RAF Andover

Summary

RAF Andover (IATA: ADV, ICAO: EGWA) is a former Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force station in England, 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Andover, Hampshire. As well as RFC and RAF units, units of the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, Royal Canadian Air Force, United States Army Air Forces, and the Air Transport Auxiliary were also stationed at the airfield.

RAF Andover
USAAF Station 406
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Patch9thusaaf.png
Andover, Hampshire in England
RAF Andover - 16 January 1947 Airphoto.jpg
Aerial photograph of RAF Andover oriented north, 16 January 1947
RAF Andover is located in Hampshire
RAF Andover
RAF Andover
Shown within Hampshire
Coordinates51°12′31″N 001°31′31″W / 51.20861°N 1.52528°W / 51.20861; -1.52528Coordinates: 51°12′31″N 001°31′31″W / 51.20861°N 1.52528°W / 51.20861; -1.52528
TypeRoyal Air Force station
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
OperatorRoyal Air Force
United States Army Air Forces 1944
Controlled byRAF Fighter Command 1939-40
RAF Army Cooperation Command 1940-44[1]
Site history
Built1917 (1917)
In useAugust 1917-1977 (1977)
Battles/warsFirst World War
European theatre of World War II
Cold War
Airfield information
IdentifiersIATA: ADV, ICAO: EGWA
Elevation79 metres (259 ft)[2] AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
01/30  Asphalt

The airfield has a notable place in history as the site of the first attempt to develop a viable long-range electronic navigation system, during the First World War, and also of the first British military helicopter unit and first European helicopter flying training school, during the Second World War.

RAF Andover was also used before and after the Second World War for a variety of other aeronautical research and flight testing. The RAF Staff College, Andover was founded here in 1922, the first college to train officers in the administrative, staff and policy aspects of running an air force.

RAF Andover saw action during the Second World War. Corporal Josephine Robins, one of only six members of the WAAF to win the Military Medal during the War, won her award for courage while rescuing people during an air-raid on the airfield in the Battle of Britain. Three squadrons of the Royal Canadian Air Force were formed at RAF Andover. Before and during the Battle of Normandy, it was used by the United States Army Air Forces Ninth Air Force as an operational tactical fighter airfield.

The RAF station closed in 1977 and the site was later redeveloped. In 2009 part of it became Marlborough Lines, home to the Headquarters of the British Army.

Airfield historyEdit

 
RAF Andover badge

Before 1912Edit

The earliest known human activity on the site of Andover Airfield took place in the Bronze Age, according to archaeological evidence, which has uncovered significant Iron Age and later activity, including Anglo-Saxon and medieval cemeteries. Military activity began with the construction during or shortly after 43 AD of the Portway (called here Monxton Road), a Roman road from Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum) to Old Sarum (Sorbiodunum), which just north of the airfield meets at East Anton crossroads the Icknield Way, the Roman road from Winchester (Venta Belgarum) to Mildenhall (Cunetio).[3] The Andover sections of these roads were constructed by the Legio II Augusta.

 
A Handley Page O/400 lands at RAF Andover, 1918

Very close to the site which became the airfield, in 1910 the British Army airship Beta made a forced landing at Little Park in Anna Valley.[4]

1912 to 1918Edit

The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) opened a station near Andover in August 1917 during the First World War. The station was mainly built by German prisoners of war, some of whom left their signatures in roof spaces of buildings on the station.

Plans for an RFC "Training Depot Station" on the site had first been made in 1912. The station motto was Vis et armis consilioque orta (Latin: With determination and equipment, I take counsel to rise up), reflecting the station's role in training aircrews, who had completed basic flying training, to learn to fly the Handley Page Type O and Airco DH.9 bombers. The first unit to occupy the station was No. 2 School of Navigation and Bomb Dropping, which took up residence while the station was still under construction.

Amongst squadrons formed at Andover was 106 Squadron, on 30 September 1917, who were equipped with Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 reconnaissance aircraft for army co-operation duties, being posted to Ireland in May 1918.

