TypeChildren's entertainment brand
FoundedJune 2010; 11 years ago (2010-06)
Headquarters5th Floor, 94 Myeongdal-ro, Seocho-dong, Seoul, South Korea
Key people
CEO Kim Min-seok
CFO Lee Ryan Seung-kyu

Pinkfong (Korean: 핑크퐁) is the children's educational brand of SmartStudy, a South Korean educational entertainment company. Pinkfong consists of mainly children's songs, of which the most famous is "Baby Shark"; and its dance video eventually became the most-viewed Youtube video. Their educational channel has a brightly-colored programming of stories, sing-along songs and dances represented by a pink fox named "Pinkfong". The global product development company has more than 4,000 children's videos, songs, games and apps.[1][2][3]



Pinkfong was formed with the inception of SmartStudy at their Seoul headquarters, in June 2010. A Los Angeles branch with a few employees opened in 2016, and another is located in Shanghai. The U.S. branch's CEO Bin Jeong said the name was created from the pink fox character, and the fun sound of "fong" that sounded similar to "phone".[4] The focus is children ages one to five years old. By 2015, the company had released 520 mobile apps with central base apps like "Pinkfong Nursery Rhymes".[5] SmartStudy's CFO and co-founder Lee Ryan Seung-kyu said typical nursery rhymes were usually "slow and calm" so they began with a small project, searching for a more upbeat song "for the new generation" that would appeal globally.[2] The "Pinkfong! Kids' Songs & Stories" YouTube channel was launched on December 13, 2011,[6] with the brand character, a pink or magenta-colored animated cartoon fox, a Prince from the planet Staria, that was inspired by the fox in the classic French book The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.[2][7]

Comparisons to other animations

Pinkfong joined another "beloved" anthropomorphic character named Pororo, a longtime children's favorite in South Korea, in the preschool education market. Both characters became recognizable worldwide and like Pororo, children and parents began associating the pink fox with children's education.[8] In May 2017, journalist Kim Young-joo of the newspaper JoongAng Ilbo wrote that Pinkfong, a pink desert fox character that combines a fox and a phone, is "emerging as the second Pororo", with housewives with young children calling him "President Pinkfong".[9] CEO Lee said that Pinkfong might be described "somewhere between Disney and Sesame Street".[8] An August 2018 comparison of YouTube channel subscribers showed the established brand, Sesame Street, had 3.9 million subscribers and Pinkfong had 10 million.[2]

YouTube channel

The YouTube channel videos include educational preschool songs, rhymes and stories that incorporate the use of colors, numbers and letters. Song lyrics are repetitive, animation is bright and bold, and they run about one to two minutes in length. Some are grouped in video compilations, like "Planet Songs" and "Christmas Carols", and in addition to animation, some include claymation and child actors.[10] The short length was made to accommodate cell phone views on both YouTube and SmartStudy's education mobile apps.[2] Three of their most popular videos are "Baby Shark", "Police Car" and "The Lion."[4] The receptiveness of children watching "Baby Shark" was shown in a YouTube video of an elementary school class of 55 students in Xi'an, China, posted by their English teacher, Frenchman Florian Marquette, in late 2015. He said the first time they saw it they responded with surprised expressions, then immediately started singing.[8][9]

"Baby Shark" song

Song history

Their popular "Baby Shark" song and dance video, which they became known for, has more than 100 variations in 11 different languages, with the first released on YouTube in late 2015.[2][9][11] The most popular video titled "Baby Shark Dance", was released on June 17, 2016,[12] had 1.9 billion global views by the end of October 2018,[13] was one of the Top 40 most-viewed videos,[7] and had topped the children's music chart on iTunes, Apple Music, Google Play and Amazon.[14] On November 2, 2020 it became the most-watched video on YouTube with more than 7 billion views.[15] The videos first became very popular in Southeast Asia in the summer of 2017.[1] A Korean version, with different lyrics than the English language one, popular in South Korea, was criticized for assigning adjectives to shark family members. The lyrics describe a "pretty" Mommy Shark, a "strong" Daddy Shark, a "kind" Grandma Shark and a "cool" Grandpa Shark. In September 2018, The Korea Herald reported on an article by the Kyunghyang Shinmun newspaper, which had raised concerns about that version of the "Baby Shark" song [16]

The original "Baby Shark" song was a nursery song from the 1900s,[17] a sing-along at summer camp and on school playgrounds,[14] which was widely known in the U.S.[2] American and British accounts of the camp version detail a tragic ending, where the panicked swimmer is eaten by the sharks.[14][18][19]

