|Mission type||ISS resupply|
|Mission duration||215 days, 12 hours, 30 minutes|
|Spacecraft||Progress MS-13 s/n 443|
|Launch mass||7280 kg|
|Payload mass||2480 kg|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||6 December 2019,|
|Rocket||Soyuz-2.1a s/n N15000-034|
|Launch site||Baikonur, Site 31/6|
|Contractor||Progress Rocket Space Centre|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||8 July 2020, 22:05 UTC|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Docking with ISS|
|Docking date||9 December 2019,|
|Undocking date||8 July 2020, 18:22 UTC|
|Time docked||212 days, 7 hours, 46 minutes |
Progress MS-13 (Russian: Прогресс МC-13), Russian production No. 443, identified by NASA as Progress 74P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by Roscosmos to resupply the International Space Station. This is the 165th flight of a Progress spacecraft.
In 2014, the launch was originally scheduled for 16 October 2018, but in September 2019, it was rescheduled to 20 December 2019. This was then moved ahead to 6 December 2019.
To avoid docking with the ISS at the same time as SpaceX CRS-19, Progress MS-13 followed a slow three-day rendezvous trajectory rather than the fast-track three hour trajectory used on Progress MS-12. Progress MS-13 docked with the Pirs module at 10:38 UTC on 9 December 2019.
The Progress MS-13 spacecraft delivered 2480 kg of cargo, with 1350 kg being pressurized and 1130 kg being unpressurized. The following is a breakdown of cargo bound for the ISS:
On 3 July 2020 at 15:53 UTC, Progress MS-13 fired its engines to raise the International Space Station orbit 1 km for debris collision avoidance (COLA). This was the first COLA burn for International Space Station since 2015. The debris object 27923 (1987-079AG) was predicted to pass within 1 km of the station at 18:28 UTC on 3 July 2020 over the South Atlantic. The object was one of 42 cataloged from the 1996 breakup of a motor from Proton launcher in September 1987 that put three Glonass satellites in orbit.
According to Roskosmos, the vehicle undocked from the International Space Station on 8 July 2020, at 18:22 UTC. The Russian mission control commanded Progress MS-13 to fire its propulsion system on 8 July 2020, at 21:31 UTC. The maneuver resulted in the reentry of the spacecraft over a region of the Pacific Ocean at 22:05 on 8 July 2020. Eight minutes later, any surviving debris of the spacecraft were projected to hit the surface of the ocean, around 1800 km east of New Zealand.