American squadrons were also based at the airfield, as from 24 December 1917 to 6 June 1918 Andover was host to a detachments of the 13th Aero Squadron and 104th Aero Squadron[5] of the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps.

In early 1918, experiments were conducted with Handley Page Type O bombers, based at Andover and Cranwell, fitted with Radio Direction-Finding (RDF as it was called) equipment for night flying. The intention was to guide British bombers to and from Berlin,[6] and early results led to 550 sets of RDF equipment being ordered by the United States Army Air Service,[7] but the war ended before any operational use was made of the system. This was the first attempt to develop a long-range electronic navigation system, of a kind that is today used routinely worldwide.

When the RAF Station closed in 1977 a number of artefacts from the airfield's early history and later were donated to 1213 (Andover) Squadron Air Training Corps. These included a large carved wooden copy of the RFC cap badge which was later donated to the Army Flying Museum and is now on display in its café.

1918 to 1939Edit

Between the wars, the airfield housed a number of RAF units, including from 1919 the RAF School of Navigation, as No. 2 School of Navigation and Bomb Dropping was retitled. The RAF Staff College was founded here on 1 April 1922, to provide staff training to selected officers, and eventually moved to Bracknell in 1970.

 
The first RAF Staff College course at Andover in 1922 with Jane the dog

A still preserved[8] reminder of the RAF Staff College on the former airfield is a headstone from 1926 on the North Site marking the grave of Jane. She was a dog belonging to the first Commandant Robert Brooke-Popham.[9]

The formation of the Royal Air Forces Association followed a conversation in 1929 in the Sergeants' Mess of RAF Andover.[10]

RAF Andover continued to be used for a variety of aeronautical research and flight testing. As part of this, several experimental military aircraft made their first flights from the airfield. Amongst them were the Westland Yeovil; the Westland Witch; the Westland F.7/30; and all of the Westland-Hill Pterodactyl series of experimental flying wing aircraft.

 
Fairey Foxes of 12 Squadron

Two experimental bomber squadrons were based at RAF Andover in the late 1920s and early 1930s, No. 12 Squadron RAF and No. 101 Squadron RAF. No. 13 Squadron was also based here for five years between 1924 and 1929, operating Armstrong Whitworth Atlas aircraft.

No. 12 squadron operated Fairey Fawn light bombers from March 1924, and later the Fairey Fox bomber, which was significantly faster than its contemporaries. To this day, 12 Squadron's unit motto 'Leads the Field' and crest commemorates their time at RAF Andover by depicting the head of a fox. The Fairey Fox was the first all-metal aircraft in operational service, and 12 Squadron was the only squadron to operate it. The aircraft was a private venture by Fairey, which had been demonstrated to the Squadron secretly during an 'At Home' at RAF Andover in 1925, when the Fox appeared in Royal Air Force markings and 12 Squadron colours. During the Air Defence of Great Britain exercise in 1928, the Squadron was tasked with the simulated bombing of London. To commemorate 12 Squadron's success in the exercise, the Commander in Chief of the Royal Air Force chose a fox's face as the Squadron emblem.

A typical annual training programme for 12 Squadron consisted of individual training in the autumn, working up to Squadron training in the summer consisting of bombing, formation flying, navigation exercises and gunnery. Experimental trials carried out included some limited night flying and the introduction into service and testing of parachutes for aircrew. This involved a number of practice jumps being performed by observers, who would climb out of the aircraft onto a small ladder and await a signal from the pilot as the aircraft flew over the airfield at 2000 ft. 12 Squadron was also tasked with further trials work, experimenting with oxygen systems, high altitude photography, and low temperature trials work, particularly in respect to lubricants. In addition, cloud flying in formation and pattern bombing techniques were tested.

The Foxes were replaced in January 1931 with the Hawker Hart, after which much work was put into formation flying in cloud, instrument flying, pattern bombing and aircraft icing trials. The purpose of these trials was to enable Royal Air Force aircraft to bomb an enemy ship successfully, regardless of weather. To this end, 12 Squadron dropped several practice bombs on an obsolete battleship, HMS Centurion, which was a radio-controlled target off the south coast. On 6 July 1935, King George V performed the first Royal Review of the Royal Air Force, in which 12(B) Squadron led the Light Bomber Wing flypast at RAF Mildenhall.

