|Lefferts Boulevard−JFK Airport|
New Flyer Xcelsior XD60 5391 bus operating on the Q10
|System||MTA Regional Bus Operations|
|Operator||MTA Bus Company|
|Communities served||Kew Gardens, Richmond Hill, Ozone Park, South Ozone Park|
|Start||Kew Gardens, Queens – Queens Boulevard / Kew Gardens Road & 80th Road|
|Via||Lefferts Boulevard, Rockaway Boulevard|
|End||South Ozone Park, Queens – 149th Avenue & 150th Avenue|
JFK Airport – Terminal 5 (full route)
|Length||8 miles (13 km)|
|Operates||24 hours[note 1]|
|Annual patronage||7,341,090 (2017)|
|Fare||$2.75 (MetroCard or coins)|
|Cash||Coins only (exact change required)|
The Q10 bus route constitutes a public transit line in Queens, New York City, United States, running primarily along Lefferts Boulevard between a transfer with the New York City Subway in Kew Gardens to Terminal 5 at John F. Kennedy International Airport. Formerly privately operated by Green Bus Lines, the route is currently city-operated under the MTA Bus Company brand of MTA Regional Bus Operations.
Route description and service
There are two variants of the Q10: a local-stop version making all stops, and a limited-stop service that skips certain stops. The limited-stop service runs every day from about 6:00 AM to 9:00 PM.
The southbound Q10 begins at the Kew Gardens–Union Turnpike subway station at Kew Gardens Road and 80th Road, where transfer is available to the E and F trains. It then turns left on 80th Road, and then left onto Austin Street, heading southeast. Afterward, the Q10 turns right onto Lefferts Boulevard, where it continues south until Rockaway Boulevard. At this point, Q10 locals turn left onto Rockaway Boulevard to serve the South Ozone Park neighborhood, and then run southwest via 130th Street and east via 150th Avenue. The Q10 local turns right along 134th Street, then runs southward and eastward via the Van Wyck Expressway service road to Terminal 5. Meanwhile, at Rockaway Boulevard, Q10 limited-stop buses take a shorter route, continuing south via Lefferts Boulevard until it crosses under the AirTrain JFK's Lefferts Boulevard station, and then turns left via Pan Am Road. At the Van Wyck Expressway service road, limited-stop buses turn right, and run southward and eastward via the expressway's service road to John F. Kennedy International Airport's Terminal 5. During the PM rush hour, some Q10 locals start at Queens Boulevard and 80th Road, running to 150th Avenue or JFK Central Terminal.
The northbound Q10 begins at Terminal 5, then travels west and north along the expressway and its service road. At Federal Circle, the Q10 goes around the traffic circle and turns westward, and shortly afterward, turns right along 130th Place and west along Pan Am Road. At this point, Q10 limited-stop buses continue along Pan Am Road before turning right on Lefferts Boulevard and heading north. Q10 local buses resume their circuitous route through South Ozone Park, continuing north along 134th Street, west along 150th Avenue, north along 130th Street, west along Rockaway Boulevard, and then north along Lefferts Boulevard. Both the local and limited-stop variants continue north and then northeast until Kew Gardens Road, where they turn left and run to 80th Road. During the morning rush hour, some northbound Q10 locals start at 150th Avenue.
Until 2006, an express service called the Q10A had run from the Kew Gardens subway station to JFK Airport Terminal 4, via the Van Wyck Expressway, operating non-stop from Kew Gardens to Federal Circle. There were six Q10A trips, all running toward JFK Airport during morning rush hours. The service was replaced by the Q10 Limited.
The first iteration of the Q10 came about on April 28, 1921, and was operated by the Richmond Hill Bus Corporation. The New York City Department of Plant & Structures temporarily took over the route and named it DPS Route 53. Afterwards, the Q10 route number was assigned. Originally the Q10 had three destinations; one was at Old South Road, which is at the current intersection of the Belt Parkway and North and South Conduit Avenues at Lefferts, another was at Hamilton Beach, and the final destination was Richmond Hill Circle, which was not near Richmond Hill, and it was located about a half-mile south of 130th Street and the Belt Parkway. The trips to Old South Road later went to Rockaway Boulevard. This branch received the most service, with buses running every two minutes during rush hours. Service to Hamilton Beach ran every eight minutes during rush hours. This branch did not run early in the morning, stopping at 1:40 a.m..
