|Names||Pre-Aerosol, Cloud, and ocean Ecosystem|
|Mission type||Remote sensing|
|Mission duration||3-10 years (planned)|
|Manufacturer||Goddard Space Flight Center|
|Launch mass||1694 kg|
|Dimensions||1.5 x 1.5 x 3.2 metre|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||31 March 2023 (planned) |
|Rocket||Falcon 9 Block 5|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral, SLC-40|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit (planned)|
|Period||2-day global coverage 60° instrument view angle|
|Band||S-Band - Command & Telemetry|
Ka-Band - Science Data
|Ocean Color Instrument (OCI)|
Spectro-Polarimeter for Planetary Exploration (SPEXone)
Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter #2 (HARP2)
Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) is a NASA Earth-observing satellite mission that will continue and advance observations of global ocean color, biogeochemistry, and ecology, as well as the carbon cycle, aerosols and clouds. PACE will be used to identify the extent and duration of phytoplankton blooms and improve understanding of air quality. These and other uses of PACE data will benefit the economy and society, especially sectors that rely on water quality, fisheries and food security.
The mission is currently in construction, after being proposed for cancellation under President's Trump FY 2018 budget but restored by Congress. The PACE project is managed by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. The main instrument and bus are being designed and built at Goddard Space Flight Center.
On 4 February 2020, NASA announced the selection of SpaceX to launch PACE on a Falcon 9, at a total cost to NASA of US$80.4 million, including the launch service and other mission-related costs. The PACE mission has a cost cap of US$805 million. As of February 2021, PACE is scheduled for launch on 31 March 2023.
PACE was called Pre-Aerosol, Cloud, and ocean Ecosystem (PACE). PACE was approved to move forward out of its preliminary stage of planning on 16 June 2016 at the Key Decision Point-A (KDP-A) event. A significant milestone for this next stage is that the official mission budget becomes available for use on 1 July 2016, project manager Andre Dress said.
PACE has two fundamental science goals: "to extend key systematic ocean color, aerosol, and cloud data records for Earth system and climate studies, and to address new and emerging science questions using its advanced instruments, surpassing the capabilities of previous and current missions". The ocean and atmosphere are directly connected, moving and transferring energy, water, nutrients, gases, aerosols, and pollutants. Aerosols, clouds, and phytoplankton can also affect one another.
PACE will measure atmospheric particles and clouds that scatter and absorb sunlight. Improved characterization of aerosol particles will enable quantifying their impact on marine biology and ocean chemistry, as well as Earth's energy budget and ecological forecasting. PACE will enable scientists to better monitor fisheries, identify harmful algal blooms, and observe changes in marine resources. The color of the ocean is determined by the interaction of sunlight with substances or particles present in seawater such as chlorophyll, a green pigment found in most phytoplankton species. By monitoring global phytoplankton distribution and abundance, the mission will contribute toward understanding the complex systems that drive ocean ecology.
The ocean play a critical role in supporting life on Earth as well as the global economy. To understand changes in ocean health related to climate change; formulation of science objectives and sensor requirements for an advanced ocean biology satellite mission began in the year 2000 with a NASA agency-wide carbon cycle initiative that included ocean, terrestrial, and atmospheric disciplines.
The instrument requirements for this ocean ecology mission are: