Hillside Avenue Line[1]
Jamaica−Queens Village/City Line[2]
This image cannot be displayed.
SystemMTA Regional Bus Operations
OperatorNew York City Transit Authority
GarageQueens Village Depot
Communities servedJamaica, Queens Village
ViaHillside Avenue


Q43: Floral Park – 268th Street and Hillside Avenue
Length6.6 miles (10.6 km) (Q1)[3]
0.0 miles (0 km)
0.0 miles (0 km)
Other routesn22 (Jamaica−Hicksville)[4][5]
n22X (Jamaica−Hicksville Express)[4][5]
n22A (Jamaica−Roosevelt Field)[4][5]
Operates24 hours[note 1][note 2][6][7][8]
RidershipQ1: 1,452,330 (2015)[9]
Q36: 1,801,158 (2015)[9]
Q43: 4,507,252 (2015)[9]
TimetableQ1 Q36 Q43
← M116 (Manhattan)
 {{{system_nav}}}  Q2
Q44 →

The Q1, Q36, and Q43 bus routes constitute a public transit line in Queens, New York City, United States. The routes run primarily along Hillside Avenue from the Jamaica, Queens commercial and transportation hub towards several eastern Queens neighborhoods on the city border with Nassau County. Originally operated by the North Shore Bus Company until 1947, all four routes are now operated by MTA Regional Bus Operations under the New York City Transit brand.

Route description and service

A westbound Q43 bus turning onto Sutphin Boulevard in Jamaica.

The Q1, Q36, and Q43 are the primary bus services along Hillside Avenue, sharing the corridor between Merrick Boulevard (near the 165th Street Bus Terminal) and 212th Street. Several other routes provide service along the corridor east of the bus terminal before diverging north or south to other streets. During rush hours, the Q36 and Q43 provide limited-stop service in the peak direction (towards Jamaica mornings; towards eastern Queens afternoons). At these times, there is no Q36 or Q43 local service; local service is provided by the Q1 and other routes.[6][7][8][4] The corridor also parallels the short eastern portion of the New York City Subway's IND Queens Boulevard Line along Hillside Avenue, and transfers to the F and <F>​ trains are available at Parsons Boulevard, 169th Street, and Jamaica–179th Street.[4]


The Q1 begins at Bays 4 and 5 of the 165th Street Bus Terminal. It runs north along Merrick Boulevard to Hillside Avenue, then proceeds east along Hillside Avenue. At adjacent intersections with Springfield Boulevard and Braddock Avenue, the Q1 splits into two branches. One runs south along Springfield to Jamaica Avenue at the Queens Village Long Island Rail Road station. This terminal is shared with the Q88; continued service south along Springfield requires transfer to the Q27. The second branch runs south along Braddock Avenue, terminating at 243rd Street and the Cross Island Parkway in Bellerose. Immediately south and east, Braddock Avenue merges into Jamaica Avenue/Jericho Turnpike along the border with the Nassau County village of Bellerose.[2][6][4][10][11][12] During late night hours, the Q1 serves both Springfield Boulevard and Braddock Avenue as a single clockwise loop, running south along Braddock, west along Jamaica Avenue, then north along Springfield back towards Jamaica.[6][4][10][11] In total, it is about 6.6 miles (10.6 km) long.[3]


A Q36 operating on Little Neck Parkway, via the former Q79 route.

The Q36 begins at Bay 6 of the 165th Street Bus Terminal. It runs east along Hillside Avenue to 212th Street/212th Place, turns south, then follows Jamaica Avenue (later continuous with Jericho Turnpike) east along the Queens-Nassau county border. Most Q36 buses terminate at 257th Street in Floral Park just past Little Neck Parkway, the southeastern corner of Queens.[7][4][11][12] On weekdays, some Q36 buses turn north onto Little Neck Parkway and run nearly the entire length of the street, terminating at the LIRR's Little Neck station at the northern end of Queens.[7][4][11][12] Prior to June 2010, this was the separate Q79 route, which shared its southern terminus with the Q36's eastern terminus.[11][15]

Q36 Limited buses make all stops east of 212th Place, and run local along the entire Little Neck Parkway corridor.[7][4] On weekdays, Little Neck service begins during the AM rush period, with every fourth or fifth limited bus running to or from Little Neck in the peak direction during rush hours. Off-peak weekday service, including all midday service, alternates between Floral Park and Little Neck. Early morning, late night, and weekend service operates only to Floral Park.[7]


Two Q43 buses at the route's eastern terminus, 268th Street in Floral Park.

