|Qatar Emiri Air Force|
|Part of||Qatar Armed Forces|
|Garrison/HQ||Al-Udeid Air Base|
|Maj. Gen. Salem bin Hamad al Nabet|
|Fighter||Mirage 2000, Rafale, F-15E Eagle, Eurofighter Typhoon|
|Helicopter||Aérospatiale Gazelle, Westland Sea King, AW139, Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil|
|Attack helicopter||Boeing AH-64 Apache|
|Trainer||Mirage 2000, PAC Super Mushshak, Pilatus PC-21|
|Transport||C-130J Super Hercules, Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, Dassault Falcon 900|
The Qatar Emiri Air Force (Arabic: القوات الجوية الأميرية القطرية romanized: Al-Quwwat Al-Jawiyyah Al-Amiriyyah Al-Qatariyyah ) (QeAF) is the air arm of the armed forces of the state of Qatar. It was established in 1974 as a small aerial support wing, although, in modern times has evolved into a well equipped and potent force. The QeAF is headquartered at Al-Udeid Air Base in Doha; the current commander is Maj. Gen. Salem Bin Hamad Al Nabet.
In March 1967, in response to the British announcement that it would withdraw its armed forces from the Persian Gulf, Qatar set up armed forces, creating the Qatar Public Security Forces Air Wing, equipped with two Westland Whirlwind helicopters. In 1971, it acquired a combat capability when it purchased three ex-RAF Hawker Hunter jet fighters, which remained in use until 1981. It was renamed the Qatar Emiri Air Force in 1974.
The air force began a major expansion in 1979, when it ordered six Alpha Jet trainer/light attack aircraft. This was followed by orders for 14 Mirage F1 supersonic jet fighters in 1980, which were delivered between 1980 and 1984. Twelve Gazelle helicopters, armed with HOT anti-tank missiles were received from 1983. Also in 1983, the air force took over the Qatar Police Air Wing.
In 1991, the Qatari Air Force contributed aircraft to conduct strikes against Iraqi forces during the Gulf War. After the conflict the government sought to fortify their air defense with the construction of a new base southwest of Doha at Al Udaid. The facility has hardened aircraft shelters, air defence radars, and Roland missile batteries. 
In 2005, the Air Force participated in Exercise Eagle Resolve, along with Qatari medical services and emergency medical teams to build interoperability with their US counterparts. The US 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit took part in this exercise to validate the nation's crisis management plan prior to hosting the 2006 Asian Games.
Other acquisitions have been for an order of 59 AW139 helicopters. The helicopters are used for utility tasks, troop transport, search and rescue, border patrol, special forces operations, and law enforcement. Three additional aircraft were ordered in March 2011 for Medevac services.
By 2010, the Qatar Emiri Air Force's personnel strength was at 2,100 and its equipment included the Mirage 2000-3EDA, the SA 342L Gazelle, and the C-17A Globemaster III. Aircraft either flew out of al-Udeid field or Doha International Airport and received training from British instructors. In January 2011, the Air Force evaluated the Eurofighter Typhoon, the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, the McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle and the Dassault Rafale to replace its current fighter inventory of Dassault Mirage 2000-5s. In May 2015, the QAF awarded the contract for 24 Dassault Rafale fighters worth €6.3 billion ($7 billion). 
In July 2012, the Qatar Air Force ordered a complete pilot training system from Pilatus centering upon the PC-21. The package included ground-based training devices, logistical support and maintenance in addition to 24 PC-21 aircraft.
In June 2015, the QAF ordered four additional C-17s, to supplement the existing four delivered in 2009 and 2012.
In September 2016, the sale of up to 72 F-15QAs to Qatar was submitted to the US Congress for approval. The deal (for 36 planes plus an option for 36 more), valued at US$21.1 billion, was signed in November 2016.
In August 2018, Qatar announced the construction of a new air base to be named after Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. In addition to the new air base, Al Udeid Air Base and Doha International Air Base are to be expanded in order to accommodate aircraft on order.
|Alpha Jet||France / Germany||light attack||6|
|Dassault Rafale||France||multirole||23||11 on order|
|F-15E Strike Eagle||United States||strike fighter||F-15QA||36 on order|
|Eurofighter Typhoon||Multinational||multirole||24 on order|
|Airbus A330 MRTT||France||aerial refueling / transport||KC-30A||2 on order|
|Boeing C-17||United States||heavy transport||8||one aircraft operated with the Qatar Amiri Flight|
|C-130J Super Hercules||United States||utility transport||C-130J-30||4|
|AH-64 Apache||United States||attack||AH-64E||20||4 on order|
|Westland Sea King||United Kingdom||ASW / utility||Mk.3||11|
|NHIndustries NH90||European Union||utility / transport||28 on order|
|Aérospatiale Gazelle||France||armed scout||342||13|
|BAE Hawk||United Kingdom||conversion trainer||Hawk 100||9 on order|
|Mirage 2000||France||conversion trainer||5DDA||3|
|Pilatus PC-21||Switzerland||primary trainer||24|
|Pilatus PC-24||Switzerland||multi-engine trainer||2|
|PAC Super Mushshak||Pakistan||primary trainer||8|
|AgustaWestland AW169||Italy||rotorcraft trainer||3 on order|
Previous notable aircraft operated by the Air Force consisted of the Hawker Hunter, Dassault Mirage F1, Piper PA-34 Seneca, Boeing 707, Boeing 727, Westland Whirlwind, Britten-Norman Islander, and the Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma helicopter.
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