Piano Concerto (Copland)

Summary

The Concerto for Piano and Orchestra is a musical composition by the American composer Aaron Copland. The work was commissioned by the conductor Serge Koussevitzky who was then music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. It was first performed on January 28, 1927, by the Boston Symphony Orchestra conducted by Koussevitzky with the composer himself as the soloist. The piece is dedicated to Copland's patron Alma Morgenthau Wertheim.[1][2]

Composition

Background

Copland completed work on the piano concerto in November 1926. It is cast in two connected movements: a short, slow first movement and a large, fast second movement. Like George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue (composed two years prior), the piece demonstrates an early use of jazz and blues in an orchestral setting.[1]

Instrumentation

The work is scored for piano and a large orchestra consisting of two flutes, piccolo, two oboes, cor anglais, two clarinets, E-flat clarinet, bass clarinet, alto saxophone (doubling soprano saxophone), two bassoons, contrabassoon, four horns, three trumpets, three trombones, tuba, five percussionists, celesta, and strings.[3]

Reception

The piano concerto was not a critical success upon its premiere and remained virtually unperformed for three decades.[4] The piece was nevertheless admired by the conductor Leonard Bernstein, who featured it in the New York Philharmonic's Young People's Concerts and later produced the first recording of the concerto with the New York Philharmonic and Copland again performing the piano part.[5][6][1] The piece has since grown more popular[according to whom?] and has been recorded many times. In 2008, the music critic Peter Dickinson of Gramophone reflected, "The first of its two movements is a spacious outpouring of fanfares and blues and the second is a crazy kind of supercharged ragtime that really upset the Boston audience and critics. It shows how Copland exploited the jazz age to brilliant effect."[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c Pollack, Howard (1999). Aaron Copland: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man. New York: University of Illinois Press. pp. 134–136. ISBN 0252069005.
  2. ^ DeLapp, Jennifer. "The Aaron Copland Centennial". NPR. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  3. ^ Copland, Aaron (1926). "Piano Concerto". Boosey & Hawkes. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  4. ^ Achenbach, Andrew (April 1996). "Copland Piano Concerto; Appalachian Spring; etc". Gramophone. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  5. ^ Klein, Howard (January 5, 1964). "Philharmonic Takes On the Avant-Garde". The New York Times. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  6. ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (January 10, 1964). "Music: Copland Plays at Philharmonic". The New York Times. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  7. ^ Dickinson, Peter (2008). "Copland Piano Concerto". Gramophone. Retrieved December 17, 2017.