Polybutadiene acrylonitrile

Summary

Polybutadiene acrylonitrile (PBAN)[1] copolymer, also noted as polybutadieneacrylic acidacrylonitrile terpolymer[2] is a copolymer compound used most frequently as a rocket propellant fuel mixed with ammonium perchlorate oxidizer.[3] It was the binder formulation widely used on the 1960s–1970s big boosters (e.g., Titan III and Space Shuttle SRBs).

Polybutadiene acrylonitrile is also sometimes used by amateurs due to simplicity, very low cost, and lower toxicity than the more common hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB). HTPB uses isocyanates for curing, which have a relatively quick curing time; however, they are also generally toxic. PBAN based propellants also have a slightly higher performance than HTPB based propellants.[4] PBAN is normally cured with the addition of an epoxy resin, taking several days at elevated temperatures to cure.

Usages

PBAN was to be used in the Constellation program, later canceled, as this copolymer was to be used in the first stage of the Ares I rocket in five segments. However future versions of Ares I were discussed using liquid propellants as a potential alternative. PBAN is currently slated to be used in the solid rocket boosters on the SLS rocket. [5]

References

  1. ^ Stephen D. Heister; William E. Anderson; Timothée L. Pourpoint; R. Joseph Cassady (7 February 2019). Rocket Propulsion. Cambridge University Press. pp. 250–. ISBN 978-1-108-42227-7.
  2. ^ T.L. Varghese; V.N. Krishnamurthy (3 January 2017). The Chemistry and Technology of Solid Rocket Propellants (A Treatise on Solid Propellants). Allied Publishers. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-93-85926-33-4.
  3. ^ ITC (HS) Classifications of Export and Import Items: Incorporating Amendments Till 31 July, 2009. On behalf of Directorate General of Foreign Trade by the Controller of Publications. 2009.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2010-08-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Orbital ATK ramps up Booster production for SLS maiden flight". 14 October 2015.