Railway speed record

Summary

An L0 Series trainset, holding the non-conventional train world speed record of 603 km/h (375 mph)
TGV 4402 (operation V150) reaching 574.8 km/h (357 mph)

The world record for a conventional wheeled passenger train is held by France's TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse), set in 2007 when it reached 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) on a 140 km section of track.[1]

Japan's experimental maglev train L0 Series achieved 603 km/h (375 mph) on a 42.8 km magnetic levitation track in 2015.[2]

World speed records

Legend :

  • Arr (Arrangement) : Disposition and number of elements forming the train.
Loc (One locomotive pulling one or more cars)
Multi (Multi Motorized Elements)
Single (Single rail vehicle).

All passenger trains

The following is a partial list of absolute world speed records for all trains designed to carry passengers, regardless of gauge, propulsion or type of rail,

Speed Date Line Country Train Arr Power State Comments
515.3 km/h (320 mph) 1990-05-18 LGV Atlantique France SNCF TGV Atlantique Set No. 325 Multi AC Tuned Extensive modifications.
380 km/h (236 mph) 1981-02-26 LGV Sud-Est France SNCF TGV Sud-Est Set No. 16 Multi AC Tuned Line voltage increased from 25 kV to 29 kV, wheels of a larger diameter, and gear ratios between motors and wheels increased.
603 km/h (375 mph) 2015-04-21 Yamanashi Test Track Japan L0 Series Multi AC (Maglev) Proto. Seven-car train set, manned[2]
590 km/h (367 mph) 2015-04-16 Yamanashi Test Track Japan L0 Series Multi AC (Maglev) Proto. Seven-car train set, manned[3]
581 km/h (361 mph) 2003-12-02 Yamanashi Test Track Japan MLX01 Multi AC (Maglev) Proto. Three-car train set. Guinness Book of Records authenticated.[4]
574.8 km/h (357 mph) 2007-04-03 LGV Est France SNCF TGV POS Set No. 4402 Multi AC Tuned Set formed of 2 power cars + 3 trailers.[5] Current world record on steel rails.
501 km/h (311 mph) 2003-11-12 Shanghai Maglev Train China Transrapid SMT Multi AC (Maglev) Unmod. Recorded in 2003 at a test run before the commercial operation in 2004[6]
487.3 km/h (303 mph) 2010-12-03 Beijing–Shanghai HSR China CRH380BL Multi Single phase Unmod. 16-car trainset[7]
486.1 km/h (302 mph) 2010-12-03 Beijing–Shanghai HSR China CRH380AL Multi Single phase Unmod. 16-car trainset, near Sùzhōu[8]
421.4 km/h (262 mph) 2013-03-28 Gyeongbu high-speed railway South Korea Hyundai Rotem HEMU-430X Multi AC Proto six-car train set. maximum speed test.
411.5 km/h (256 mph) 1974-08-14 High Speed Ground Test Center United States LIMRV[9] Loc Gas turbine Proto
403.7 km/h

(250 mph)

