Progress MS-20

Summary

Progress MS-20
NamesProgress 81P
Mission typeISS resupply
OperatorRoscosmos
Mission duration196 days (planned)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftProgress MS-20
Spacecraft typeProgress MS
ManufacturerEnergia
Launch mass7000 kg
Start of mission
Launch date3 June 2022 (planned)[1][2]
RocketSoyuz-2.1a
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31
ContractorProgress Rocket Space Centre
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited (planned)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Inclination51.65°
Docking with ISS
Progress ISS Resupply
Progress MS-21 →
 

Progress MS-20 (Russian: Прогресс МC-20), Russian production No.450, identified by NASA as Progress 81P, is a Progress spacecraft launched by Roscosmos to resupply the International Space Station (ISS). This will be the 173rd flight of a Progress spacecraft.

History

The Progress-MS is a uncrewed freighter based on the Progress-M featuring improved avionics. This improved variant first launched on 21 December 2015. It has the following improvements:[3][4][5][6]

  • New external compartment that enables it to deploy satellites. Each compartment can hold up to four launch containers. First time installed on Progress MS-03.
  • Enhanced redundancy thanks to the addition of a backup system of electrical motors for the docking and sealing mechanism.
  • Improved Micrometeoroid (MMOD) protection with additional panels in the cargo compartment.
  • Luch Russian relay satellites link capabilities enable telemetry and control even when not in direct view of ground radio stations.
  • GNSS autonomous navigation enables real time determination of the status vector and orbital parameters dispensing with the need of ground station orbit determination.
  • Real time relative navigation thanks to direct radio data exchange capabilities with the space station.
  • New digital radio that enables enhanced TV camera view for the docking operations.
  • Unified Command Telemetry System (UCTS) replaces previous Ukrainian Chezara Kvant-V as the Progress spacecraft's on-board radio and antenna/feeder system.
  • Replacement of the Kurs A with Kurs NA digital system.

Launch

On 3 February 2021, the State Commission for Testing of the Piloted Space Systems, chaired by Roskosmos head Dmitry Rogozin, approved the latest ISS schedule for 2021 and the first quarter of 2022.

A Soyuz-2.1a will launch Progress MS-20 to the International Space Station from Baikonur Site 31 on 3 June 2022[1][2] on a fast-track trajectory.[7][8] Around 3 hours 20 minutes after the launch, Progress MS-20 will automatically dock to the zenith (space-facing) port of the MIM2 Poisk module and continue its mission for 196 days, supporting Expedition 67 and Expedition 68 missions aboard the ISS.

Cargo

The Progress MS-20 spacecraft is loaded with 0 kg (0 lb) of cargo, with 0 kg (0 lb) of this being dry cargo.

  • Dry cargo: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Fuel: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Oxygen: 0 kg (0 lb)
  • Water: 0 kg (0 lb)

Undocking and decay

The Progress MS-20 is scheduled to remain docked at the station through late 2022, when it will depart with trash and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere for destruction over the South Pacific Ocean.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Россия отправит к МКС пять кораблей в 2022 году" [Russia will send five ships to the ISS in 2022]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 29 September 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b "FY 2022 Congressional Justification NASA Budget Request – Crew and Cargo Program – Project Schedule" (PDF). NASA. 28 May 2021. p. 225 (SO-30). Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  3. ^ Krebs, Gunter (1 December 2015). "Progress-MS 01-19". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Progress MS-20". NSSDCA. NASA. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 2 April 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ Zak, Anatoly. "Progress-MS cargo ship series". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  6. ^ Blau, Patrick (1 December 2015). "Progress MS Spacecraft". Spaceflight101. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  7. ^ Zak, Anatoly (9 February 2021). "ISS set for the Russian expansion". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
  8. ^ Zak, Anatoly (3 February 2021). "Planned Russian space missions in 2022". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 2 April 2021.