The Q43 runs along nearly the entire length of Hillside Avenue. It begins at Archer Avenue and Sutphin Boulevard, at the Sutphin Boulevard – Archer Avenue – JFK Airport subway station and the Jamaica terminal for the Long Island Rail Road and AirTrain JFK. The bus route travels north along Sutphin Boulevard, then east along Hillside Avenue to 268th Street in Floral Park, Queens, at the border with North New Hyde Park in Nassau County.[8][4][11][12] Q43 Limited buses make all stops between Springfield Boulevard and 268th Street.[8][4]

Other local bus service

Between Merrick Boulevard and Francis Lewis Boulevard, five additional Queens bus routes (Q2, Q3, Q17, Q76 and Q77) provide service along Hillside Avenue. All these routes begin at the 165th Street Bus Terminal, except the Q17 which terminates two blocks south at Archer Avenue. At 188th Street, the Q17 turns north towards Fresh Meadows and Flushing. The Q2 and Q3 meanwhile turn south, running towards Belmont Park and John F. Kennedy International Airport respectively. At Francis Lewis Boulevard, the Q76 turns north along Francis Lewis towards Bayside, Whitestone, and College Point. The Q77 turns south along Francis Lewis towards Springfield Gardens. The Q17 also provides limited-stop service along its short segment of the corridor.[4]

Express bus service

Express service along the corridor is provided by the X68, which makes stops along the corridor between Main Street and 268th Street in the peak direction. The X68 runs to and from Midtown Manhattan.[4]

Nassau Inter-County Express service

There are several bus routes operated by Nassau Inter-County Express that also run along the Hillside Avenue corridor. Within New York City limits, NICE bus routes only drop off passengers in the westbound direction (toward Jamaica) and pick up passengers in the eastbound direction (toward Nassau County).[4][5] The entirety of Hillside Avenue is served by the n22 and n26. East of city limits, the n22 continues east to Mineola, Roosevelt Field, and Hicksville, while the n26 travels north to Great Neck. In addition, the n6 and n24 and rush-hour n1 service runs on Hillside Avenue between Jamaica and Francis Lewis Boulevard. All three routes turn south at Francis Lewis Boulevard, then east on Jamaica Avenue. The n1 travels south to Hewlett; the n6 travels east to Hempstead Transit Center in Hempstead, New York, via Hempstead Turnpike; and the n24 travels east to Roosevelt Field via Jericho Turnpike.[5]


A Q43 bus

Early history

Service on the Q1, which was originally operated by Hillside Transportation Company, first operated in 1914. Service on this route began between Guilford Street station and Hollis via Hillside Avenue.[16][17] The Q1 was later operated by Nevin-Queens Bus Corporation until February 17, 1935,[18][19]:589 when its operations were transferred to the North Shore Bus Company. North Shore operated the Q1 until November 1936.[20] Z&M Coach Company then operated the route until June 30, 1939,[21] upon which the North Shore Bus Company operated the Q1 again.[22][23]

Service on the Q36 bus began in April 1926, being operated by Schenck Transportation.[24] The Q36 was also operated by North Shore Bus Company at some point in the 1930s, though it is unclear if Z&M Coach also operated the route.[25] Service on the Q43 began on May 24, 1939; it was operated by Schenck Transportation.[26]

In May 1941, the Q1's western terminus was truncated from the Long Island Rail Road's Jamaica station to the 165th Street Bus Terminal; the Q43 continued to run to Jamaica station.[27] Simultaneously, as a result of wartime shortage during World War II, North Shore was directed to reduce its rush-hour service by 20%.[28]

