Phacusa (Ancient Greek: Φάκουσα and Φάκουσαι)[1] was a city in the late Roman province of Augustamnica Prima. It served as a bishopric that was a suffragan of Pelusium, the metropolitan see of that province.

Ptolemy[2] makes it the suffragan of the nomos of Arabia in Lower Egypt; Strabo[3] places Phacusa at the beginning of the canal which empties into the Red Sea; it is described also by Peutinger's Table under the name of Phacussi, and by the Anonymous of Ravenna (130), under Phagusa.

Phacusa is identified widely with the modern Tell-Fakus; Heinrich Brugsch and Edouard Naville[4] place it at Saft el-Hinna, about twelve miles from there.


In the list of the partisan bishops of Melitius present at the Council of Nicæa in 325 may be found Moses of Phacusa;[5] he is the only titular we know of.


  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, Ph655.1
  2. ^ IV, v, 24.
  3. ^ XVII, i, 26.
  4. ^ In "Goshen and the Shrine of Saft el-Henneh" (London, 1885).
  5. ^ Athanasius, "Apologia contra Arian.", 71.


  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Phacusa". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. The entry cites:
    • Rougé, Géographie ancienne de la Basse Egypte (Paris, 1891), 137-39.

Coordinates: 31°03′00″N 32°36′00″E / 31.0500°N 32.6000°E / 31.0500; 32.6000