Polycrates (sophist)


Polycrates (c.440-370 B.C.) was a sophist of Athens, who later retired to Cyprus.[1][2][3]


He wrote a work variously titled (here given as), The Indictment of Socrates, thought written sometime during the 390's B.C. and also works, according to one source lauding, to another condemning, the individual Clytaemnestra, who was known to have murdered her husband, and Busiris who killed and ate his guests. In addition to this verses on cooking pots, mice, counters, pebbles and salt.[1][2][4][5][6][7]

The poet Aeschrion of Samos also claimed that Polycrates was the author of the sex manual traditionally attributed to Philaenis of Samos.[8]


  1. ^ a b John Lemprière (1839). A Classical Dictionary containing a copious account of all the proper names mentioned in antient authors with the value of coins, weights and measures, used among the Greeks and Romans, and a chronological table. T Cadell 1893. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b D Russell, St John's College Oxford (2012). The Oxford Classical Dictionary (p.1176). Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199545568. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  3. ^ O'Grady, Patricia (2013). The Sophists: An Introduction. A&C Black. pp. 155–156. ISBN 9781472521194. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  4. ^ William Keith Chambers Guthrie - Socrates (p.11) Cambridge University Press, 1971 (reprint, revised) ISBN 0521096677 Volume 2 of Fifth-Century Enlightenment [Retrieved 2015-05-02]
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Polycrates of Athens" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 23; see line two. He composed declamations on paradoxical themes
  6. ^ Jacqueline de Romilly - A Short History of Greek Literature (p.128) University of Chicago Press, 1985 ISBN 0226143120 [Retrieved 2015-05-02]
  7. ^ Richard Bentley, Alexander Dyce - Anglistica and Americana (p.193-4) Georg Olms Verlag 1836 ISBN 3487401932 [Retrieved 2015-05-02]
  8. ^ West, M. L. (1977). "Erinna". ZPE. 25: 118.