Punjab Legislative Assembly

Summary

The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in India. Sixteenth Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted in March 2022. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years unless dissolved sooner. The Speaker of the sixteenth assembly is Kultar Singh Sandhwan. The meeting place of the Legislative Assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.

Punjab Legislative Assembly
16th Legislative Assembly of Punjab
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established1952
Preceded byInterim East Punjab Assembly
Leadership
Kultar Singh Sandhwan, AAP
since 21 March 2022
TBA, AAP
since April 2022
Bhagwant Mann, AAP
since 16 March 2022
TBA, AAP
since April 2022
Pratap Singh Bajwa, INC
since 9 April 2022
Raj Kumar Chabbewal, INC
since 9 April 2022
Structure
Seats117
Punjab (India) Vidhan Sabha Parties 2022
Political groups
Government (92)
  •   AAP (92)

Opposition (19)

Others (6)

Length of term
5 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
First election
26 March 1952
Last election
20 February 2022
Next election
February 2027 or earlier
Meeting place
Palace of Assembly Chandigarh 2007.jpg
Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh, India
Website
Homepage
Constitution
Constitution of India

HistoryEdit

In the British Raj, an Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 79 members.

After the independence of India, on 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 that state was largely merged into Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was trifurcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced to 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha was grown by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.[1]

LegislatureEdit

The legislature comprises the governor and the Punjab Legislative Assembly, which is the highest political organ in the state. The governor has the power to summon the assembly or to close the same. All members of the legislative assembly are directly elected, normally once in every five years by the eligible voters who are above 18 years of age. The current assembly consists of 117 elected members. The elected members select one of its own members as its chairman who is called the speaker of the assembly. The speaker is assisted by the deputy speaker who is also elected by the members. The conduct of a meeting in the house is the responsibility of the speaker.

The main function of the assembly is to pass laws and rules. Every bill passed by the house has to be finally approved by the governor before it becomes applicable.

The normal term of the legislative assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting.[2]

Sixteenth AssemblyEdit

In the Sixteenth Punjab Legislative Assembly, 92 members of the ruling Aam Aadmi Party form the treasury benches. The main opposition party in the assembly is Indian National Congress with 18 seats. The other parties which are in opposition are Shiromani Akali Dal Bharatiya Janata Party Bahujan Samaj Party and Independent. AAP MLA, Kultar Singh Sandhwan was announced as the speaker of the assembly.[3]

Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann took the oath of office on March 16 at Khatkar Kalan, the ancestral village of Bhagat Singh. Inderbir Singh Nijjar took the oath as Protem Speaker. On 17 March Nijjar administered the oath of office to all the 117 legislators of the Sixteenth Punjab Legislative assembly.[4] Other 10 cabinet ministers of the Mann ministry, took oath on 19 March.

LeadersEdit

House Leader Portrait Since
Constitutional Posts
Governor Banwarilal Purohit   31 August 2021
Speaker Kultar Singh Sandhwan[5]   21 March 2022
Leader of the House

(Chief Minister)

Bhagwant Mann   16 March 2022
Political posts
Leader of AAP legislature party Bhagwant Mann   16 March 2022
Leader of Opposition

(Leader of INC legislature party)

Pratap Singh Bajwa   9 April 2022
Party Group Leader

(SAD)

Manpreet Singh Ayali   April 2022

CompositionEdit

Seat Share

  AAP - 92 (78.6%)
  INC - 18 (15.4%)
  SAD - 3 (2.5%)
  BJP - 2 (1.7%)
  BSP - 1 (0.9%)
  IND - 1 (0.9%)

By alliance and partyEdit

Alliance Party Seats Legislative

Party Leader

Won [6] Change
None Aam Aadmi Party 92   72 Bhagwant Singh Mann[7]
UPA Indian National Congress 18   59 Partap Singh Bajwa
SAD+ Shiromani Akali Dal 3   12 Manpreet Singh Ayali[8]
Bahujan Samaj Party 1   1 Nachhatar Pal
NDA Bharatiya Janata Party 2   1 Ashwani Kumar Sharma
None Independents 1   1 Rana Inder Partap Singh
Total 117

