Progress M-1


Progress M-1 (Russian: Прогресс М-1), was a Soviet uncrewed cargo spacecraft which was launched in 1989 to resupply the Mir space station.[1] The eighteenth of sixty four Progress spacecraft to visit Mir, it was the first Progress-M spacecraft to be launched, and had the serial number 201.[2] It carried supplies including food, water and oxygen for the Mir EO-5 crew aboard Mir, as well as equipment for conducting scientific research, and fuel for adjusting the station's orbit and performing manoeuvres. At the time of docking, Mir was uncrewed, and remained so until the arrival of the Mir EO-5 crew two weeks later.

Progress M-1
Mission typeMir resupply
COSPAR ID1989-066A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.20191
Mission duration100 days
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftProgress s/n 201
Spacecraft typeProgress-M 11F615A55
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7250 kg
Start of mission
Launch date23 August 1989, 03:09:32 UTC
RocketSoyuz-U2 s/n T15000-037
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 1/5
End of mission
Decay date1 December 1989, 11:21 UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude376 km
Apogee altitude393 km
Period90.0 minutes
Epoch23 August 1989
Docking with Mir
Docking portMir Core Module forward
Docking date25 August 1989, 05:19:02 UTC
Undocking date1 December 1989, 09:02:23 UTC
Time docked98 days
Mass2500 kg


Progress M-1 was launched at 03:09:32 UTC on 23 August 1989, atop a Soyuz-U2 carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.[2] It docked with the forward port of Mir Core Module at 05:19:02 UTC on 25 August 1989.[3][4] During the time it was docked, Mir was in an orbit of around 376 by 393 kilometres (234 by 244 mi). Progress M-1 remained docked with Mir for three months before undocking at 09:02:23 UTC on 1 December 1989[3] to make way for the Kvant-2 module.


Progress M-1 was deorbited at 10:32:00 UTC, a few hours after it had undocked.[3] It burned up in the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean, with remaining debris landing in the ocean at around 11:21 UTC.[5][3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Progress M-1". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 26 August 2009.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d Anikeev, Alexander. "Cargo spacecraft "Progress M"". Manned Astronautics - Figures & Facts. Archived from the original on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Progress M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Retrieved 26 August 2009.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 26 August 2009.