|Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji|
|Government of Fiji|
Cabinet of Fiji
Office of the Prime Minister
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Status||Head of government|
|Appointer||President of Fiji|
|Term length||Four years|
|Precursor||Chief Minister of Fiji|
|Inaugural holder||Kamisese Mara|
|Formation||10 October 1970|
The prime minister of Fiji is the head of government of the Republic of Fiji. The prime minister is appointed by the president under the terms of the 2013 Constitution of Fiji. The prime minister is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses ministers.
As a former British colony, Fiji has largely adopted British political models and follows the Westminster, or Cabinet, system of government, in which the executive branch of government is responsible to the legislature. The prime minister is appointed by the president, but must be supported, or at least accepted, by a majority in the House of Representatives. If at any time the prime minister loses the "confidence" of the House, he must resign, along with the entire Cabinet. In practice, this usually reduces the prime minister's appointment to a formality, as the parliamentary leader of the majority political party or coalition is invariably appointed. If, however, no such majority party or coalition exists, whether due to electoral fragmentation or to party realignments after an election, the president's role becomes much more important. The president must endeavour to find a candidate acceptable to a majority in the House; if no such candidate can be found, the president must dissolve Parliament and call an election prematurely.
The prime minister of Fiji is technically the "first among equals," whose vote in meetings of the Cabinet carries no greater weight than that of any other minister. In practice, the prime minister dominates the government. Other ministers are appointed by the president, but on the prime minister's advice, and may be dismissed by him at any time (although his control over ministerial appointments may be tempered by the realities of coalition politics: the leader or leaders of coalition partners may insist on having a say in the matter too).
Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara was appointed Fiji's first prime minister on 10 October 1970, when Fiji attained its independence from Britain. Mara previously served as Fiji's first and only chief minister, from 20 September 1967 (while Fiji still was a British colony). Mara's first term as prime minister lasted until 13 April 1987. He returned to the office for the second term on 5 December 1987, serving until 2 June 1992. As of 2014, Mara is the longest-serving prime minister of Fiji.
|Portrait||Prime Minister||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Party||Election||Head(s) of state|
|Prime Ministers of the Dominion of Fiji|
|10 October 1970||13 April 1987||16 years, 185 days||Alliance||1972|
|13 April 1987||14 May 1987||31 days||Labour||1987||Elizabeth II|
|Vacant (14 May 1987 – 5 December 1987)[a]|
|Prime Ministers of the Republic of Fiji|
|5 December 1987||2 June 1992||4 years, 180 days||Independent||—||Ganilau|
|Major general (Rtd)|
|2 June 1992||19 May 1999||6 years, 351 days||SVT||1992|
|19 May 1999||27 May 2000||1 year, 8 days||Labour||1999||Mara|
|27 May 2000||27 May 2000||0 days||Labour||—||Mara|
|Vacant (27 May 2000 – 4 July 2000)[a]|
|4 July 2000||14 March 2001||253 days||Independent||—||Bainimarama|
|14 March 2001||16 March 2001||2 days||Labour||—||Iloilo|
|16 March 2001||5 December 2006||5 years, 264 days||SDL||2001|
|5 December 2006||4 January 2007||30 days||Independent||—||Bainimarama|
|5 January 2007||22 September 2014||7 years, 260 days||RFMF||—||Iloilo|
|22 September 2014||Incumbent||7 years, 124 days||FijiFirst||2014|