RBS 70

Summary

RBS 70 (Robotsystem 70) is a man-portable air-defense system (MANPADS) designed for anti-aircraft warfare in all climate zones and with little to no support from other forces. Originally designed and manufactured by the Swedish defence firm of Bofors Defence (now Saab Bofors Dynamics, since 2000). It uses the RB 70 missile which is also in use in a number of other Swedish missile systems.[1]

RBS 70
RBS 70.png
Latvian RBS 70
TypeShort-range Air Defense (SHORAD)
Man-portable air-defence system (MANPADS)
Place of originSweden
Service history
In service1977–present
WarsIran–Iraq War, 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts
Production history
ManufacturerBofors Defence (1980s–2000)
Saab Bofors Dynamics (since 2000)
Specifications
Mass87 kg (Stand + Sight + Missile)
Length1.32 m
Diameter106 mm
Warhead1.1 kg Combined with 3,000 tungsten spheres and shaped charge
Detonation
mechanism
Adaptive proximity fuze function with 3 selectable modes (Off, Normal, Small target)

EngineBooster and sustainer with smokeless solid propellant
Wingspan32 cm
Operational
range
250 m – 9 km
Flight altitude5,000 m
Maximum speed Mach 1.6 (Mark 0/1)
Mach 2 (5 km in 12 seconds) (Mark 2/BOLIDE)
Guidance
system
Laser beam riding missile
Launch
platform
tripod, weapon platform (ASRAD-R) and warship

HistoryEdit

 
First-generation RBS 70 missile.

The RBS 70 was developed to supply the Swedish air defense with a low-cost, easy-to-use and effective short-range SAM system. Before RBS 70 the mainstay of Swedish air defense was American MIM-23 Hawk systems (RBS 77 and RBS 97 "Swedish HAWK"), American Redeye (RBS 69) and the Swedish Bofors m/48 AAA.

DesignEdit

 
RBS 70 and operators in Australian service, 2021

The RBS 70 is a Short-range Air Defense (SHORAD) laser guided missile system.

Mk 1 and Mk 2 followed shortly and are the standard RBS 70 with a range of 5,000–6,000 m and a ceiling of 3,000 m. Currently, RBS 70 is operational in 18 customer countries, on all continents and in arctic, desert, and tropical environments.[citation needed]

In 2003 the "BOLIDE" upgrade system was introduced to the RBS 70.[2] The BOLIDE missile is an RBS 70 Mk 2 upgrade that is faster (Mach 2 vs Mach 1.6), with a range up to 8 km (5.0 mi) and can reach an altitude of 6 km. Deliveries were initiated in 2005.

Latest upgradeEdit

In 2011, Saab Bofors Dynamics (successor company of Bofors Defence) announced the introduction of the new RBS 70 New Generation (RBS 70 NG). The upgraded version included an improved sighting system capable of night vision and improved training and after-action review features.[3]

Operational useEdit

In 1990, the Royal Australian Navy embarked two RBS 70 units and Australian Army operators on board the fleet replenishment ship HMAS Success when it deployed to the Persian Gulf in the lead-up to the first Gulf War in Kuwait.

In 1992, a Venezuelan Army RBS 70 SAM is attributed with having shot down a rebel OV-10 Bronco during the 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt on November 27.[4]

Iran used the RBS 70 system during the Iran–Iraq War against Iraqi aircraft.[5]

The Australian government has announced the Short Range Ground Based Air Defence in 2017. The plan is to find a replacement for the RBS-70. As of 2019 the NASAMS is the chosen option. Defence Department has signed a contract with Raytheon Australia. Planned replacement of the RBS-70 is financial year 2022-23.[6]

OperatorsEdit

Current operatorsEdit

Former operatorsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lithuania upgrading RBS 70 MANPADS with night vision sights and improved missiles | August 2018 Global Defense Security army news industry | Defense Security global news industry army 2018 | Archive News year". Archived from the original on 2018-08-27.
  2. ^ "RBS 70 NG VSHORAD: BACKGROUND: INNOVATION IT'S IN OUR BLOOD". Saab Bofors Dynamics. 2010. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  3. ^ "RBS 70 NG VSHORAD: NEW GENERATION". Saab Bofors Dynamics. 2010. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  4. ^ "Chronological Listing of Venezuelan Losses & Ejections". Project Get Out and Walk. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-08-13. Retrieved 2018-02-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Short Range Ground Based Air Defence". Retrieved 2022-04-18.
  7. ^ "The World Defence Almanac", World Defence Almanac : The Balance of Military Power: 38, 1996–97, ISSN 0722-3226.
  8. ^ "Army of Brazil to purchase SAAB RBS 70 VSHORAD Very Short Range Air Defense System". Army recognition. March 4, 2014. Archived from the original on March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Register of the transfers of major conventional weapons from Sweden 1995–2005". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Archived from the original on 2006-08-23.
  10. ^ Saab sells air defence to Finland worth 600 million SEK (press release), Saab, 2007-01-18, archived from the original on 2018-03-19, retrieved 2018-03-19.
  11. ^ "Saab Bofors RBS 70". www.militaryfactory.com. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  12. ^ "Giddy over air-defense system". The Baltic Times. Baltic News Service. November 17, 2004. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
  13. ^ Small Arms Survey (2004). "Big Issue, Big Problem?: MANPADS". Small Arms Survey 2004: Development Denied. Oxford University Press. p. 81. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-30. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  14. ^ SIPRI Arms Transfers Database. "Transfers and licensed production of major conventional weapons". Retrieved 2021-06-08.
  15. ^ Hussain, Maryam (June 2, 2006). "Deal signed with Bofors for missile repair". The Daily Times (Pakistan). Archived from the original on September 26, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  16. ^ "Lithuanian Airspace to be Safeguarded by Air Defence Armaments Donated by Norway".

External linksEdit

  • Official SAAB company page of RBS 70
  • Bofors RBS 70 at the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) website
  • RBS 70 at GlobalSecurity.org
  • RBS 70 NG VSHORAD Very Short Range Air Defense Missile System at armyrecognition.com