The Pinkfong "Baby Shark" uses the traditional chant, incorporates a repetitive verse, and adds K-pop style music.[2][16] Lee Sung-bok, chairman of the Korea Children's Music Composer Association, said the lyrics that incorporate three generations of the shark family were significant in its success, and said, "Kids love the baby shark song for its easy and repetitive rhythm".[2] Songwriter Jin Jin said the song accomplished the goal of simplicity, which professional songwriters aim for, "A pop song definitely needs a big hook. That's the most important thing," and, "It's got the repetition, and the 'do do do do do' is a global, international language. Any country or language can relate to that."[18]

Gary Cross, a Pennsylvania State University cultural historian who specializes in modern childhood, said, "A simple song that isn't tied too radically to a given culture can, with the right technology, easily become global," and, "Children are not yet fully embedded in a culture, and they’re very adaptable to fads". He said a simple song like "Happy Birthday to You" spread globally before technology, and successful children's commercial popular culture like Hello Kitty and Nintendo from Asia, that "embrace a more playful, imaginative fantasy world for children", had been around for some time.[14] The song is both nostalgic and culturally significant for millennial parents, some who remembered the camp song's darker version, but were amenable to a South Korean version that would help their children develop diverse cultural backgrounds.[14][18]

Charting, viral dance challenge and musical tour

In late August 2018, "Baby Shark" charted No. 37 on the UK Official Singles Chart Top 40.[18] Jack White of the British Official Charts said it joined other children's characters, The Wombles, Mr Blobby, the Tweenies and Bob the Builder who had made it onto the chart.[7] It entered the U.S. Billboard charts at No. 1 on the LyricFind Global chart on October 27, 2018, along with six consecutive weeks at No. 1 on the Kid Digital Song Sales chart,[13][20] among other charting.[17] In 2019, they debuted with the song at No. 32 on the Billboard Hot 100, for the chart dated January 12,[21][22] and with their album Pinkfong Presents: The Best of Baby Shark, on the Billboard 200 at No. 175, for the chart dated January 26.[23]

K-pop groups and stars, including Blackpink and Girls' Generation performed their own versions of the song,[7][24] an SNS hashtag #BabySharkChallenge, associated with the song, promoted participants to film themselves recreating the shark dance moves; and celebrity parents like Jimmy Fallon, Tyra Banks and Kylie Jenner mentioned the song on SNS.[1][14]

In the fall of 2019, Pinkfong and an event company, Round Room Live, launched an inaugural U.S. musical tour, Baby Shark Live!. Pingfong global consumer products director Marina Lee said it would help product growth, “This is a new market we can really develop in the future. Until now, they all experience it in the privacy of their own homes, but when they come to this show and see other kids so excited, it takes the brand to a new level.”[25] [26]

Other products

An English education app, Pinkfong! Word Power, was released globally as the third in a phonics series, on February 2, 2017, following Pinkfong! ABC Phonics, and Pinkfong! Super Phonics. Like most of its products, it can be globally downloaded on Google, Apple and Amazon app stores, and is available, also, in Korean, Japanese, Chinese and Spanish.[27]

The Pinkfong Beam (English Edition) portable projector was the brand's first consumer product release in the U.S. market at the Mobile World Congress Americas on September 11, 2017. It can also be connected to TV, and includes a smart pen, CDs, DVDs, songbooks and workbooks. The smart pen is used for tracing over text which will automatically play matching songs or stories.[28]


Common Sense Media reviewer Emily Ashby said, "This popular brand and its pink fox mascot herald joyful preschool entertainment that teaches simple concepts with engaging song and rhyme." She said, "Pinkfong! excels at appealing to preschoolers with content that encourages movement, hand gestures, and familiarity with new words and concepts", and praised them for short videos that allow parents to control screen time, and retain the attention of preschoolers while they learn their skills set.[10]

Teddy Zee, a Hollywood producer and media and tech consultant told ABC News about "Baby Shark", "It is so catchy, it has such a hook, so addictive that it is literally crack for kids."[2] The Washington Post's Caitlin Gibson, said of the video, "For parents, it's a maddeningly infectious earworm that haunts at all hours".[14] Michael Hann of The Guardian said, "Truly, a viral video. And, like any good virus, it has mutated: Pinkfong's Monkey Banana is the same track, with lyrics about a monkey instead".[19]

Awards and nominations

In 2017, the "Pinkfong Shark Family" application was selected for the most popular video, excluding music videos, on YouTube in South Korea for a second year, and the "Pinkfong Shape and Color" app was named "The Best Family App of the Year" by Google Play.[29] In the fall of 2018, Sing Along with Pinkfong Baby Shark was nominated for the 23rd annual Asian Television Awards, which is similar to the Emmy Awards and was held in early January 2019 in Malaysia.[30] It was nominated in two categories, Best Children's Program and Best Preschool Program.[31]

