Progress M-05M

Summary

Progress M-05M
Progress M-05M 2.jpg
Progress M-05M approaching the ISS.
Mission typeISS resupply
OperatorRoskosmos
COSPAR ID2010-018A
SATCAT no.36521
Mission duration201 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeProgress-M s/n 405
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Start of mission
Launch date28 April 2010, 17:15 UTC
RocketSoyuz-U
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 1/5
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date15 November 2010
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Inclination51.6°
Epoch28 April 2010
Docking with ISS
Docking portPirs
Docking date1 May 2010, 18:30 UTC
Undocking date25 October 2010, 14:25 UTC
Time docked177 days
Cargo
Mass2400 kg
Pressurised1497 kg (dry cargo)
Fuel870 kg
Water100 kg
Progress ISS Resupply
 

Progress M-05M (Russian: Прогресс М-05М), identified by NASA as Progress 37P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by the Russian Federal Space Agency in April 2010 to resupply the International Space Station (ISS).[1][2] The spacecraft carried fresh food and supplies for the ISS crew. Progress M-05M also hauled some special care packages for the station crew that included confectioneries, books and new movies.[3]

Launch

Launch of the Soyuz rocket carrying Progress M-05M.

The launch of Progress M-05M, which occurred at 17:15 UTC on 28 April 2010, was conducted from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome,[4] using a Soyuz-U carrier rocket.

The Progress M-05M spacecraft arrived at the Baikonur Cosmodrome by train on 19 March 2010.[5] Shortly after delivery, initial tests of its electronics and Kurs docking system began,[6] which were completed by 29 March 2010.[7] Further testing was subsequently conducted using an acoustic chamber between 1 and 3 April 2010.[8][9] It then underwent a series of leak checks in a vacuum chamber.[9] The spacecraft was fuelled for its mission on 19 April 2010,[10] and mated to its launch adaptor on 21 April 2010.[11] On 22 April 2010, the spacecraft underwent a final inspection before it was encapsulated in the payload fairing[12] It was then transported to the MIK integration building for installation atop the carrier rocket, on 24 April 2010.[13] It was rolled to the launch pad on 26 April 2010, and successfully launched two days later.

Docking

Progress M-05M approaches the ISS for docking.
Progress M-05M (background) is docked to the Pirs Docking Compartment.

Following three days of free flight,[14] Progress M-05M docked with the Pirs module of the ISS at 18:30 UTC on 1 May 2010.[15][16] During rendezvous operations, when Progress M-05M was about a kilometre from the station, its Kurs docking system failed. Cosmonaut Oleg Kotov used the backup TORU system to manually control the rendezvous and docking, setting a record for the furthest distance a Progress spacecraft was flown under manual control.[17][18]

The Progress M-03M spacecraft, which had previously been occupying the Pirs docking port, departed on 22 April 2010 to make way for Progress M-05M.[19]

Undocking

Progress M-05M remained docked with the space station until 25 October 2010.[20] The spacecraft undocked from the Pirs docking compartment at 14:25 UTC on 25 October 2010.[21] Expedition 25 Flight Engineer Fyodor Yurchikhin closed and performed leak checks on the hatch between the space station and Progress M-05M on 22 October 2010, completing preparations for the spacecraft's undocking. The undocking of Progress M-05M cleared the way for the launch of the Progress M-08M spacecraft on 27 October 2010 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. On 30 October 2010, Progress M-08M docked to the Pirs docking compartment vacated by Progress M-05M.

Decay

After undocking, the spacecraft was transferred to a lower orbit. The Progress M-05M spacecraft spent 21 days orbiting a safe distance from the space station. The autonomous mission enabled Russian scientists to conduct geophysical experiments before spacecraft's demise.

On 15 November 2010, Progress M-05M was deorbited and drowned in the South Pacific Ocean several thousand kilometers East of New Zealand.[22] Progress engines were activated by the onboard computer and retroburn was initiated at 8:50 UTC. The main engine operated for 186.2 seconds, providing the braking burn of 89.7 mps to the spacecraft. The remaining parts of the Progress M-05M, not burnt during the reentry fell down in the area of 47°57' South and 220°44'West at about 9:35 UTC.[23]

References

  1. ^ Justin Ray (28 April 2010). "Latest cargo ship heads for International Space Station". Spaceflightnow.com. Archived from the original on 2 May 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  2. ^ NASA (28 April 2010). "ISS Progress 37 Launches to Space Station". Retrieved 30 April 2010. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Tariq Malik (28 April 2010). "Robotic Russian Cargo Ship Launches Toward Space Station". SPACE.com. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Baikonur's Pad 1 Prepared for the Progress Launch". Roskosmos. 18 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  5. ^ "Progress M-05M Cargo Supply Vehicle Arrives at Baikonur". Roskosmos. 20 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Progress M-05M Undergoes Electrical Tests". Roskosmos. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  7. ^ "Progress M-05M: Autonomous Tests Completed". Roskosmos. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  8. ^ "Progress M-05M Accommodated in the Acoustic Chamber". Roskosmos. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Cargo Supply Vehicle Progress M-05M to Undergo Leak Tests". Roskosmos. 3 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  10. ^ "Progress M-05M Tanking is Performed at Baikonur". Roskosmos. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  11. ^ "Progress M-05M Upper Composite Assembled at Baikonur". Roskosmos. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  12. ^ "Baikonur: Progress M-05M Upper Composite Integration is Almost Completed". Roskosmos. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  13. ^ "Baikonur: Soyuz-U/Progress M-05M Launch Campaign Continues". Roskosmos. 25 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  14. ^ "MCC is Ready to Control Progress M-05M Mission". Roskosmos. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  15. ^ "Russian Progress freighter docks manually with ISS". RIA Novosti. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  16. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status". NASA. 1 May 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2010. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  17. ^ Ray, Justin (1 May 2010). "Cosmonaut takes control of resupply ship's docking". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  18. ^ Tariq Malik (1 May 2010). "Russian Cargo Ship Docks at Space Station Despite Malfunction". SPACE.com. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  19. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status". NASA. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2010. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  20. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status". NASA. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  21. ^ Russian Federal Space Agency (25 October 2010). "Progress M-05M Autonomous Mission". Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  22. ^ ITAR-TASS (15 November 2010). "Progress transport ship disposed of in Pacific". Retrieved 17 November 2010.[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ Russian Federal Space Agency (15 November 2010). "Progress M-05M Deorbited". Retrieved 17 November 2010.