Several home-based squadrons, including 12 Squadron, were re-deployed in October 1935 to the Middle East and Aden in preparation for action being taken by the League of Nations against Italy for invading Abyssinia. 12 Squadron returned to Andover in August 1936, and on its return took delivery of the Hawker Hind. In 1936, 12 Squadron, with 44 and 142 Squadrons also stationed at Andover, played host to a visit by Generalfeldmarschall Werner von Blomberg when he was the German Minister of War.[11] It was also around this time that the majority of B Flight were taken to form the nucleus of the newly formed No. 63 Squadron. In February 1938, the Squadron was re-equipped with Fairey Battles, the squadron leaving RAF Andover in May 1939.

In October 1929 No. 101 Squadron, the second experimental bomber squadron, was also posted to RAF Andover, to enable its Boulton-Paul Sidestrand bombers to work alongside 12 Squadron with its Fairey Fox light bombers. The high performance of the Sidestrand impressed crowds at the Hendon Air Pageants, where it flew mock combat aerobatics with the fighters of the day. 101 Squadron Sidestrands won a number of bombing and reconnaissance competitions and carried out trial anti-shipping strikes against Royal Navy battleships. In December 1934 the squadron left Andover.

1939 to 1945Edit

 
Map of airfields including Andover, showing associated Pundit Light positions
 
A captured Bf 110 G-4 night fighter once based at RAF Andover, now in the RAF Museum

During the Second World War, RAF Andover was the headquarters of RAF Maintenance Command. It was also used by several operational flying training units and as an operational fighter station by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF). From 1937,[12] Andover was given the Pundit Code AV. The code AV was broadcast in morse code by a mobile red light beacon at night, during the latter part of the Second World War. The code was also painted on the airfield hangar nearest to the control tower, and remained visible until the hangars were demolished in 2001.[citation needed]

While Andover was an operational USAAF station, Andover was designated as Station 406.[13]

The Air Transport Auxiliary's (ATA) Central Ferry Control was also based at RAF Andover. A civilian organisation that – unusually for the time – had female pilots, the ATA ferried new, repaired and damaged military aircraft between factories, assembly plants, transatlantic delivery points, Maintenance Units, scrapyards, and active service squadrons and airfields. Central Ferry Control allocated the required flights to all ATA Ferry Pools.[14]

 
Corporal Josephine Robins, MM, WAAF, painted in 1941 by Laura Knight

RAF Andover was one of four airfields in Hampshire to be given a decoy site in 1940, to deceive enemy aircraft into attacking a spurious target. Andover's decoy site was at Hurstbourne Tarrant, and was a type 'K' decoy site with fake aircraft and buildings. From September 1940, fake machine gun posts were added there.

RAF Andover was attacked twice by the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain. At 1700 hours on 13 August 1940, approximately 12 high explosive bombs were dropped by Junkers Ju 88s of III Staffel, Lehrgeschwader 1, of Luftflotte 3, from Châteaudun in France. The Station Headquarters and officer's quarters were extensively damaged. One aircraft on the station was also damaged. Casualties were two killed. The following day, on 14 August 1940, Andover was attacked again, about 15 high explosive bombs being dropped which destroyed a transmitting set in the centre of a group of radio masts, and killing a civilian radio operator.

Corporal Josephine Robins, a Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) telephone operator at RAF Andover was awarded the Military Medal for her courage during these raids. The citation for the award, printed in The London Gazette of 20 December 1940, stated that: "Corporal Robins was in a dug-out which received a direct hit during an intense enemy bombing raid. A number of men were killed and two seriously injured. Though dust and fumes filled the shelter, Corporal Robins immediately went to the assistance of the wounded and rendered first aid. While they were being removed from the demolished dug-out, she fetched a stretcher and stayed with the wounded until they were evacuated. She displayed courage and coolness of a very high order in a position of extreme danger".[15] Corporal Robins' Military Medal was one of only six such awards of this medal made to members of the WAAF in the entire Second World War.

