3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||430.49 g/mol|
|Melting point||ca. 100 °C (decomposes)|
|Boiling point||106 °C (223 °F; 379 K) (decomposes)|
|Solubility||decomposes in ethanol |
soluble in CCl4 and CS2
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|(what is ?)|
Phosphorus pentabromide is a reactive, yellow solid of formula PBr5, which has the structure PBr4+ Br− in the solid state but in the vapor phase is completely dissociated to PBr3 and Br2. Rapid cooling of this phase to 15 K leads to formation of the ionic species phosphorus heptabromide ([PBr4]+[Br3]−).
Reversing this equilibrium to generate PBr5 by addition of Br2 to PBr3 is difficult in practice because the product is susceptible to further addition to yield phosphorus heptabromide (PBr7).