By constituencyEdit

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
Pathankot District
1 Sujanpur Naresh Puri Indian National Congress
2 Bhoa (SC) Lal Chand Kataruchakk Aam Aadmi Party
3 Pathankot Ashwani Kumar Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
Gurdaspur District
4 Gurdaspur Barindermeet Singh Pahra Indian National Congress
5 Dina Nagar (SC) Aruna Chaudhary Indian National Congress
6 Qadian Partap Singh Bajwa Indian National Congress
7 Batala Amansher Singh (Shery Kalsi) Aam Aadmi Party
8 Sri Hargobindpur (SC) Amarpal Singh Aam Aadmi Party
9 Fatehgarh Churian Tripat Rajinder Singh Bajwa Indian National Congress
10 Dera Baba Nanak Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa Indian National Congress
Amritsar District
11 Ajnala Kuldip Singh Dhaliwal Aam Aadmi Party
12 Rajasansi Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria Indian National Congress
13 Majitha Ganieve Kaur Majithia Shiromani Akali Dal
14 Jandiala (SC) Harbhajan Singh E.T.O. Aam Aadmi Party
15 Amritsar North Kunwar Vijay Pratap Singh Aam Aadmi Party
16 Amritsar West (SC) Jasbir Singh Sandhu Aam Aadmi Party
17 Amritsar Central Ajay Gupta Aam Aadmi Party
18 Amritsar East Jeevan Jyot Kaur Aam Aadmi Party
19 Amritsar South Dr. Inderbir Singh Nijjar Aam Aadmi Party
20 Attari (SC) Jaswinder Singh Aam Aadmi Party
Tarn Taran District
21 Sri Tarn Taran Sahib Dr. Kashmir Singh Sohal Aam Aadmi Party
22 Khemkaran Sarvan Singh Dhun Aam Aadmi Party
23 Patti Laljit Singh Bhullar Aam Aadmi Party
24 Sri Khadoor Sahib Manjinder Singh Lalpura Aam Aadmi Party
Amritsar District
25 Baba Bakala (SC) Dalbir Singh Tong Aam Aadmi Party
Kapurthala District
26 Bholath Sukhpal Singh Khaira Indian National Congress
27 Kapurthala Rana Gurjeet Singh Indian National Congress
28 Sultanpur Lodhi Rana Inder Pratap Singh Independent politician
29 Phagwara (SC) Balwinder Singh Dhaliwal Indian National Congress
Jalandhar District
30 Phillaur (SC) Vikramjit Singh Chaudhary Indian National Congress
31 Nakodar Inderjit Kaur Mann Aam Aadmi Party
32 Shahkot Hardev Singh Laddi Indian National Congress
33 Kartarpur (SC) Balkar Singh Aam Aadmi Party
34 Jalandhar West (SC) Sheetal Angural Aam Aadmi Party
35 Jalandhar Central Raman Arora Aam Aadmi Party
36 Jalandhar North Avtar Singh Junior Indian National Congress
37 Jalandhar Cantonment Pargat Singh Indian National Congress
38 Adampur (SC) Sukhwinder Singh Kotli Indian National Congress
Hoshiarpur District
39 Mukerian Jangi Lal Mahajan Bharatiya Janata Party
40 Dasuya Karambir Singh Ghuman Aam Aadmi Party
41 Urmar Jasvir Singh Raja Gill Aam Aadmi Party
42 Sham Chaurasi (SC) Dr. Ravjot Singh Aam Aadmi Party
43 Hoshiarpur Bram Shanker Aam Aadmi Party
44 Chabbewal (SC) Dr. Raj Kumar Chabbewal Indian National Congress
45 Garhshankar Jai Krishan Singh Aam Aadmi Party
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District
46 Banga (SC) Dr. Sukhwinder Kumar Sukhi Shiromani Akali Dal
47 Nawan Shahr Dr. Nachhatar Pal Bahujan Samaj Party
48 Balachaur Santosh Katariaa Aam Aadmi Party
Rupnagar District
49 Anandpur Sahib Harjot Singh Bains Aam Aadmi Party
50 Rupnagar Dinesh Chadha Aam Aadmi Party
51 Chamkaur Sahib (SC) Dr Charanjit Singh Aam Aadmi Party
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
52 Kharar Anmol Gagan Maan Aam Aadmi Party
53 S.A.S. Nagar Kulwant Singh Aam Aadmi Party
Fatehgarh Sahib District
54 Bassi Pathana (SC) Rupinder Singh Aam Aadmi Party