It was thought at the time that these air raids were attempts to attack the important 11 Group Fighter Command Sector Station nearby at RAF Middle Wallop, but German records make it clear that RAF Andover was the intended target, as the Luftwaffe thought wrongly that it was an operational bomber station. In 1941 RAF Andover was attacked twice, causing heavy damage to one hangar, which had to be demolished.

In June 1941, No. 2 School of Army Co-operation at Andover was re-designated as No. 6 Operational Training Unit (OTU). It was equipped with Bristol Blenheims and operated within No. 17 Group, Coastal Command. Its task was to re-train Westland Lysander pilots onto Bristol Blenheim Mk. Vs in the ground attack role, to serve primarily in the Middle East and Far East. No 6 OTU was absorbed into No. 42 OTU on 18 July 1941, moving to RAF Ashbourne in October 1942.

 
Lockheed P-38s of the USAAF's 370th Fighter Group at RAF Andover, June 1944

From February through July 1944, Andover was used by fighter squadrons (the 401st, 402nd, and 485th squadrons of the 370th Fighter Group) of the 71st Fighter Wing of the Ninth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces, flying Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft. Flying from RAF Andover, the 370th dive-bombed radar installations and flak towers, and escorted bombers that attacked bridges and marshalling yards in France as the Allies prepared for the invasion of the Continent. The 370th also provided cover for Allied forces that crossed the English Channel on D-Day and flew armed reconnaissance missions over the Cotentin Peninsula until the end of the month. The 370th Fighter Group moved to their Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) at Cardonville, France (ALG A-3) on 20 July. The USAAF lost a total of 31 P-38s from Andover before the move to France.

Three Canadian Army Air Observation Post (AOP) Squadrons of the Royal Canadian Air ForceNo. 664 Squadron RCAF, No. 665 Squadron RCAF, and No. 666 Squadron RCAF – were formed at RAF Andover between 9 December 1944 and 5 March 1945, equipped with Auster Mark IV and V aircraft. The pilots and observers were officers recruited from the Royal Canadian Artillery and O.R.s from the Royal Canadian Artillery and Royal Canadian Air Force. The pilots were trained to fly de Havilland Tiger Moth aircraft at No. 22 Elementary Flying Training School RAF (Cambridge); thereafter, successful candidates were further trained at No. 43 Operational Training Unit, the Air Observation Post School based at RAF Andover which was dedicated to training British and Commonwealth AOP flight-crews.

Lieutenant-Colonel Terry Willett, Royal Artillery, commanded No. 43 OTU at RAF Andover as the first officer to command the AOP training organisation.[16] Among the Canadian students trained by No. 43 Operational Training Unit at RAF Andover for No. 666 Squadron RCAF was Captain James Doohan, who later achieved fame as an actor playing Star Trek’s Chief Engineer Lieutenant Commander Scott. While under training he flew an Auster Mark IV between two telegraph poles on Salisbury Plain, to prove it could be done.[17]

British Army AOP training at RAF Andover, with Auster Mark V aircraft, continued until at least 1949. One of the three squadrons was re-established after the war as 665 Squadron, Army Air Corps, based in Northern Ireland.

RAF Andover has a unique place in British history: the first British military unit to be equipped with helicopters, the Helicopter Training Flight, was formed in January 1945 as part of 43 OTU[18] under the command of Squadron Leader B. H. Arkell. This was also the first European helicopter flying-training school, although the first European military unit formed solely with helicopters was the Luftwaffe's Transportstaffel 40 in 1944. The Helicopter Training Flight was equipped with nine Sikorsky R-4B Hoverfly I helicopters, and trained 100 British Army pilots for AOP duties,[19] as well as pilots for the first RAF squadron to be equipped with helicopters, 529 Squadron, which carried our radar calibration duties.

