Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (obverse)
|Awarded for||Space flight|
|Presented by||Russian Federation|
|Established||March 20, 1992|
|Related||Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR|
The Honorary Title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (Russian: Летчик-космонавт Российской Федерации) is a state award of the Russian Federation presented to all cosmonauts who fly for the Russian Federal Space Agency. Usually accompanying the distinction is the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, the highest title that can be awarded to a Russian for performing heroic deeds while in service of the state.
The Honorary Title of Pilot-Cosmonaut was originally established by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on April 14, 1961, it was then called Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (Russian: Летчик-космонавт СССР). Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the title was retained by the Law of the Russian Federation 2555-1 dated March 20, 1992 and the title was renamed Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation.
The Honorary Title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation" is assigned by the president of the Russian Federation for the outstanding feat of space flight. The insignia of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation is worn on the right side of the chest above orders and decorations.
The Honorary Title "Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation" is a 25mm wide by 23.8mm high convex pentagon with a gilt silver rim. In the center is an image of the terrestrial globe with the territory of the Russian Federation enamelled in blue. A gold star denotes Moscow as the point of origin of a gilt orbital path going around the globe once to reach a silver satellite at the upper left of the globe. A second orbital path, this time enamelled in red, starts at the bottom center of the globe going up in an arc narrowing along the way to reach a gilt spacecraft above the globe. Along the upper left edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "PILOT" (Russian: ЛЕТЧИК), along the upper right edge of the pentagon above the globe, the gilt relief inscription "COSMONAUT" (Russian: КОСМОНАВТ), along the bottom edge of the pentagon under the globe, the gilt inscription "RUSSIA" (Russian: РОССИИ, lit. 'of Russia'), along the left and right lower edges of the pentagon, prominent gilt laurel branches. The reverse of the insignia is plain except for the award serial number.
The individuals listed below have all received the Honorary Title of Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation: