Pythia (gastropod)

Summary

Pythia is a genus of small air-breathing salt marsh snails, pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the subfamily Pythiinae of the family Ellobiidae.[1]

Pythia
Okihirashiinomi0903.jpg
A live individual of Pythia cecillei.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Heterobranchia
Order: Ellobiida
Superfamily: Ellobioidea
Family: Ellobiidae
Genus: Pythia
Röding, 1798
Type species
Pythia helicina
Röding, 1798
Synonyms[1]
  • Phytia (Incorrect subsequent spelling)
  • Pythia (Holcomphalia) Möllendorff, 1898 · alternate representation
  • Pythia (Pythia) Röding, 1798 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Pythia (Trigonopythia) Kobelt, 1898 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Scarabus Montfort, 1810

Pythia is a largely terrestrial genus commonly found in the Indo-Pacific. It lives in mangroves from above high tide to further inland. It is readily differentiated within the family by its dorso-ventrally flattened shell and heavily dentate aperture. Plate gave the first account of Pythia scarabaeus in 1897.[2]

Pythia is the type genus of the subfamily Pythiinae.

SpeciesEdit

According to the World Register of Marine Species, species in the genus Pythia include:[1]

  • Pythia albovaricosa L. Pfeiffer, 1853
  • Pythia anhi Thach, 2016
  • Pythia apiensis E. A. Smith, 1884
  • Pythia bischofi I. Rensch, 1937
  • Pythia bonneti (Cossmann, 1895)
  • Pythia borneensis (A. Adams, 1851)
  • Pythia castanea (Lesson, 1831)
  • Pythia cecillii (Philippi, 1847)
  • Pythia celebensis L. Pfeiffer, 1855
  • Pythia ceylanica L. Pfeiffer, 1853
  • Pythia chalcostoma (A. Adams, 1851)
  • Pythia chrysostoma Tapparone Canefri, 1883
  • Pythia colmani Martins, 1995
  • Pythia cumingiana (Petit de la Saussaye, 1843)
  • Pythia fimbriosa Möllendorff, 1885
  • Pythia imperforata (A. Adams, 1850)
  • Pythia inflata L. Pfeiffer, 1853
  • Pythia insularis (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1847)
  • Pythia lekithostoma Reeve, 1832
  • Pythia lozoueti Thach & F. Huber, 2021
  • Pythia macgillivrayi L. Pfeiffer, 1855
  • Pythia nana Bavay, 1908
  • Pythia ovata L. Pfeiffer, 1855
  • Pythia pantherina (A. Adams, 1851)
  • Pythia perovata Garrett, 1872
  • Pythia plicata (Férussac, 1821)
  • Pythia pyramidata (Reeve, 1842)
  • Pythia savaiensis (Mousson, 1869)
  • Pythia scarabaeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pythia semisulcata (A. Adams, 1851)
  • Pythia sinuosa (A. Adams, 1851)
  • Pythia striata (Reeve, 1842)
  • Pythia tortuosa Mousson, 1871
  • Pythia trigona (Troschel, 1838)
  • Pythia undata (Lesson, 1831)
  • Pythia variabilis (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1847)
 
Pythia plicata
Taxon inquirendum
  • Pythia albovaricosa Pfeiffer, 1853
  • Pythia pachyodon Pilsbry & Y. Hirase, 1908 (taxon inquirendum)
Species brought into synonymy
  • Pythia acuminata (Morelet, 1889): synonym of Myosotella myosotis (Draparnaud, 1801) (junior synonym)
  • Pythia argenvillei L. Pfeiffer, 1853: synonym of Pythia scarabaeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pythia cecillei (Philippi, 1847): synonym of Pythia cecillii (Philippi, 1847) (unjustified emendation to original species name, Scarabus cecillii Philippi, 1847)
  • Pythia ferminii Beck, 1838: synonym of Ovatella firminii (Payraudeau, 1826)
  • Pythia gassiesi Crosse, 1895: synonym of Pythia undata (Lesson, 1831) (junior subjective synonym)
  • Pythia helicina Röding, 1798: synonym of Pythia scarabaeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pythia letourneuxi (Bourguignat, 1887): synonym of Myosotella denticulata (Montagu, 1803): synonym of Myosotella myosotis (Draparnaud, 1801)
  • Pythia petiveriana (Férussac, 1821): synonym of Pythia pantherina (A. Adams, 1851) (junior synonym)
  • Pythia reeveana Pfeiffer, 1853: synonym of Pythia pantherina (A. Adams, 1851) (junior synonym)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Bouchet, P. (2011). Pythia Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=560065 on 2011-12-04
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-17. Retrieved 2011-12-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp

External linksEdit

  • Röding, P.F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturæ quæ olim collegerat Joa. Fried Bolten, M. D. p. d. per XL. annos proto physicus Hamburgensis. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia & multivalvia. Trapp, Hamburg. viii, 199 pp
  • Kobelt, W. (1897-1901). Die Familie Auriculacea. Zweiter Theil. In: Systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet von Martini und Chemnitz, Ersten Bandes, sechzehnte Abtheilung, zweiter Theil. (1) 16 (2, 433): pls. 10, 11, 13 (1897); (1) 16 (2, 435): 77-108, pls. 12, 14-18 (1898); (1) 16 (2, 437): 109-180, pls. 19-24 (1898); (1) 16 (2, 438): 181-228, pls. 25-30 (1898); (1) 16 (2, 458): 229-268, pls. 31, 32 (1900); (1) 16 (2, 460): 269-316 (1901). Nürnberg (Bauer & Raspe).
  • Montfort P. [Denys de. (1808-1810). Conchyliologie systématique et classification méthodique des coquilles. Paris: Schoell. Vol. 1: pp. lxxxvii + 409]
  • Möllendorff, O. F. von. (1898). Verzeichnis der auf den Philippinen lebenden Landmollusken. Abhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Görlitz. 22: 26-208.


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