Philip II
Augustus
Bust of Philip II (emperor) in Venice.jpg
Bust of Philippus II
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign247–249
PredecessorPhilip the Arab (alone)
SuccessorDecius and Herennius Etruscus
Co-emperorPhilip the Arab
Born237
Died249 (aged 12)
Rome
Full name
Marcus Julius Severus Philippus
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Severus Philippus Augustus
FatherPhilip the Arab
MotherMarcia Otacilia Severa

Philip II (Latin: Marcus Julius Severus Philippus; 237–249), also known as Philip the Younger, was the son and heir of the Roman Emperor Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa. According to numismatic evidence, he had a sister called Julia Severa or Severina, whom the extant literary sources do not mention, and a brother, Quintus Philippus Severus.[citation needed]

When his father became emperor in 244, the younger Philip was appointed Caesar. In 247 he became consul, and was later elevated by his father to the rank of Augustus and co-ruler.[1] Their reign took place during the thousandth anniversary of the founding of Rome, and great games and spectacles were planned for the celebration.[2]

His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip was murdered by the Praetorian Guard at the age of twelve.[1][3]

Family tree

previous
Gordian I
Roman Emperor
238
Gordian II
co-emperor
238
Antonia GordianaVexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg
Philip the Arab
Roman Emperor
244-249
Marcia Otacilia Severa
next
Decius
Roman Emperor
249-251
Herenia Etruscilla
Gordian III
Roman Emperor
238-244
Tranquillina
Philippus II
co-emperor
247-249
Herennius Etruscus
co-emperor
251

References

  1. ^ a b Smith, W. 1854. "Philippus II., M. Julius." In Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 273
  2. ^ Eutropius, Breviarium Historiae Romanae, IX, 3.
  3. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus. xxviii.

External links

Media related to Philippus II at Wikimedia Commons

  • roman-emperors.org
  • ettuantiquities.com
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip the Arab
Roman Emperor
247–249
Served alongside: Philip the Arab
Succeeded by
Decius
Political offices
Preceded by
Gaius Bruttius Praesens,
Gaius Allius Albinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
247–248
with Philip the Arab
Succeeded by
Lucius Fulvius Gavius Numisius Aemilianus,
Lucius Naevius Aquilinus