Power density


Power density is the amount of power (time rate of energy transfer) per unit volume.[1]

Power density
SI unitW/m3
In SI base unitskg·m−1s−3
Derivations from
other quantities

In energy transformers including batteries, fuel cells, motors, power supply units etc., power density refers to a volume, where it is often called volume power density, expressed as W/m3.

In reciprocating internal combustion engines, power density (power per swept volume or brake horsepower per cubic centimeter) is an important metric, based on the internal capacity of the engine, not its external size.


Storage material Energy type Specific power (W/kg) Power density (W/m3)
Hydrogen (in star) Stellar fusion 0.00184 276.5
Plutonium Alpha decay 1.94 38,360
Supercapacitors Capacitance up to 15000 Variable
Lithium-Ion Chemical ~250-350 ~700

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Jelley, N. A. (Nicholas Alfred), 1946-. A dictionary of energy science. [Oxford]. ISBN 978-0-19-182627-6. OCLC 970401289.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)