On November 11, 1932, the Board of Estimate approved the forms of contract for nine companies, Travelers Bus Company, which had been incorporated on October 9, 1931, and was seeking the franchise for the Q10 bus route. On December 30, 1932, Travelers Bus Lines obtained a one-year franchise for the bus route. The company received a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity for the duration of the franchise which became effective on March 17, 1933. On July 4, 1934, the route was extended 3 miles (4.8 km). On June 5, 1935, the city granted a new franchise contract for the extended route for a period lasting between the expiration date of the first contract and a date no later than December 31, 1938.
In 1936, Queens was divided into four zones, for bus operating franchise purposes. With the new zone setup, one company would be awarded the franchise in each zone, with any remaining smaller operations acquired by the larger company. The Q10 fell into Zone C, the zone for Ozone Park, Woodhaven, Richmond Hill, and the Rockaways, and the route was awarded to Green Bus Lines. On November 15, 1936, Q10 service began to be operated by Green Bus Lines, and on this date Travelers Bus Lines ceased operations.
On March 19, 1941, the terminal loop of the route was changed to provide a safer connection to the Independent Subway System (IND) at Kew Gardens. Originally, Kew Gardens-bound Q10 buses traveled northeast along Lefferts Boulevard before turning left onto Austin Street, right on 80th Road, and then right at Kew Gardens Road, where the buses discharged passengers. Subway commuters had to dodge traffic at Kew Gardens Road, and three traffic deaths at the intersection had occurred during the past few years, leading Councilman James A. Burke to plead for a change in the bus route. As a result, the Police Commissioner, Cornelius O'Leary, changed the direction of traffic on Austin Street between Lefferts Boulevard and 83rd Drive (now Mowbray Drive), and reversed the direction of traffic on 80th Road. With the change, buses continued northeast along Lefferts Boulevard one more block to Kew Gardens Road, terminating on the north side of the street adjacent to the subway entrance. Buses entering service here turned onto 80th Road and then went along Austin Street to Lefferts Boulevard. This terminal loop has remained unchanged as of July 2018[update].
On February 9, 1962, the Board of Estimate approved Green Bus Lines' petition to modify its franchise to create the Q10A express bus route to Idlewild Airport. The fare was 25 cents, and the route ended at the boundary line at the airport.
On January 9, 2006, the MTA Bus Company took over the operations of the Green Bus Line routes. Under the MTA on September 3, 2006, Q10A service was discontinued, due to low ridership and parallel service from the AirTrain JFK. The Q10A was replaced by the Q10 Limited, which made limited stops along the entire route, and ran on weekdays and on Saturdays. At that time, Q10 service to all JFK terminals except Terminal 4 was replaced by AirTrain JFK. On April 6, 2008, limited service was expanded to Sundays.
Beginning on September 4, 2011, Q10 local buses on the Lefferts Boulevard branch were rerouted to remain on Lefferts Boulevard south of Conduit Avenue, and to continue along Lefferts Boulevard and Pan Am Roadd into JFK Airport, where they returned to their regular route along 130th Place. The Conduit Avenue branch of the Q10 was discontinued and Q10 buses stopped accessing JFK Airport at 134th Street.
In spring 2013, 60-foot (18 m) articulated buses began replacing the standard 40-foot (12 m) buses on the route. The Q10 was the second route in Queens to receive articulated buses, after the Q44. The Q10 got articulated buses because its buses were overcrowded, being the third busiest route in the city. The use of articulated buses received positive feedback from commuters, but opposition from some local residents and business owners to potential traffic issues and loss of parking spaces.
On February 24, 2013, Q10 short-turn buses terminating at 150th Avenue and 149th Street stopped running via 150th Avenue. Instead, the bus route was changed, with buses running via South Conduit Avenue between 130th Street and 134th Street. The route was changed in order to avoid congestion at the sanitation yard on 150th Street. An additional reason for the change was to allow buses to avoid making a turn onto South Conduit Avenue from 132nd Street, because there is no traffic light at this intersection and vehicles often pass at high speeds, often causing severe delays. Additionally, 132nd Street is a narrow residential block. On April 28, 2013, all Q10 buses that ran via Lefferts Boulevard south of Rockaway Boulevard became limited-stop only, discontinuing stops at Sutter Avenue, 133rd Avenue, and 149th Avenue. A limited bus stop was added at 150th Avenue. At this time, the hours of the Q10 Limited were expanded, running between 5:30 AM–11:30 PM weekdays, and 6:15 AM–11:30 PM on Saturdays and Sundays, similar to former Lefferts Boulevard branch local service hours. On January 8, 2018, the Q10 was rerouted in JFK Airport in order to provide a more direct route. Two low-volume stops were eliminated as the route was rerouted from 150th Avenue and the Van Wyck Expressway Service Road to using 134th Street. The Q10 Limited is one of several corridors proposed for conversion into a Select Bus Service route.
