Pherendates (Old Persian: *Farnadātaʰ;[1] Ancient Greek: Φερενδάτης Pherendā́tēs) was an Achaemenid satrap of ancient Egypt during the 5th century BCE, at the time of the Achaemenid 27th Dynasty of Egypt.

Satrap of Egypt
Western part of the Achaemenid Empire.jpg
Pherendates was satrap of the Achaemenid Province of Egypt.
Dynasty27th Dynasty
PharaohDarius I


A son of Megabazus, a commander under king Darius I,[2] Pherendates is mainly attested from three letters written in Egyptian Demotic. He replaced the satrap Aryandes who was deposed by Darius around 496 BCE;[1] although the exact accession date of Pherendates is unknown. Pherendates was definitely the satrap in 492 BCE.[3]

In the aforementioned letters, certain priests of the local temple of Khnum at Elephantine asked Pherendates to take care of some of their business in their place, a rather standard request to the pharaoh (or his representative, such as in this case) in any period of ancient Egyptian history.[1]

In 486–485 BCE a revolt occurred in Egypt, only for being quelled in 484 BCE by a new satrap, Achaemenes. It is possible that Pherendates lost his life during the turmoil.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Ray, John D. (2006). "Egypt, 525–404 B.C.". In Boardman, John; Hammond, N.D.L.; Lewis, D.M.; Ostwald, M. (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History (2nd ed.), vol. IV – Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean c. 525 to 479 B.C. Cambridge University Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-521-22804-2.
  2. ^ "Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor".
  3. ^ ARYANDES at the Encyclopædia Iranica.

Further readingEdit

  • Hughes, G.R. (1984). Grammata Demotika. Wiesbaden. pp. 75–86.
  • Spiegelberg, Wilhelm (1928). "Drei demotische Schreiben aus der Korrespondenz des Pherendates". Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil-hist. Klasse (Berlin): 604ff.
Preceded by Satrap of Egypt
c.496 – c.486 BCE
Succeeded by