Ridership on the Q43 grew quickly. By April 1941, Q43 buses that left the Jamaica LIRR station at Archer Avenue and Parsons Boulevard were regularly filled to capacity by the time they turned onto Hillside Avenue several blocks north. North Shore Bus agreed to provide more buses, but this was insufficient to accommodate all of the ridership.[29] The decline in North Shore's service prompted an investigation by the Long Island Star-Journal, a local publication.[28] In 1946, following the end of the war, North Shore ordered 50 additional buses for all of its routes, though only ten had been delivered by February 1947.[30][29]

City operation

On March 30, 1947, North Shore Bus was taken over by the Board of Transportation (later the New York City Transit Authority), making the bus routes city operated.[31][32][25][23] The city immediately added 120 new vehicles to ten bus routes, including the Hillside bus routes.[33] Under municipal operations, service on the Q43 was increased on April 3 of that year.[32][34]

On June 28, 1954, express service on the Q43 began, with expresses leaving the City Line between 7 a.m. and 8:12 a.m. and leaving from the 179th Street subway station between 5:30 p.m. and 6:28 p.m. at 8-minute intervals. These buses ran in the peak direction and were expected to save 2 to 3 minutes.[35]

Express bus service began along the corridor on August 2, 1971, as the Q18X, as the first New York City Transit express service between Queens and Manhattan.[36] The route was renumbered the X18 in 1976, before being renumbered to its current designation, the X68, on April 15, 1990.[37]

In January 1993, peak-direction limited-stop service replaced peak-direction local service on the Q43. These buses began to make limited stops between 179th Street and Springfield Boulevard.[38] The suggestion for this service originated from the Bellerose Commonwealth Civic Association in 1991.[39] On April 7, 2008, limited-stop service on the Q36 was introduced, saving up to 5 minutes per trip. Q36 buses began to make limited stops between the 179th Street subway station and 212th Street, where that bus diverges from Hillside Avenue.[40]

In January 2013, alternate weekday Q36 buses started running along Little Neck Parkway, using the alignment of the former Q79 route that had been eliminated in June 2010. This change was made as part of the MTA's Service Enhancement Plan, which was released in July 2012, and was intended to restore network coverage.[41][42][43][44] The extension also gave the Little Neck Parkway corridor a one-seat ride to the subway at the Jamaica–179th Street station on Hillside Avenue. Q36 buses to the LIRR station in Little Neck were scheduled every 30 minutes, as opposed to connecting with every LIRR train due to the LIRR's erratic schedule, as well as to ensure reliability along the bus route.[11]:61


  1. ^ a b Q36 Little Neck Parkway service operates weekdays only
  2. ^ When limited-stop service operates, Q36 and Q43 local buses do not operate in the peak direction


