Plastics industry

Summary

The plastics industry manufactures polymer materials—commonly called plastics—and offers services in plastics important to a range of industries, including packaging, building and construction, electronics, aerospace, and transportation.

It is part of the chemical industry. In addition, as mineral oil is the major constituent of plastics, it therefore forms part of the petrochemical industry.

Besides plastics production, plastics engineering is an important part of the industrial sector. The latter field is dominated by engineering plastic as raw material because of its better mechanical and thermal properties than the more widely used commodity plastics.

CompaniesEdit

MarketsEdit

According to PlasticsEurope, the top three markets for plastics are packaging, building and construction, and automotive.[1]

ProductionEdit

Plastics production has been growing globally. The numbers include thermoplastics and polyurethanes, as well as thermosets, adhesives, coatings and sealants and PP-fibers.[1] Data was gathered by PlasticsEurope (PEMRG) and Consultic, or the nova-institute.[2][3]

World plastics production in Mt
year Megatonnes
2002 204
2007 250
2009 257
2011 279
2012 288
2013 299
2018 380

However, in 2020 A.D. the COVID-19 pandemic has had a devastating effect on the fossil fuel and petrochemical industry. Natural gas prices have dropped so low that gas producers were burning if off on-site (not being worth the cost to transport it to cracking facilities). In addition, bans on single-use consumer plastic (in China, the European Union, Canada, and many countries in Africa), and bans on plastic bags (in several states in the USA) has reduced demand for plastics considerably. Many cracking facilities in the USA have been suspended. The petrochemical industry has been trying to save itself by attempting to rapidly expand demand for plastic products worldwide (i.e. through pushbacks on plastic bans and by increasing the number of products wrapped in plastic in countries where plastic use is not already as widespread (i.e. developing nations)).[4]

HistoryEdit

  • Alexander Crum Brown discovered the carbon double bond in ethylene
  • James Swinburne, the Father of British Plastics, revolutionized the plastics industry in Europe.
  • Leo Baekeland, whom created the first plastic, Bakelite.
  • Hermann Staudinger, who received the Nobel Prize for his discoveries of Macromolecules and Polymers, the chemical backbone of plastics.

AssociationsEdit

United StatesEdit

EuropeEdit

United KingdomEdit

IndiaEdit

InternationalEdit

Countries and sitesEdit

  • Beccles is a town in England which is a center of the plastics industry
  • Erie, Pennsylvania is a center of the plastics industry in the United States
  • Oyonnax is called Plastic Valley in France
  • Stenungsund is a town in Sweden which is considered to be a centre for the plastic industry in Scandinavia

InitiativesEdit

Journals and conferencesEdit

Trade ShowsEdit

  • NPE – National Plastics Expo (USA)
  • Chinaplas (China)
  • K (Germany)
  • Plastimagen (Mexico)
  • Plastindia and Plastivision (India)
  • Plastpol (Poland)
  • Interplas (United Kingdom)
  • Interplastica (Russia)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Plastics – the Facts 2014/2015; An analysis of European plastics production, demand and waste data" (PDF). www.plasticseurope.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-01-30. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  2. ^ "consultic – consultic". www.consultic.de. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  3. ^ Chinthapalli, Raj; Skoczinski, Pia; Carus, Michael; Baltus, Wolfgang; de Guzman, Doris; Käb, Harald; Raschka, Achim; Ravenstijn, Jan (2019-08-01). "Biobased Building Blocks and Polymers—Global Capacities, Production and Trends, 2018–2023". Industrial Biotechnology. 15 (4): 237–241. doi:10.1089/ind.2019.29179.rch. ISSN 1550-9087.
  4. ^ Will coronavirus be the death or salvation of Big Plastic ?

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Plastics industry at Wikimedia Commons