- Limited Service operates only during the day
- "MTA Bus Operations Committee Meeting May 2011" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 12, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- "MTA Bus Operations Committee Meeting December 2012" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- MTA Regional Bus Operations. "Q10 bus schedule" (PDF).
- "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- "The MTA 2006 ANNUAL REPORT: Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Year Ended December 31, 2006 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Year Ended December 31, 2006" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "Analysis of Routes and Ridership of a Franchise Bus Service: Green Bus Lines" (PDF). utrc2.org/. City College of New York. October 2000. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- "Appendix B: Route Profiles" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- Urbitran Associates, Inc (May 2004). "NYCDOT Bus Ridership Survey and Route Analysis Final Report: Chapter 4 Operating and Financial Performance" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- "January 2006 Q10/Q10A Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. MTA Bus Company. Archived from the original on April 14, 2006. Retrieved July 15, 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- "NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "54 Bus Routes Win Approval By City". nytimes.com. The New York Times. January 28, 1931. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
- Welsh, Frederick J. (February 27, 1948). "Only Mild Criticism from Q-10 Users" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- Welsh, Frederick J. (February 27, 1948). "Q-10 Riders Mildly Assail Bus Service" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "9 Bus Routes In Queens Win O.K. Of Board". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 11, 1932. p. 2. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
- New York (State). Transit Commission. (1922). Annual report /. Columbia University Libraries. Albany, N.Y. : J.B. Lyon Co. pp. 116, 574.
- Sixteenth Annual Report For the Calendar Year 1936. Department of Public Service Metropolitan Division Transit Commission. 1937. p. 633.
- "New York Legislative Documents 1938 v.16". HathiTrust. p. 624. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
- "Bus Franchises For Queens Are Granted by City: 12-Year Old Problem Is Solved by Action of Board of Estimate". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 24, 1936. Retrieved January 1, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Local Bus Route Taken Over By New Operator". The Leader-Observer. November 19, 1936. p. 8. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
- "Burke Hailed As Champion Of Bus Riders: Traffic Rerouting to End Kew Garden Muddle Effective Today" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. March 19, 1941. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "A Picture History of Kew Gardens, NY - 'YE Olde Route Delivery" by Alan Linsky". www.oldkewgardens.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "Express Bus to Idlewild OK'd by Board". Long Island Star-Journal. February 9, 1962. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- Silverman, Norman (July 26, 2010). "The Merger of 7 Private Bus Companies into MTA Bus" (PDF). apta.com. American Public Transportation Association, Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 16, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Lueck, Thomas J. (April 23, 2005). "City to Buy Private Bus Company for Service in Three Boroughs". The New York Times. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- "Mayor Bloomberg Announces MTA Takeover of Green Bus Lines". The official website of the City of New York. January 8, 2006. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "Fall 2007 Q10 Bus Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
- "Transit Committee Meeting June 2012" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- "MTA Bus Company Service Advisories". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2008. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- "Effective Sunday, September 4, 2011 Route changed in South Ozone Park". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 1, 2011. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "JFK Airport Terminal 4 Bus Stop Relocation". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2012. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- Trangle, Sarina (March 31, 2014). "Kew Gdns. opposes Q10 bus changes". TimesLedger. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- Rafter, Domenick (October 24, 2013). "CB 9 articulates ire on articulated buses". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
- Rafter, Domenick (February 20, 2014). "CB 9 still does not like Q10 artic buses: Residents, businesses say parking is an issue, but some commuters are happy". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- Rafter, Domenick (February 18, 2013). "MTA changes routes for three area buses". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "Effective Sunday, February 24, 2013 Route Adjustment and Bus Stop Change in South Ozone Park". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 21, 2013. Archived from the original on April 21, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
- "Effective Sunday, April 28, 2013 Lefferts Blvd Branch to be Limited-Stop Only". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
- "New York City Transit and Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 23, 2017. p. 143–147. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
- "2017 Bus Forward" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Transportation. October 20, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.