55 Fatehgarh Sahib Lakhbir Singh Rai Aam Aadmi Party
56 Amloh Gurinder Singh Garry Aam Aadmi Party
Ludhiana District
57 Khanna Tarunpreet Singh Sond Aam Aadmi Party
58 Samrala Jagtar Singh Aam Aadmi Party
59 Sahnewal Hardeep Singh Mundian Aam Aadmi Party
60 Ludhiana East Daljit Singh Grewal Aam Aadmi Party
61 Ludhiana South Rajinder Pal Kaur Chhina Aam Aadmi Party
62 Atam Nagar Kulwant Singh Sidhu Aam Aadmi Party
63 Ludhiana Central Ashok Prashar Pappi Aam Aadmi Party
64 Ludhiana West Gurpreet Gogi Aam Aadmi Party
65 Ludhiana North Madan Lal Bagga Aam Aadmi Party
66 Gill (SC) Jiwan Singh Sangowal Aam Aadmi Party
67 Payal (SC) Manwinder Singh Gyaspura Aam Aadmi Party
68 Dakha Manpreet Singh Ayali Shiromani Akali Dal
69 Raikot (SC) Hakam Singh Thekedar Aam Aadmi Party
70 Jagraon (SC) Saravjit Kaur Manuke Aam Aadmi Party
Moga District
71 Nihal Singh Wala (SC) Manjit Singh Bilaspur Aam Aadmi Party
72 Bhagha Purana Amritpal Singh Sukhanand Aam Aadmi Party
73 Moga Dr. Amandeep Kaur Arora Aam Aadmi Party
74 Dharamkot Devinder Singh Laddi Dhos Aam Aadmi Party
Ferozpur District
75 Zira Naresh Kataria Aam Aadmi Party
76 Firozpur City Ranveer Singh Bhullar Aam Aadmi Party
77 Firozpur Rural (SC) Rajnish Dahiya Aam Aadmi Party
78 Guru Har Sahai Fauja Singh Srari Aam Aadmi Party
Fazilka District
79 Jalalabad Jagdeep Kamboj Goldy Aam Aadmi Party
80 Fazilka Narinderpal Singh Sawna Aam Aadmi Party
81 Abohar Sandeep Jakhar Bharatiya Janata Party
82 Balluana (SC) Amandeep Singh ‘Goldy’ Musafir Aam Aadmi Party
Sri Muktsar Sahib District
83 Lambi Gurmeet Singh Khudian Aam Aadmi Party
84 Gidderbaha Amrinder Singh Raja Warring Indian National Congress
85 Malout (SC) Dr. Baljit Kaur Aam Aadmi Party
86 Muktsar Jagdeep Singh Brar Aam Aadmi Party
Faridkot District
87 Faridkot Gurdit Singh Sekhon Aam Aadmi Party
88 Kotkapura Kultar Singh Sandhwan Aam Aadmi Party
89 Jaitu (SC) Amolak Singh Aam Aadmi Party
Bathinda District
90 Rampura Phul Balkar Singh Sidhu Aam Aadmi Party
91 Bhucho Mandi (SC) Master Jagsir Singh Aam Aadmi Party
92 Bathinda Urban Jagroop Singh Gill Aam Aadmi Party
93 Bathinda Rural (SC) Amit Rattan Kotfatta Aam Aadmi Party
94 Talwandi Sabo Baljinder Kaur Aam Aadmi Party
95 Maur Sukhvir Maiser Khana Aam Aadmi Party
Mansa District
96 Mansa Vijay Singla Aam Aadmi Party
97 Sardulgarh Gurpreet Singh Banawali Aam Aadmi Party
98 Budhlada (SC) Budhram Singh Aam Aadmi Party
Sangrur District
99 Lehragaga Barinder Kumar Goyal Aam Aadmi Party
100 Dirba (SC) Harpal Singh Cheema Aam Aadmi Party
101 Sunam Aman Arora Aam Aadmi Party
102 Malerkotla (SC) Mohammad Jamil Ur Rehman Aam Aadmi Party
103 Amargarh Jaswant Singh Gajjan Majra Aam Aadmi Party
104 Dhuri Bhagwant Mann Aam Aadmi Party
105 Sangrur Narinder Kaur Bharaj Aam Aadmi Party
Barnala District
106 Bhadaur Labh Singh Ugoke Aam Aadmi Party
107 Barnala Meet Hayer Aam Aadmi Party
108 Mehal Kalan (SC) Kulwant Singh Pandori Aam Aadmi Party
Patiala District
109 Nabha (SC) Gurdev Singh Dev Maan Aam Aadmi Party
110 Patiala Rural Balbir Singh Aam Aadmi Party
111 Rajpura Neena Mittal Aam Aadmi Party
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar
112 Dera Bassi Kuljit Singh Randhawa Aam Aadmi Party
Patiala District
113 Ghanaur Gurlal Ghanaur Aam Aadmi Party
114 Sanour Harmit Singh Pathanmajra Aam Aadmi Party
115. Patiala Ajit Pal Singh Kohli Aam Aadmi Party
116 Samana Chetan Singh Jaura Majra Aam Aadmi Party
117 Shutrana (SC) Kulwant Singh Bazigar Aam Aadmi Party

