Practicum is the American term for a work placement and is an undergraduate or graduate-level course, often in a specialized field of study, that is designed to give students supervised practical application of a previously or concurrently studied field or theory.[1] Practicums (student teaching) are common for education, mental health counselor, and social work majors. In some cases, the practicum may be a part-time student teaching placement that occurs the semester before a student's full-time student teaching placement.[2]

The process resembles an internship; however, a practicum focuses on observation over work experience.[2] In the case of student teaching placements within the United States, students gain insight into the professional responsibilities of classroom teachers by working under the direct supervision of experienced, state-licensed educators.[3] Student educators work directly with cooperating teachers to plan and implement effective lessons using a variety of teaching strategies and methods to provide differentiated instruction within classrooms and meet the needs of diverse students.[3] To ensure the safety of students and faculty members, background checks are required and must be completed before any teaching candidate can begin their practicum experience.[4]

References Edit

  1. ^ "Definition of PRACTICUM". Retrieved 2019-10-04.
  2. ^ a b "What is the Difference Between a Practicum and an Internship?". Best Counseling Degrees. Retrieved 2019-10-04.
  3. ^ a b "Practicum and Clinical Experiences". Iowa State University. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  4. ^ "Practicum Policies". Missouri State University. Retrieved 2020-04-01.