1945 to 1977Edit

 
Aerial photo oriented to the south of RAF Andover, 25 September 1945

Post-war, RAF Andover continued to be used for helicopter flying training and operational research, C Flight of 657 Squadron, Army Air Corps, being renamed 1901 (Air Observation Post) Flight in February 1947.[20] The Flight used six Sikorsky R-6A Hoverfly 2 (an improved version of the Hoverfly I) helicopters, and Auster AOP.6 aircraft to train British Army and Royal Air Force pilots and carry out operational trials. The Hoverfly 2s had little effective operational capability, but gave the Army valuable experience in the helicopter's potential use. In addition to artillery direction, the Flight's experimental activities included photography, radar trials, air/ground communications, and fighter evasion. In January 1948, the Flight moved to Middle Wallop.

On 14 September 1955, RAF Andover was honoured with the freedom of the Borough of Andover. No. 12 Squadron RAF took part in the ceremony with a flypast of its English Electric Canberra B Mk. 6 bombers, to mark the Squadron's pre-war association with RAF Andover.

Andover continued its association with pioneering the use of helicopters in Britain when the Joint Experimental Helicopter Unit,[21] a joint Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm, Army Air Corps and Royal Air Force unit exploring operational helicopter roles, was based at the station from 1958 to 1959. The unit used Westland Whirlwind helicopters and was disbanded at the end of 1959 to form No. 225 Squadron RAF.[22]

The station's association with aviation research continued, as trials of the Hawker P.1127, the Hawker Siddeley Kestrel FGA 1 (both experimental vertical take-off aircraft), and the Hawker Siddeley Harrier partially took place on the station. The Harrier was the developed form of the P.1127 and Kestrel, and was the world's first operational vertical/short take-off and landing aircraft.

Trials of the Hawker Siddeley Andover (the second RAF aircraft of that name) were also partially carried out at RAF Andover. In commemoration of this, Hawker Siddeley presented the Borough of Andover with a framed photo of the aircraft, and the type was also named after the town. The Andover's main role in RAF service was tactical transport, for which its unique ability to "kneel" – to allow vehicle entry at a shallow angle via a rear ramp – was an asset. Other roles included aero-medical evacuation, STOL, and parachute and 1 ton container drops. The Andover could also be fitted with long-range ferry tanks, which enabled the short-range Andover to fly long distances, such as across the Atlantic Ocean. Andovers were still in RAF service for the photo reconnaissance role under the Open Skies Treaty and for use by the Empire Test Pilots' School until 2012.

RAF Andover was throughout the post-1945 period the home of a number of communications squadrons, the last one of which was No. 21 Squadron RAF, which used de Havilland Devon and Percival Pembroke aircraft. The squadron had been re-formed on 3 February 1969, when the Western Communication Squadron RAF was re-designated at RAF Andover. It provided transport for senior officers in the western part of the United Kingdom and was disbanded following defence cuts on 31 March 1976.

Just before the RAF station closed in 1977, 1213 (Andover) Squadron Air Training Corps moved into the building[23] which had been used as Station Headquarters.[24]

Post-RAF useEdit

The RAF station was closed on 10 June 1977 and the airfield was handed over to the British Army. It was used by Army Air Corps units based at Middle Wallop, as well as Defence Equipment & Support (formed by the merger of the Defence Procurement Agency(DPA) and the Defence Logistics Organisation (DLO)). The last RAF personnel working in these units left in November 2009. The former airfield site retains an RAF link through the presence of 1213 (Andover) Squadron,[25] Air Training Corps. A former cadet of the Squadron, Lieutenant-Commander Gordon Batt, DSC, of 800 Naval Air Squadron Fleet Air Arm, was killed in action during the Falklands War in 1982.[26]

SquadronsEdit

[27]

UnitsEdit

The following units were also here at some point:[27]

The RAF Staff CollegeEdit

The RAF Staff College was founded at RAF Andover on 1 April 1922, to provide staff training to selected officers, usually of Flight Lieutenant or Squadron Leader rank to enable them to undertake staff officer duties at the Air Ministry, and Command or Group HQs. It was closed on the day that Britain declared war, 3 September 1939. But in November 1939, shortened courses were restarted until the College was placed under Care and Maintenance on 28 May 1940. The Staff College re-opened at Bulstrode Park in December 1941, the College returning to Andover in 1948. It was raised to Group status within Training Command on 1 June 1968 and eventually moved to Bracknell in 1970.

