (vacuum)
Burn time150s

The two-stage[1] Blue Whale 1 is planned to become the smallest orbital rocket in the world with a mass of only 1790 kg. Launching from a pad owned by Southern Launch at Whalers Way in South Australia, it can deliver up to 50 kg to a sun-synchronous orbit with an altitude of 500 km.[2] The maiden flight was planned for July 2020 but has been delayed several times, with the new launch date set for the 2nd half of 2021. Perigee Aerospace hopes to build the capacity to launch up to 40 Blue Whale 1 rockets per year[1] at a price of US$2 million.[4] As of April 2021, the first launch is scheduled for later in 2021.

Sounding Rockets

Started in 2012, Perigee Aerospace began by developing and launching numerous sounding rockets for meteorological research for the Korean government. In 2018 and 2019 the company received two rounds of venture capital backing from some of South Korea’s leading technology investors including Samsung Venture Investments and LB Investment (a subsidiary of LG) to support the development of Blue Whale.The company is also supported by KAIST, South Korea’s top technical research institution.[5]

According to an interview posted on the website of Expedition College in March 2020, an educational program by Dong-A Science,[6] Perigee Aerospace also planned to launch a sounding rocket developed in collaboration with KAIST.[7]

See also


  • Official website Perigee Aerospace


  1. ^ a b c d e Blenkin, Max (28 October 2019). "Korean firm Perigee plans first South Australian rocket launch". Space Connect. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Henry, Caleb (23 October 2019). "Backed by Samsung, South Korean startup Perigee aims for 2020 maiden launch". SpaceNews. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  3. ^ Plouffe, Jim (30 September 2019). "South Korean rocket startup to launch from South Australia". The Lead South Australia. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Perigee Aerospace Inc. – Introduction". Perigee Aerospace. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  5. ^ StudyAdelaide. "Perigee Aerospace has signed an agreement to use the Southern Launch rocket facilities in South Australia". StudyAdelaide. Retrieved 2021-10-05.
  6. ^ Cho, Seung-han (27 March 2020). "탐험대학·시민과학풀씨 참가자 모집" [Recruitment of participants for the Expedition College Citizen Science Program]. Dong-A Science (in Korean). Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  7. ^ "알아두면 쓸모 있는 탐험멘토 Talk 2탄 ⑦ 신동윤 멘토 미니인터뷰!" [Useful to know Exploration Mentor Talk Part 2 ⑦ Mentor Shin Dong-yoon mini interview!]. Expedition College (in Korean). 8 April 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020 – via Naver.