Prosigoj
Prince of Serbia
Prince of Serbia
Reign? – c. 830
PredecessorRadoslav
SuccessorVlastimir
BornSecond half of the 8th century
DiedFirst half of the 9th century
IssueVlastimir
DynastyVlastimirović
FatherRadoslav
ReligionSlavic pagan

Prosigoj (Serbian: Просигој, Greek: Προσηγόης)[a] was a Serbian ruler believed to have ruled prior to c. 830. Serbia was a Slavic principality subject to the Byzantine Empire, located in the western Balkans, bordering with Bulgaria in the east. Mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio (DAI) from the mid-10th century, he succeeded his father Radoslav and was succeeded by his son Vlastimir (r. c. 830–851).

Western Balkan polities in the early 9th century.

The son of Radoslav, and grandson of Višeslav,[1] the first Serbian ruler by name,[2] Prosigoj is believed to have ruled some time before c. 830,[3] or until 835.[4][better source needed] One of these most likely ruled during the revolt of Ljudevit of Lower Pannonia against the Franks (819–822).[5] According to Einhard's Royal Frankish Annals, Ljudevit fled from his seat at Sisak to the Serbs in 822,[5] with Einhard mentioning "the Serbs, who control the greater part of Dalmatia" (ad Sorabos, quae natio magnam Dalmatiae partem obtinere dicitur).[6] At this time, there was still peace with Bulgaria. His son Vlastimir is the eponymous founder of the Vlastimirović dynasty, which ruled until c. 960.

The four named succeeding Serbian rulers are not mentioned in the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (CPD),[7] a source dating to c. 1300–10[8] and largely discredited in historiography (the CPD is deemed useless for events in the Early Middle Ages).[9] Instead, the CPD mentions several historically unconfirmed or legendary rulers, Svevlad, Selimir, Vladin and Ratimir, although it maintains the patrilineal succession tradition.[10] According to Sima Lukin Lazić (1863–1904), Prosigoj was dead by the time of a Bulgar attack on Serbia following the Bulgar conquest of Frankish-held Banat and Syrmia.[11]

See also

Annotations

  1. ^ In the De Administrando Imperio, his name is spelled Προσηγόης, transcribed in Latin as Prosegoës or Prosegoïs.[12] It is a Slavic dithematic name, derived from the imperative prosi, prositi, meaning "asking, begging", and noun goj, meaning "peace" and "breeding", and is related to the name Prosimir.[13]

References

  1. ^ Samardžić & Duškov 1993, p. 24.
  2. ^ Blagojević & Petković 1989, p. 19; Živković 2006, pp. 22–23
  3. ^ Živković 2006, pp. 12–13.
  4. ^ Vojska. 14. Vojnoizdavački i novinski centar. 2005.
  5. ^ a b Ćirković 2004, pp. 14–15.
  6. ^ Pertz 1845, p. 83.
  7. ^ SANU 1934, p. 11.
  8. ^ Živković & Kunčer 2009, pp. 362–365. sfn error: no target: CITEREFŽivkovićKunčer2009 (help)
  9. ^ Živković 2006, pp. 16.
  10. ^ Živković 2006, p. 23.
  11. ^ Sima Lukin Lazić (1894). Kratka povjesnica Srba: od postanja Srpstva do danas. Štamparija Karla Albrehta. p. 37.
  12. ^ Winkelmann, Friedhelm (2001). Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit. W. de Gruyter. p. 36. ISBN 978-3-11-016674-3.
  13. ^ Univerza v Mariboru, Zgodovinsko društvo v Mariboru (1981). Review for history and ethnography. 15. Založba obzorja. p. 48.

Sources

Primary sources
  • Moravcsik, Gyula, ed. (1967) [1949]. Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio (2nd revised ed.). Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies.
  • Pertz, Georg Heinrich, ed. (1845). Einhardi Annales. Hanover.
  • Scholz, Bernhard Walter, ed. (1970). Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories. University of Michigan Press.
  • Кунчер, Драгана (2009). Gesta Regum Sclavorum. 1. Београд-Никшић: Историјски институт, Манастир Острог.
  • Живковић, Тибор (2009). Gesta Regum Sclavorum. 2. Београд-Никшић: Историјски институт, Манастир Острог.
Secondary sources
  • Blagojević, Miloš; Petković, Sreten (1989). Srbija u doba Nemanjića: od kneževine do carstva : 1168-1371 : ilustrovana hronika. TRZ "VAJAT".
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) [1997]. Istorija srpskog naroda (Internet ed.). Belgrade: Janus; Ars Libri.
  • Fine, John Van Antwerp Jr. (1991) [1983]. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
  • Ferjančić, Božidar (1959). "Posebna Izdanja - Vizantijski Izvori Za Istoriju Naroda Jugoslavije Tom 2". SAN.
  • Samardžić, Radovan; Duškov, Milan (1993). Serbs in European civilization. Nova. p. 24. ISBN 978-86-7583-015-3.
  • SANU (1934). Posebna izdanja. 103. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 11.
  • Živković, Tibor (2006). Portreti srpskih vladara (IX—XII vek). Belgrade. pp. 11–20. ISBN 86-17-13754-1.
  • Živković, Tibor (2002). Јужни Словени под византијском влашћу, 600-1025. Историјски институт.
  • Živković, Tibor (2008). Forging unity: The South Slavs between East and West 550-1150. Belgrade: The Institute of History, Čigoja štampa.
Prosigoj
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Radoslav
Prince of Serbia
? – c. 830
Succeeded by
Vlastimir