LegacyEdit

Andover Road on the site of the former RAF Changi in Singapore is named after RAF Andover.[48]

The RAF Museum preserves a number of aircraft which were based at RAF Andover during their service lives: a Sikorsky R-4B Hoverfly I; an Avro Anson C. 19; a De Havilland Dove C. 1; a Percival Pembroke C. 2; and, unusually, two Luftwaffe aircraft captured in 1944, a Junkers Ju 87 G-2 dive bomber and a Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-4 night fighter. The National Museum of Flight in Scotland preserves RAF Andover's former gate guardian, a Supermarine Spitfire LF Mk. XVIE.

RedevelopmentEdit

When the A303 trunk road was straightened to bypass Weyhill to the south, its new route crossed the northern perimeter of the former airfield.[49] In 2013 a solar farm was completed on the remainder of the site, south of the A303.[50]

In 2007, the site of Andover Airfield became the focus of local controversy when developers submitted a planning proposal to build a large distribution centre for the Tesco supermarket company.[51] According to the proposal, the main building would have been more than 85,000 sq metres (21 acres), which would make it one of the biggest buildings in Europe.[52] Approval was granted in 2008 but the developer failed to reach agreement with Tesco;[53] a regional distribution centre for the Co-op Group was built instead,[54] and the rest of the site became a business park.[55]

To mark the closure of the airfield for the redevelopment a sculpture by Chris Brammall, entitled Flight and Navigation, was unveiled on 6 October 2014. It features aircraft that flew from the airfield, and was unveiled with the last RAF flag to fly from the airfield when it was an RAF station. The flag had been kept by local Councillor Ian Carr, who was a navigator with No. 21 Squadron RAF flying de Havilland Devons from the airfield.[56]

