RAF Bisterne

Summary

Royal Air Force Bisterne or more simply RAF Bisterne is a former Royal Air Force Advanced Landing Ground in Hampshire, England. The airfield is located in the hamlet of Bisterne approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Ringwood; about 85 miles (137 km) southwest of London.

RAF Bisterne
USAAF Station AAF-415

Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svgPatch9thusaaf.png
Rafbisterne-22may44.jpg
Aerial Photo of Bisterne Airfield, 22 May 1944. More than 50 P-47 Thunderbolts of the 371st Fighter Group are dispersed along the perimeter loop.
Summary
Airport typeMilitary
OwnerAir Ministry
OperatorRoyal Air Force
United States Army Air Forces
LocationBisterne, Hampshire
Built1944 (1944)
In use1944 (1944)
Elevation AMSL49 ft / 15 m
Coordinates50°49′06″N 001°46′50″W / 50.81833°N 1.78056°W / 50.81833; -1.78056Coordinates: 50°49′06″N 001°46′50″W / 50.81833°N 1.78056°W / 50.81833; -1.78056
Map
RAF Bisterne is located in Hampshire
RAF Bisterne
RAF Bisterne
Location in Hampshire
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
02/20 0 0 Hard earth
09/27 0 0 Hard earth
Republic P-47D-28-RE Thunderbolt Serial 44-200284 of the 404th Fighter Squadron (photo taken at Furth/Industriehafen, Germany
Republic P-47D-28-RE Thunderbolt Serial 44-200097 of the 406th Fighter Squadron (photo taken at Furth/Industriehafen, Germany

Opened in March 1944, Bisterne was a prototype for the type of temporary Advanced Landing Ground type airfield that would be built in France after D-Day, when the need advanced landing fields would become urgent as the Allied forces moved east across France and Germany. It was used by the United States Army Air Force as a fighter airfield. It was closed late in the summer of 1944.

Today the airfield is a mixture of agricultural fields with no recognizable remains.

HistoryEdit

Bisterne was used by the No. 2774 Squadron RAF Regiment.[1]

Bisterne was known as USAAF Station AAF-415 for security reasons by the USAAF during the war, and by which it was referred to instead of location. Its USAAF Station Code was "BS".

On 7 March 1944 the 371st Fighter Group arrived . Equipped with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, the 347th FG arrived from Richmond AAF Virginia. Tactical squadrons of the group and squadron fuselage codes were:

  • 404th Fighter Squadron (9Q)
  • 405th Fighter Squadron (8N)
  • 406th Fighter Squadron (4W)

The 371st was a group of Ninth Air Force's 70th Fighter Wing, IX Tactical Air Command. The 371st moved from Bisterne between 17 and 29 June 1944 to its Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) at Beuzeville France (ALG A-6).

Current useEdit

In 2004 a small memorial was dedicated on the outskirts of a Ringwood farm yard barn at the end of a dusty gravel track as a lasting memorial to the men and machines who flew from the wartime Bisterne airfield.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "Bisterne". Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust. Retrieved 12 May 2020.

Further readingEdit

  • Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now 1994. After the Battle ISBN 0-900913-80-0
  • Freeman, Roger A. (1996) The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle ISBN 1-85409-272-3
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.

External linksEdit

  • Photographs of RAF Bisterne from the Geograph British Isles project
  • Full listing of units at RAF Bisterne
  • Wartime US pilot returns for flying visit to Blisterne Airfield