Peter Ludwig Mejdell Sylow

Summary

Peter Ludvig Meidell Sylow
Ludwig Sylow.jpg
Born(1832-12-12)12 December 1832
Died7 September 1918(1918-09-07) (aged 85)
Christiania, Norway
NationalityNorwegian
Alma materUniversity of Christiania
Known forSylow theorems
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics

Peter Ludwig Mejdell Sylow (IPA: [ ˈsyːlɔv]) (12 December 1832 – 7 September 1918) was a Norwegian mathematician who proved foundational results in group theory.[1]

Biography

He was born and died in Christiania (now Oslo). Sylow was a son of government minister Thomas Edvard von Westen Sylow, and a brother of military officer and sports official Carl Sylow. He attended Christiania Cathedral School (1850) and the University of Christiania (cand.real. 1856) .[2]

Sylow was a high school teacher at Hartvig Nissen School, later before becoming a headmaster in Halden from 1858 to 1898. He was a substitute lecturer at University of Christiania in 1862, covering Galois theory. It was then that he posed the question that led to his theorems regarding Sylow subgroups. Sylow published the Sylow theorems in 1872, and subsequently devoted eight years of his life, with Sophus Lie, to the project of editing the mathematical works of his countryman, Niels Henrik Abel. In 1898, he was appointed professor at the University of Christiania.[3][4]

In 1853, he was awarded the Crown Prince's gold medal (Kronprinsens gullmedalje) by the University of Oslo. In 1868 he was elected into the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.[5] In 1894 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Copenhagen and became an editor for Acta Mathematica.[6]

References

  1. ^ Birkeland, Bent. "Ludvig Sylow". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  2. ^ Brinchmann, Christopher; Daae, Anders; Hammer, K. V., eds. (1912). "Sylow, Peter Ludwig Mejdell". Hvem er Hvem? Haandbog over samtidige norske mænd og kvinder (in Norwegian) (1 ed.). Kristiania: Aschehoug. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  3. ^ O'Connor, J. J.; Robertson, E. F. "Peter Ludwig Mejdell Sylow". School of Mathematics and Statistics. University of St Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  4. ^ Birkeland, Bent. "Ludvig Sylow". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  5. ^ Birkeland, Bent (25 February 2020), "Ludvig Sylow", Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian Bokmål), retrieved 2 January 2021
  6. ^ "Student Peter Ludvig Meydell Sylow". University of Oslo. Retrieved 1 February 2018.

External links