Marlborough LinesEdit

From November 2009, a site on the former airfield was named Marlborough Lines and subsequently became home to the Army Headquarters.[57]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Falconer 2012, p. 34.
  2. ^ Falconer 1998, p. 8.
  3. ^ "ANDOVER BUSINESS PARK Archaeological desk–based assessment, June 2007, Museum of London Archaeology Service" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2021. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Airship Beta". Sense of Place. Archived from the original on 12 May 2022. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  5. ^ "Operational History of the 13th Bomb Squadron – World War I". 13th Bomb Squadron. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  6. ^ "A History of Air Navigation in the Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force Historical Society Journal 17, 21 October 1996, p. 8" (PDF). RAF Museum. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  7. ^ "The Development of Military Night Aviation to 1919, William Edward Fischer Jr, Air University Press, December 1998, p. 129" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  8. ^ "Sanctuary, the Ministry of Defence (MOD) conservation magazine, issue 34, 2005, p. 93" (PDF). Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Gravestone at former RAF Andover, Andover Advertiser, 11 June 2010". Archived from the original on 3 November 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  10. ^ "How it all began – a brief history of the RAF Association". Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  11. ^ "No.12 (Bomber) Squadron". Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Airfield Pundit Codes". RAF Lincolnshire. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  13. ^ "Army Air Forces Stations, Captain Barry Anderson, USAF, 31 January 1985" (PDF). Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
  14. ^ "ATA OPERATIONS". AIR TRANSPORT AUXILIARY Museum and Archive. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  15. ^ "Art: Corporal J M Robins, MM, WAAF". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  16. ^ "Lieutenant-Colonel Terry Willett". Daily Telegraph. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Last Flight and Epitaphs". Canadian Army Aviation. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  18. ^ "OTUs 41-43". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Individual History - SIKORSKY R -4B HOVERFLY MK.1 KL110 (With parts of KK995)" (PDF). RAF Museum. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  20. ^ "1901 (Air Observation Post) Flight". Helicopter History Site. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  21. ^ "Joint Experimental Helicopter Unit". Helicopter History Site. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  22. ^ "225 Squadron". Helicopter History Site. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  23. ^ "SU3245 : Andover - 1213 ATC Headquarters, Tuesday 6 May 2008". Geograph. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  24. ^ RAF Andover, Souvenir Programme, Battle of Britain "At Home", Saturday 17 September 1949. RAF Andover. 1949. p. Airfield plan.
  25. ^ "Squadron Finder, Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wing Air Cadets". Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  26. ^ "BATT G. W. J. Lieutenant Commander, DSC – South Atlantic Medal Association (82)". 22 August 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  27. ^ a b "Andover (Weyhill)". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  28. ^ a b Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 170.
  29. ^ a b Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 77.
  30. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 171.
  31. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 187.
  32. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 43.
  33. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 138.
  34. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 240.
  35. ^ a b Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 316.
  36. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 230.
  37. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 132.
  38. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 146.
  39. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 58.
  40. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 87.
  41. ^ a b c Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 202.
  42. ^ a b c Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 309.
  43. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 223.
  44. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 266.
  45. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 60.
  46. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 194.
  47. ^ Sturtivant, Hamlin & Halley 1997, p. 285.
  48. ^ Yew Peng, Ng (2017). What's In The Name? How The Streets And Villages In Singapore Got Their Names, p. 71. Singapore: World Scientifics. ISBN 978-9813221390.
  49. ^ "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 SU34: Hampshire (showing earlier route of A303)". National Library of Scotland. 1958. Retrieved 1 January 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  50. ^ "Andover Airfield Solar Developments Ltd". Downing LLP. Retrieved 1 January 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  51. ^ Planning Application[permanent dead link]
  52. ^ Finch, Julia (22 February 2008). "Arriving soon at Stonehenge: 480 trucks a day from Tesco's 'megashed'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  53. ^ "Controversial megashed approved". BBC News – Hampshire. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  54. ^ Dancy, Steve (11 September 2009). "Co-op signs up for airfield site". Andover Advertiser. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  55. ^ "Andover Business Park". www.andoverbp.com. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  56. ^ "Andover Flight and Navigation". Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  57. ^ Shirley Swain (6 September 2010), Wiltshire Blog, BFBS, archived from the original on 18 April 2011, the former DLO site in Andover is officially declared the home of the British Army. Renamed Marlborough Lines, the new HQ for Land Forces will be opened

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  • Sturtivant, R; Hamlin, J; Halley, J (1997). Royal Air Force flying training and support units. UK: Air-Britain (Historians). ISBN 0-85130-252-1.
  • Test Valley Borough Council, Andover Development Areas – Historic Environment and Archaeology: Option 9 – Andover Airfield, 2004
  • Warner, Guy & Boyd, Alex, Army Aviation in Ulster, (Colourpoint, 2004)
  • Wood, Derek and Dempster, Derek, The Narrow Margin: The Battle of Britain and the rise of air power 1930–1940, (Arrow Books, 1969)

External linksEdit

  • The RAF Staff College, Andover
  • RAF Andover crest and list of RAF units from 1917 to 1977
  • Hampshire Airfields webpage on RAF Andover history, with original photos and RAF and USAAF units based at the station
  • Hampshire Airfields webpage with original photos of USAAF 402 Fighter Squadron based at the station
  • American Air Museum in Britain webpage with information on U.S. Army Air Forces units, people and aircraft based at RAF Andover
  • USAF Historical Research Agency Fact Sheet on 13 Bomb Squadron
  • Official UK National Monument Record webpage on Andover Airfield
  • Paintings, photographs, documents, etc. about RAF Andover held by UK Imperial War Museum
  • RAF Andover Control Tower details
  • Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust webpage on Andover Airfield, with recent photos of site as well as videos of RAF units and activity in the 1920s and 1930s on RAF Andover
  • Photographs of former Airfield buildings in 2008 within UK National Grid square SU3245
  • Photographs of former Airfield buildings in 2008 within UK National Grid square SU3345
  • Andover Sound local radio station report with pictures of the RAF Farewell to Andover event