Preventable fraction among the unexposed

Summary

In epidemiology, preventable fraction among the unexposed (PFu), is the proportion of incidents in the unexposed group that could be prevented by exposure. It is calculated as , where is the incidence in the exposed group, is the incidence in the unexposed group, and is the relative risk.[1][2] It is a synonym of the relative risk reduction.

It is used when an exposure reduces the risk, as opposed to increasing it, in which case its symmetrical notion is attributable fraction among the exposed.

Numerical exampleEdit

Example of risk reduction
Quantity Experimental group (E) Control group (C) Total
Events (E) EE = 15 CE = 100 115
Non-events (N) EN = 135 CN = 150 285
Total subjects (S) ES = EE + EN = 150 CS = CE + CN = 250 400
Event rate (ER) EER = EE / ES = 0.1, or 10% CER = CE / CS = 0.4, or 40%
Variable Abbr. Formula Value
Absolute risk reduction ARR CEREER 0.3, or 30%
Number needed to treat NNT 1 / (CEREER) 3.33
Relative risk (risk ratio) RR EER / CER 0.25
Relative risk reduction RRR (CEREER) / CER, or 1 − RR 0.75, or 75%
Preventable fraction among the unexposed PFu (CEREER) / CER 0.75
Odds ratio OR (EE / EN) / (CE / CN) 0.167

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aschengrau, Ann; Seage, George R. (2014). Essentials of epidemiology in public health (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 67. ISBN 9781449657338. OCLC 826123155.
  2. ^ Rothman, Kenneth J.; Greenland, Sander; Lash, Timothy L. (2012). Modern epidemiology (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 9780781755641. OCLC 169455558.