2006-07-16 Madrid-Barcelona HSL Spain Renfe Class 103 Multi AC Unmod. Currently holds the record of the fastest unmodified AC trainset (non Maglev) in the world.
393.8 km/h (245 mph) 2016-02-26 AV Milano-Torino Italy ETR 1000 Multi AC Unmod.
362 km/h (225 mph) 2009-02-04 Monte Bibele tunnel (Bologna-Firenze HSL) Italy ETR 500-Y Multi AC Tuned World record in tunnel.[10]
352.4 km/h (219 mph) 2004-12-16 Gyeongbu high-speed railway South Korea Hyundai Rotem HSR-350x Multi AC Proto
334.7 km/h (208 mph) 2003-07-30 High Speed 1 United Kingdom Eurostar 3313/4, British Rail Class 373 Multi AC Unmod The speed of 334.7 km/h was recorded at Nashenden Valley, just outside Rochester.[11]
331 km/h (206 mph) 1955-03-29 "Les Landes", between Bordeaux and Dax France Jeumont-Schneider BB 9004 Loc DC Tuned Pulling 3 cars. Train was specially modified for the test. The track was badly damaged by the test.[12][13]
275 km/h (171 mph) 1967-12-20 Northeast Corridor between Trenton and New Brunswick, New Jersey United States UAC TurboTrain GTEL -- Unmod. --
271 km/h (168 mph) 1993-10-05 Saint PetersburgMoscow Russia TEP80 Multi Diesel-elec Proto. Claimed,[14] but no verification from an independent witness[15]
245 km/h (152 mph) 1980 Rosslyn to De Wildt South Africa South Africa South African Class 6E Loc DC Proto. High speed pantographs was tested for British rail on locomotive number E1525. The idea was abandoned thereafter.
238 km/h (148 mph) 1987-11-01 East Coast Main Line UK Class 43 (HST) Multi Diesel-elec Modified Current official diesel speed record listed in 2006 Guinness Book of Records[16]
230.4 km/h (143 mph) 1973-06-12 East Coast Main Line UK HST prototype Multi Diesel-elec Proto. [17]
205 km/h (127 mph) 1936-02-17 Germany DRG SVT 137 233-234 "Bauart Leipzig" Multi Diesel-elec Unmod. First diesel train faster than 200 km/h (124 mph)[18][19] }
203 km/h (126 mph) 1938-20-07 Bologna-Milano line between Pontenure and Piacenza Italy FS Class ETR 200 Loc DC Unmod.
202.58 km/h (126 mph) 1938-03-07 East Coast Main Line between Peterborough and Grantham United Kingdom LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard Loc Steam Unmod. Authenticated speed. World Steam Speed Record Holder to this day. Analysis of the original dynamometer rolls in 2018 however points to several issues with the original authentication and a sustained maximum speed of 199.36 km/h (124 mph).[20]
166.6 km/h (104 mph) 1934-07-20 United States Milwaukee Road class F6 #6402 Loc Steam Unmod A point between Oakwood, Illinois and Lake, Wisconsin. Also averaged 75.5 mph (122 km/h) on 85 miles (137 km) from Chicago, Illinois to Milwaukee, and 89.92 mph (145 km/h) for a 68.9 miles (110.9 km) stretch[21]
161 km/h (100 mph) 1934-11-30 East Coast Main Line United Kingdom LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman Loc Steam Unmod. In 1934, Flying Scotsman achieved the first authenticated 100 mph (161 km/h) by a steam locomotive.[22]
46 km/h (29 mph) 1829 Rainhill Trials United Kingdom Stephenson's Rocket Loc Steam Unmod. [23]

Conventional wheeled

The following is a list of verified absolute world speed records for conventional wheeled rail vehicles.

Speed Date Line Country Train Arr. Power State Comments
574.8 km/h (357 mph) 2007-04-03 LGV Est France SNCF TGV POS Set No. 4402 Multi AC Tuned Set formed of 2 power cars + 3 trailers.[5] Current world record on steel rails.
487.3 km/h (303 mph) 2010-12-03 Beijing–Shanghai HSR China CRH380BL Multi Single phase Unmod. 16-car trainset[24]
486.1 km/h (302 mph) 2010-12-03 Beijing–Shanghai HSR China CRH380AL Multi Single phase Unmod. 16-car trainset, near Sùzhōu[25]
421.4 km/h (262 mph) 2013-03-28 Gyeongbu high-speed railway South Korea Hyundai Rotem HEMU-430X Multi AC Proto six-car train set. maximum speed test.
352.4 km/h (219 mph) 2004-12-16 Gyeongbu high-speed railway South Korea Hyundai Rotem HSR-350x Multi AC Proto
334.7 km/h (208 mph) 2003-07-30 High Speed 1 United Kingdom Eurostar 3313/4, British Rail Class 373 Multi AC Unmod The speed of 334.7 km/h was recorded at Nashenden Valley, just outside Rochester.[11]
331 km/h (206 mph) 1955-03-29 "Les Landes", between Bordeaux and Dax France Jeumont-Schneider BB 9004 Loc DC Tuned Pulling 3 cars. Train was specially modified for the test. The track was badly damaged by the test.[12][13]
271 km/h (168 mph) 1993-10-05 Saint PetersburgMoscow Russia TEP80 Multi Diesel-elec Proto. Claimed,[14] but no verification from an independent witness[15]
238 km/h (148 mph) 1987-11-01 East Coast Main Line UK Class 43 (HST) Multi Diesel-elec Modified Current official diesel speed record listed in 2006 Guinness Book of Records[16]
230.4 km/h (143 mph) 1973-06-12 East Coast Main Line UK HST prototype Multi Diesel-elec Proto. [17]
205 km/h (127 mph) 1936-02-17 Germany DRG SVT 137 233-234 "Bauart Leipzig" Multi Diesel-elec Unmod. World speed record. First diesel train faster than 200 km/h (124 mph)[18][19]
202.6 km/h (126 mph) 1938-07-03 UK LNER Class A4 No. 4468 Mallard Loc Steam unknown [26][27] Downhill grade. Data indicates peak speed 202.6 km/h (126 mph), mean speed (half-mile) 201.2 km/h (125 mph). Mallard suffered an overheated crankpin during the run, but was repaired and returned to traffic within 9 days.[28] This is the standing record for a steam locomotive. Analysis of the original dynamometer rolls in 2018 however points to several issues with the original authentication and a sustained maximum speed of 199.36 km/h (124 mph).[29]
166.6 km/h (104 mph) 1934-07-20 US Milwaukee Road class F6 #6402 Loc Steam Unmod A point between Oakwood, Illinois and Lake, Wisconsin. Also averaged 75.5 mph (122 km/h) on 85 miles (137 km) from Chicago, Illinois to Milwaukee, and 89.92 mph (145 km/h) for a 68.9 miles (110.9 km) stretch[21]
161 km/h (100 mph) 1934-11-30 East Coast Main Line UK LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman Loc Steam Unmod. In 1934, Flying Scotsman achieved the first authenticated 100 mph (161 km/h) by a steam locomotive.[22]
46 km/h (29 mph) 1829 Rainhill Trials UK Stephenson's Rocket Loc Steam Unmod. [23]