  1. ^ New York City Board of Estimate (September 19, 1938). "Hearing-Omnibus Operations". Long Island Daily Press. p. 8. Retrieved February 25, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  2. ^ a b North Shore Bus Company (July 29, 1942). "For the Convenience of Queens Bus Riders". Long Island Daily Press. p. 4. Retrieved February 21, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  3. ^ a b "Notice of Public Hearing: Franchise Matters". Long Island Daily Press. January 27, 1939. p. 19. Retrieved February 18, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Queens Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e "NASSAU INTER-COUNTY EXPRESS System Map" (PDF). Nassau Inter-County Express, Transdev. July 2018. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d MTA Regional Bus Operations. "Q1 bus schedule" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b c d e f MTA Regional Bus Operations. "Q36 bus schedule" (PDF).
  8. ^ a b c d MTA Regional Bus Operations. "Q43 bus schedule" (PDF).
  9. ^ a b c "Facts and Figures". mta.info. August 28, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  10. ^ a b "MTA Bus Time: Q1 Queens Village / Bellerose - Jamaica via Springfield Blvd / Braddock Av / Hillside Av". mta.info. MTA Bus Time.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Northeast Queens Bus Study" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). September 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c d e "1975 Queens Bus Map". wardmaps.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1975. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  13. ^ "Queens Bus Map" (PDF). nycityhealth.com. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). September 1999. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 16, 2015. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  14. ^ "Queens Bus Map: Notes" (PDF). archive.org. mta.info. December 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 23, 2003. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  15. ^ For historic Queens bus maps showing the Q79, see:[12][13][14]
  16. ^ "NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  17. ^ District, New York (State) Public Service Commission 1st (January 1, 1915). Report of the Public Service Commission for the First District of the State of New York. J.B. Lyon Company, printers.
  18. ^ "North Shore Takes Over 2 Nevin Routes". Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. February 8, 1935. p. 1. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  19. ^ Sixteenth Annual Report For the Calendar Year 1936. Department of Public Service Metropolitan Division Transit Commission. 1937.
  20. ^ "Bus Routes Change Hands: Z and M to Take Over Q-1 and Q-32". Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. November 8, 1936. p. 1. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  21. ^ "Franchise for Zone D Area Is Legalized". Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. June 27, 1939. p. 1. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  22. ^ "Legal Notices; Franchise Matters". Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. April 9, 1945. p. 8. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  23. ^ a b "Bus Route Changes Set for 3 Boroughs" (PDF). The New York Times. June 10, 1959. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  24. ^ "NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  25. ^ a b Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  26. ^ "NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  27. ^ "Notice to North Shore Bus Patrons" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. May 10, 1941. p. 2. Retrieved February 11, 2019 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  28. ^ a b Welsh, Frederick J. (October 15, 1945). "Queens Plaza Crowds Unmatched In World!". Long Island Star-Journal. pp. 1, 2 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  29. ^ a b Welsh, Frederick J. (February 14, 1947). "If Promises Were Only Buses, Service Would Be Wonderful: The North Shore Bus Riders's Daily Workout". Long Island Star-Journal. pp. 1, 2 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  30. ^ Welsh, Frederick J. (February 12, 1947). "Plenty of New Buses in Manhattan, Complains Harassed Queens Rider" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. p. 1. Retrieved March 9, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  31. ^ "Major Improvements Ordered in Zone D". Long Island Star-Journal. April 10, 1947. p. 2. Retrieved February 19, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  32. ^ a b "Trips Doubled, Headway Time Is Cut In Half; Q-43 and Q-4 Lines of North Shore Affected; Rush Hours Extended" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. April 2, 1947. p. 1. Retrieved March 13, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  33. ^ "120-Passenger Vehicles Added For Next Week: 10 City Lines Will Have All New Equipment by Wednesday". Fultonhistory.com. Long Island Star-Journal. December 31, 1948. p. 2. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  34. ^ "Trips Doubled, Headway Time Is Cut In Half; Q-43 and Q-4 Lines of North Shore Affected; Rush Hours Extended" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. April 2, 1947. p. 2. Retrieved March 13, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  35. ^ "Slash Service On 2 Bus Lines; Improve on 2". New York Daily News. June 24, 1954. p. Q1. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  36. ^ "New York City Transit - History and Chronology". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  37. ^ Queens Bus Map (Map). New York City Transit Authority. April 15, 1990.
  38. ^ Lorch, Donatella (August 6, 1992). "More Buses and Trains Planned to Lure Riders". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  39. ^ "Bellerose Commonwealth Civic Association Incorporation Volume 19 No. 1 January 1993" (PDF). www.bccaqueens.org. Bellerose Commonwealth Civic Association. January 1993. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  40. ^ "NYC Transit: Bus Service Advisories Queens". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). April 2008. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  41. ^ "Bus Service Enhancements Set to Begin". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). January 2013. Archived from the original on January 10, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  42. ^ Tumola, Cristabelle (January 4, 2013). "MTA to restore, expand five Queens bus routes". Queens Courier. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  43. ^ Penner, Larry (January 11, 2013). "Welcome back my old friend — the old Little Neck Parkway Q79 bus is now the Q36 bus". Queens Courier. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  44. ^ "2010 NYC Transit Service Reductions - Revised". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). March 19, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 25, 2011.

External links

  • Media related to Q1 (New York City bus) at Wikimedia Commons
  • Media related to Q36 (New York City bus) at Wikimedia Commons
  • Media related to Q43 (New York City bus) at Wikimedia Commons