Past election resultsEdit

Years Others Total
INC SAD AAP BJP IND
1952 96 13 ~ ~ 9 8 126
1957 120 ^ 13 21 154
1962 90 19 18 27
1967 48 ^ 9 47 104
1969 38 43 4 17
1972 66 24 3 11
1977 17 58 2 40 117
1980 63 37 1 2 14
1985 32 73 6 4 2
1992 87 3 6 4 20
1997 14 75 18 6 4
2002 62 41 3 9 2
2007 44 49 19 5 0
2012 46 56 12 3 0
2017 77 15 20 3 0 2
2022 18 3 92 2 1 1
  • ^ - Party didn't contest election
  • ~ - Party didn't exist
  • - Green color box indicates the party/parties who formed the government
  • - Red color box indicates the official opposition party

List of Punjab Legislative AssembliesEdit

Punjab Provincial Assembly (1937-1947)
Assembly Tenure Premier Party formed government Note
First sitting Date of dissolution
1 5 April 1937 19 March 1945 Sikandar Hayat Khan Unionist Party Assembly tenure extended due to World War II
Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana Assembly dissolved to conduct fresh and Impartial election
2 21 March 1946 4 July 1947 Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana Assembly dissolved since government resigned against Partition
Punjab Legislative Assembly (1947- present)
Assembly Tenure Chief Minister Party formed government Note
First sitting Date of dissolution
Interim 1 November 1947 20 June 1951 Gopi Chand Bhargava Indian National Congress Interim Assembly
Bhim Sen Sachar
Gopi Chand Bhargava
1st 3 May 1952 31 March 1957 Bhim Sen Sachar
Partap Singh Kairon
2nd 24 April 1957 1 March 1962 Partap Singh Kairon
3rd 13 March 1962 28 February 1967 Partap Singh Kairon Assembly under suspension from 5 July 1966 to 1 November 1966
Gopi Chand Bhargava
Ram Kishan
Gurmukh Singh Musafir
4th 20 March 1967 23 August 1968 Gurnam Singh Akali Dal - Sant Fateh Singh Assembly dissolved prematurely
Lachhman Singh Gill Punjab Janta Party
5th 13 March 1969 14 June 1971 Gurnam Singh Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
Parkash Singh Badal
6th 21 March 1972 30 April 1977 Zail Singh Indian National Congress Assembly tenure extended by one month due to Emergency
7th 30 June 1977 17 February 1980 Parkash Singh Badal Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
8th 23 June 1980 26 June 1985 Darbara Singh Indian National Congress Assembly suspended from 6 October 1983 and later dissolved due to Insurgency
9th 14 October 1985 11 May 1987 Surjit Singh Barnala Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely due to Insurgency
10 16 March 1992 11 February 1997 Beant Singh Indian National Congress -
Harcharan Singh Brar
Rajinder Kaur Bhattal
11 3 March 1997 26 February 2002 Parkash Singh Badal Shiromani Akali Dal
12 21 March 2002 27 February 2007 Amarinder Singh Indian National Congress
13 1 March 2007 6 March 2012 Parkash Singh Badal Shiromani Akali Dal
14 19 March 2012 11 March 2017 Parkash Singh Badal
15 24 March 2017 11 March 2022 Amarinder Singh Indian National Congress
Charanjit Singh Channi
16 17 March 2022 Bhagwant Mann Aam Aadmi Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Punjab Legislative Assembly". legislativebodiesinindia.nic.in. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Kerala Government - Legislature". Kerala Niyamasabha.
  3. ^ "Punjab Cabinet swearing-in Live Updates: From uprooting corruption to tackling drug addiction in Punjab — newly-inducted Ministers set targets". The Indian Express. 19 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  4. ^ "In Punjab Cabinet, Bhagwant Mann Keeps Home, Harpal Cheema Gets Finance". NDTV.com. 21 March 2022. Archived from the original on 21 March 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  5. ^ "AAP nominates party MLA Kultar Singh Sandhwan as next Punjab assembly speaker". Hindustan Times. 18 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Punjab Results Live". results.eci.gov.in. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  7. ^ Bhagwant Mann elected leader of legislative party leader
  8. ^ SAD appoints its new leader of legislative party

External linkEdit

  • "Record of all Punjab Assembly Elections". eci.gov.in. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 14 March 2022.