Year Award Category Recipients and nominees Result
2018 23rd Asian Television Awards[31] Best Children's Program Sing Along with Pinkfong Baby Shark Nominated
Best Preschool Program Nominated


  1. ^ a b c Ritschel, Chelsea (September 7, 2018). "What is the 'Baby Shark Song', Where did it Come From and Why do Children Love It?". The Independent. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Cho, Joo-hee and Lee, Hak-yung Kate (August 28, 2018). "Pinkfong is K-pop for the next generation". ABC News. Retrieved November 27, 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Sen, Indrani (August 27, 2018). ""Baby Shark": A Viral Earworm for Kids That is Eating The World". Quartz. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Pinkfong Q&A". The Savvy Screener. August 14, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  5. ^ Kwon, Oh-seong (April 13, 2015). "휴가 무제한인 회사…그래도 잘 나가요". The Hankyoreh (in Korean). Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  6. ^ "Pinkfong! Kids' Songs & Stories". Retrieved November 27, 2018 – via YouTube.
  7. ^ a b c d White, Jack (August 31, 2018). "What is the Baby Shark song? Why the viral kids' TV song is now climbing the charts". Official Charts Company. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Lee, Ho-jeong (July 18, 2017). "How SmartStudy's pink fox became a global hit". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c Kim, Young-joo (May 12, 2017). "통통 튀는 핑크퐁, 뽀로로가 샘내겠네요". JoongAng Ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  10. ^ a b Ashby, Emily (April 11, 2018). "Pinkfong!". Common Sense Media. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  11. ^ Pinkfong! Kids' Songs & Stories (November 25, 2015). "Baby Shark Animal Songs PINKFONG Songs for Children". Retrieved November 27, 2018 – via YouTube.
  12. ^ Pinkfong! Kids' Songs & Stories (June 17, 2016). "Baby Shark Dance Sing and Dance Animal Songs PINKFONG Songs for Children". Retrieved November 27, 2018 – via YouTube.
  13. ^ a b Rutherford, Kevin (October 26, 2018). "'Baby Shark' Song Leads LyricFind Global Chart". Billboard. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Gibson, Caitlin (September 14, 2018). "The story of 'Baby Shark': How toddlers around the world made a K-pop earworm go viral". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  15. ^ "'Baby Shark' becomes most-watched video on YouTube". Yonhap News Agency. November 2, 2020. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  16. ^ a b Yim, Hyun-su (September 4, 2018). "What international hit 'Baby Shark' endured at home so far". The Korea Herald. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  17. ^ a b Rutherford, Kevin (November 2, 2018). "'Baby Shark' Attacks the Streaming Songs Chart With 13 Million Streams". Billboard. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d Baggs, Michael (August 31, 2018). "Baby Shark takes a bite out of the UK Top 40 charts". BBC News. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  19. ^ a b Hann, Michael (September 3, 2018). "Scared of Baby Shark? A short guide to the year's most annoying song". The Guardian. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  20. ^ "Chart – Kid Digital Song Sales". Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  21. ^ Rutherford, Kevin (January 8, 2019). "'Baby Shark' Debuts in Billboard Hot 100's Top 40". Billboard. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  22. ^ Yonhap (February 2, 2019). "Viral children's song 'Baby Shark' faces lawsuit as it hits Billboard chart". The Korea Herald. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  23. ^ "Chart – Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  24. ^ Herman, Tamar (January 13, 2019). "15 K-Pop Stars Who Performed 'Baby Shark'". Billboard. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  25. ^ Lascala, Marisa (July 9, 2019). "'Baby Shark' Is Going on Tour and the Song List Alone Will Make You Say "I Feel Personally Attacked"". Good Housekeeping. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  26. ^ Lee, Ashley (October 21, 2019). "Inside 'Baby Shark Live,' Pinkfong's touring concert for musical toddlers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  27. ^ Kwon, Joon (February 5, 2017). "Pinkfong Word Power, Best App To Teach Children English!". Tech For Korea. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  28. ^ "Pinkfong debuts first US product – Pinkfong Beam portable projector". ShowStoppers. September 11, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  29. ^ Song, Chang-beom (December 8, 2017). "스마트스터디 '핑크퐁', 유튜브‧구글플레이 휩쓴 최고 콘텐츠 '등극'". Global Economic Newspaper (in Korean). Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  30. ^ Amidi, Amid (November 22, 2018). "AWARDS WATCH: New York Film Critics Circle chooses 'Spider-man' as 2018's best animated feature". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  31. ^ a b "2018 Nominees". Asian Television Awards. Archived from the original on November 15, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.

External links

  • Official website Edit this at Wikidata