Qian Ying (communist politician)

Summary

Qian Ying[a] (simplified Chinese: 钱瑛; traditional Chinese: 錢瑛, 14 May 1903 — 26 July 1973) was a Chinese politician who served as Minister of Supervision of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1959.

Qian Ying

LifeEdit

Qian Ying was born in Qianjiang County, Hubei.[1] From 1923, she lived in Wuhan, where she studied at the Hubei Women's Normal School. She became a member of the Chinese Communist Party in 1927.[1] From September 1954 to April 1959, she was Minister of Supervision of the People's Republic of China.[2] In 1972, during the Cultural Revolution, she was refused medical treatment and died in 1973 from lung cancer. She was rehabilitated in 1978.[3]

She has been described as a "female Judge Bao" (女包公).[4][5]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In this Chinese name, the family name is Qian.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lee 2016, p. 426.
  2. ^ Bartke 2012, p. 372.
  3. ^ Lee 2016, pp. 428–429.
  4. ^ Veg 2019, p. 111.
  5. ^ Xianan 2018.

SourcesEdit

  • Bartke, Wolfgang (2012-06-18). Who was Who in the People's Republic of China: With more than 3100 Portraits. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-096823-1.
  • Lee, Lily Xiao Hong (2016-07-08). "Qian Ying". Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women: v. 2: Twentieth Century. By Lee, Lily Xiao Hong. Routledge. pp. 426–429. ISBN 978-1-315-49924-6.
  • Veg, Sebastian (2019-04-23). Minjian: The Rise of China's Grassroots Intellectuals. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-54940-0.
  • Xian'an Government (2018-10-08). "钱瑛:女革命家、国家监察部第一任部长-咸安区人民政府". www.xianan.gov.cn (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved 2021-12-12.