Pope Adeodatus II

Summary

Pope

Adeodatus II
Papacy began11 April 672
Papacy ended17 June 676
PredecessorVitalian
SuccessorDonus
Personal details
BornRome, Byzantine Empire
Died(676-06-17)17 June 676
Rome, Byzantine Empire
Other popes named Adeodatus

Pope Adeodatus II (died 17 June 676), sometimes called Deodatus, was the bishop of Rome from 672 to his death. He devoted much of his papacy to improving churches and fighting Monothelism.

Rise

Born in Rome, Adeodatus was the son of a man named Jovinianus. became a Benedictine monk of the Roman cloister of St Erasmus on the Caelian Hill. He became pope on 11 April 672 in succession to Vitalian. His election was ratified by the exarch of Ravenna within weeks, as required during the period of Byzantine papacy. At the time, he was already an old man.[1]

Pontificate

Adeodatus II's pontificate is extremely obscure. It coincided with a surge of passionate interest in Pope Martin I and Maximus the Confessor, who were known for resisting the support of the Eastern Roman emperors for Monothelism. In light of this, Pope Adeodatus rejected the synodical letters sent to him by Patriarch Constantine I of Constantinople. Because of this, his name was excluded from the diptychs in Constantinople.[1] Adeodatus was active in improving monastic discipline and in the repression of Monothelitism and gave Venice the right to choose its doge. During his pontificate the basilica of St. Pietro at the eight milestone of Via Portuense. St Erasmus was also reconstructed.[2] Elected as Pope on 11 April 672, Adeodatus II did not get involved in political events and disengaged himself from the events at the time surrounding Monothelitism.[3]

Pope Adeodatus II devoted his reign to the restoration of churches in disrepair. He protected the Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul (known as St. Augustine's Abbey), exempted Marmoutier Abbey, Tours (Abbey of St. Martin of Tours) from the authority of the Holy See, and led improvements to St. Erasmus' monastery. He is sometimes called saint and 26 June is given as his feast day, but this is disputed.[3] Adeodatus II's papacy did not contribute by a large amount to society. He died on 17 June 676 and was succeeded by Donus.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Attwater, Aubrey (1939). A Dictionary of Popes: From Peter to Pius XII. p. 74.
  2. ^ Kelly, J N D (2010). A Dictionary of Popes. Oxford University Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-19-929581-4.
  3. ^ a b c "Adeodatus II". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 3 August 2015.

References

  • Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Adeodatus" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Vitalian
Pope
672–676
Succeeded by
Donus