3D model (JSmol)
|UN number||1847 1382|
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||110.262 g/mol|
|Melting point||840 °C (1,540 °F; 1,110 K)|
|Boiling point||912 °C (1,674 °F; 1,185 K) (decomposes)|
|converts to KSH, KOH|
|Solubility in other solvents||soluble in ethanol, glycerol |
insoluble in ether
|Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):|
|Causes skin burns. Dangerous for the environment|
|P260, P264, P273, P280, P301+P330+P331, P303+P361+P353, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P310, P321, P363, P391, P405, P501|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|(what is ?)|
Potassium sulfide is an inorganic compound with the formula K2S. The colourless solid is rarely encountered, because it reacts readily with water, a reaction that affords potassium hydrosulfide (KSH) and potassium hydroxide (KOH). Most commonly, the term potassium sulfide refers loosely to this mixture, not the anhydrous solid.
It adopts "antifluorite structure," which means that the small K+ ions occupy the tetrahedral (F−) sites in fluorite, and the larger S2− centers occupy the eight-coordinate sites. Li2S, Na2S, and Rb2S crystallize similarly.
In the laboratory, pure K2S may be prepared by the reaction of potassium and sulfur in anhydrous ammonia. 
Sulfide is highly basic, consequently K2S completely and irreversibly hydrolyzes in water according to the following equation:
For many purposes, this reaction is inconsequential since the mixture of SH− and OH− behaves as a source of S2−. Other alkali metal sulfides behave similarly.