|Mission type||ISS resupply|
|Spacecraft type||Progress MS|
|Launch mass||7000 kg|
|Payload mass||2460.5 kg|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||15 February 2021, 04:45:06 UTC |
|Launch site||Baikonur, Site 31|
|Contractor||Progress Rocket Space Centre|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||July 2021 (planned)|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Docking with ISS|
|Docking port||Pirs nadir|
|Docking date||17 February 2021, 06:27 UTC |
|Undocking date||July 2021 (planned)|
|Mass||2460.5 kg |
Progress MS-16 (Russian: Прогресс МC-16), Russian production No. 445, identified by NASA as Progress 77P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by Roscosmos to resupply the International Space Station (ISS). This is the 168th flight of a Progress spacecraft.
A Soyuz-2.1a launched Progress MS-16 to the International Space Station from Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31 on 15 February 2021 following a two-day, 34-orbit rendezvous profile. Progress MS-16 was docked on February 17, 2021 at 06:26:47 UTC using manual docking system operated by Expedition 64 commander Sergey Ryzhikov to the Pirs module of the ISS, where it is expected to remain until July 2021.
On 4 February 2021, Roskosmos said that Progress MS-16 had been installed back into its processing stand inside the assembly building at Site 254 for final pre-launch operations and loading of fresh food items in its cargo bay. The ship's cargo included 600 kg of propellant for refueling, 420 kg of drinking water in the Rodnik system, 40.5 kg of pressurized gases with extra nitrogen supplies and 1,400 kg of various equipment and supplies, including the repair kit with reinforced glue patches for temporary sealing of the Transfer Chamber, PrK, in the Zvezda Service Module (SM), Roskosmos said.
The Progress MS-16 spacecraft is loaded with 2,460.5 kg (5,424 lb) of cargo, with 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) of this being dry cargo.
The Progress MS-16 is expected to remain docked at the station until July 2021, when it will leave with the waste and the Pirs module, to enter the atmosphere of Earth for destruction over the South Pacific Ocean. The Nauka module will be launched on 15 July 2021, for docking on 23 July 2021.