Progress 16

Summary

Progress 16
Progress drawing.svg
A Progress 7K-TG spacecraft
Mission typeSalyut 7 resupply
COSPAR ID1982-107A
SATCAT no.13638[1]
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftProgress (No.115)
Spacecraft typeProgress 7K-TG[2]
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Start of mission
Launch date31 October 1982, 11:20:36 UTC[1]
RocketSoyuz-U[2]
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 1/5
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date14 December 1982, 17:17 UTC[3]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude186 km[3]
Apogee altitude246 km[3]
Inclination51.6°[3]
Period88.8 minutes[3]
Epoch31 October 1982
Docking with Salyut 7
Docking portAft[3]
Docking date2 November 1982, 13:22 UTC
Undocking date13 December 1982, 15:32 UTC
 

Progress 16 (Russian: Прогресс 16) was a Soviet uncrewed Progress cargo spacecraft, which was launched in October 1982 to resupply the Salyut 7 space station.

Spacecraft

Progress 16 was a Progress 7K-TG spacecraft. The 16th of forty three to be launched, it had the serial number 115.[4][5] The Progress 7K-TG spacecraft was the first generation Progress, derived from the Soyuz 7K-T and intended for uncrewed logistics missions to space stations in support of the Salyut programme. On some missions the spacecraft were also used to adjust the orbit of the space station.[6]

The Progress spacecraft had a dry mass of 6,520 kilograms (14,370 lb), which increased to around 7,020 kilograms (15,480 lb) when fully fuelled. It measured 7.48 metres (24.5 ft) in length, and 2.72 metres (8 ft 11 in) in diameter. Each spacecraft could accommodate up to 2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb) of payload, consisting of dry cargo and propellant. The spacecraft were powered by chemical batteries, and could operate in free flight for up to three days, remaining docked to the station for up to thirty.[6]

Launch

Progress 16 launched on 31 October 1982 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Kazakh SSR. It used a Soyuz-U rocket.[2][7]

Docking

Progress 16 docked with the aft port of Salyut 7 on 2 November 1982 at 13:22 UTC, and was undocked on 13 December 1982 at 15:32 UTC.[3][8]

Decay

It remained in orbit until 14 December 1982, when it was deorbited. The deorbit burn occurred at 17:17 UTC, with the mission ending around 18:00 UTC.[3][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Launchlog". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Progress 1 - 42 (11F615A15, 7K-TG)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cargo spacecraft "Progress 16"". Manned Astronautics figures and facts. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007.
  4. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Progress 1 - 42 (11F615A15, 7K-TG)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
  6. ^ a b Hall, Rex D.; Shayler, David J. (2003). Soyuz: A Universal Spacecraft. Springer-Praxis. pp. 239–250. ISBN 1-85233-657-9.
  7. ^ "Progress 16". NASA. Retrieved 6 December 2020. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. ^ a b "Salyut 7". Astronautix. Retrieved 6 December 2020.