|Mission type||Salyut 7 resupply|
|Spacecraft type||Progress 7K-TG|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||31 October 1982, 11:20:36 UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur, Site 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||14 December 1982, 17:17 UTC|
|Perigee altitude||186 km|
|Apogee altitude||246 km|
|Epoch||31 October 1982|
|Docking with Salyut 7|
|Docking date||2 November 1982, 13:22 UTC|
|Undocking date||13 December 1982, 15:32 UTC|
Progress 16 was a Progress 7K-TG spacecraft. The 16th of forty three to be launched, it had the serial number 115. The Progress 7K-TG spacecraft was the first generation Progress, derived from the Soyuz 7K-T and intended for uncrewed logistics missions to space stations in support of the Salyut programme. On some missions the spacecraft were also used to adjust the orbit of the space station.
The Progress spacecraft had a dry mass of 6,520 kilograms (14,370 lb), which increased to around 7,020 kilograms (15,480 lb) when fully fuelled. It measured 7.48 metres (24.5 ft) in length, and 2.72 metres (8 ft 11 in) in diameter. Each spacecraft could accommodate up to 2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb) of payload, consisting of dry cargo and propellant. The spacecraft were powered by chemical batteries, and could operate in free flight for up to three days, remaining docked to the station for up to thirty.