Proving ground

Summary

A proving ground (US), training area (Australia, Ireland, UK) or training centre (Canada) is an installation or reservation in which technology such as weapons, military tactics and automobile prototypes are experimented with or tested.

Proving grounds can be operated by government bodies or civilian industries.

Military and government

Asia

Republic of Korea

Australasia

Australia

Europe

Austria

Czech Republic

Military Area Boletice, Czech Republic

There are five proving grounds in the Czech Republic with the total area of 1296 km2.

Denmark

Finland

Germany

Ireland

Italy

Poland

  • Drawsko Pomorskie (340 km2), belonging to the Polish Army and Air Force since 1946 and also used by NATO since 1996. This facility is internationally known as DPTA (Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area). It is also an important archeological excavation site.
  • Ośrodek Szkolenia Poligonowego Wojsk Lądowych Żagań (about 34,000 ha) in Żagań County and Bolesławiec County, belonging to the Polish Land Forces and also used by NATO[citation needed]

Portugal

Spain

  • Chinchilla, Albacete (CENAD Chinchilla), 232 km2
  • San Gregorio, Zaragoza (CENAD San Gregorio), 340 km2

United Kingdom

Russia/former Soviet Union

In Russia, a designated area is usually called a "polygon" (Полигон).

North America

Canada

United States

In the United States, there are several military facilities that have been explicitly designated as proving grounds.

Automotive

Automotive proving grounds[4] or automotive test tracks serve the automotive industry for road vehicle testing. In the automotive development process, vehicle manufacturers typically test the behaviour of vehicles in various environments and traffic situations. Conventional vehicle testing usually focuses on the dynamic properties of vehicles. Test tracks generally encompass the engineering tasks of vehicle testing and validation.

With the advent of self-driving cars, new proving grounds specially dedicated for them have appeared, and existing conventional proving grounds have been retooled for the testing of highly automated or fully autonomous vehicles.[citation needed]

Automaker-owned

Independent

Source: [5]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Lewis, Jeffrey (June 28, 2017). "Anheung Proving Ground". Arms Control Wonk. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017.
  2. ^ Lewis, Jeffrey (June 24, 2017). "South Korean President Moon watched a missile test. We don't pay enough attention to South Korea's missiles. 1/". Twitter. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  3. ^ Poligono Sperimentale e di Addestramento Interforze del Salto di Quirra
  4. ^ Szalay, Zs.; Nyerges, Á.; Hamar, H.; Hesz, M. (2017). "Technical Specification Methodology for an Automotive Proving Ground Dedicated to Connected and Automated Vehicles". Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering. 45 (3): 168–174. doi:10.3311/PPtr.10708.
  5. ^ Szalay, Zs.; Nyerges, Á.; Hamar, H.; Hesz, M. (2017). "Technical Specification Methodology for an Automotive Proving Ground Dedicated to Connected and Automated Vehicles". Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering. 45 (3): 168–174. doi:10.3311/PPtr.10708.
  6. ^ KFZ-Testcenter, Triwo. "Teststrecken-Kalender | Triwo KFZ-Testcenter". www.triwo-testcenter.de (in German). Retrieved 17 January 2018.

Further reading

  • Edwin A. Martini (ed.), Proving Grounds: Militarized Landscapes, Weapons Testing, and the Environmental Impact of US Bases. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2015.

External links

  • Finnish ordnance center at mil.fi (in Finnish)
  • YakutiaChallenge
  • Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area
  • Otterburn Training Area