Electric

The following is a list of speed records for rail vehicles with electric traction motors and powered by electricity transferred to the train.

Speed records of electric locomotive and electric multiple unit trains
Speed Date Line Country Train Arr. Power State Comments
574.8 km/h (357 mph) 2007-04-03 LGV Est France SNCF TGV POS Set No. 4402 Multi Single phase Tuned Set formed of 2 power cars + 3 trailers.[5] Current world record.
487.3 km/h (303 mph) 2010-12-03 Beijing–Shanghai HSR China CRH380BL Multi Single phase Unmod. 16-car trainset[30]
486.1 km/h (302 mph) 2010-12-03 Beijing–Shanghai HSR China CRH380AL Multi Single phase Unmod. 16-car trainset, near Sùzhōu[25]
443.0 km/h (275 mph) 1996-07-26 Tōkaidō Shinkansen Japan Class 955 Shinkansen Multi Single phase Proto
425.0 km/h (264 mph) 1993-12-21 Jōetsu Shinkansen Japan Class 952/953 Shinkansen Multi Single phase Proto
421.4 km/h (262 mph) 2013-03-28 Gyeongbu high-speed railway South Korea Hyundai Rotem HEMU-430X Multi Single phase Proto six-car train set. maximum speed test.
416.6 km/h (259 mph) 2010-09-28 Shanghai–Hangzhou HSR China CRH380A Multi Single phase Unmod. [31]
403.7 km/h (251 mph) 2006-07-15 Guadalajara-Calatayud, Spain Siemens Velaro E (AVE S-103) Multi Single phase Unmod. 15–16 July [32][33]
362 km/h (225 mph) 2009-02-03 Bologna–Florence high-speed railway Italy ETR 500 Y1 Multi Single phase Tuned Indoor Italian speed record, in the Monte Bibele tunnel on the high speed line between Florence and Bologna.[34][35]
357 km/h (222 mph) 2006-09-02 Nuremberg-Munich high-speed rail line Germany Siemens EuroSprinter ES64U4 No. 1216 050-5 Loc Single phase Unmod. On Nuremberg-Munich high-speed rail line, locomotive owned by ÖBB, pulling one car.[12][36]
334.7 km/h (208 mph) 2003-07-30 High Speed 1 United Kingdom Eurostar 3313/4, British Rail Class 373 Multi AC Unmod The speed of 334.7 km/h was recorded at Nashenden Valley, just outside Rochester.[11]
331 km/h (206 mph) 1955-03-29 "Les Landes", between Bordeaux and Dax France Jeumont-Schneider BB 9004 Loc DC Tuned Pulling 3 cars. Train was specially modified for the test. The track was badly damaged by the test.[12][13]
319 km/h (198 mph) 1979-12-07 Oyama test track Japan Class 961 Shinkansen Multi Single phase Proto. test track, now part of Tōhoku Shinkansen[37]
286 km/h (178 mph) 1972-02-24 Sanyō Shinkansen Japan Class 951 Shinkansen Multi Single phase Proto. [37]
256 km/h (159 mph) 1963-03-30 Odawara test track Japan Class 1000 Shinkansen Multi Single phase Proto. Test track now part of Tōkaidō Shinkansen[37]
210.2 km/h (131 mph) 1903-10-28 Royal Prussian Military Railway between Marienfelde and Zossen Germany AEG Experimental three-phase railcar Multi Triphase Proto. Many sources say 27 October.[38][39][40]
203 km/h (126 mph) 1939-20-07 Florence–Bologna "direttissima" and Bologna-Milan lines Italy ETR 200 Multi DC Unmod. Record average speed between Bologna and Milan[41]
203 km/h (126 mph) 1903-10-06 Royal Prussian Military Railway between Marienfelde and Zossen Germany Siemens & Halske Experimental three-phase railcar Multi Triphase Proto. Some sources say 7 October, others say 200.99 km/h (125 mph) or an improbable 231 km/h (144 mph).[38][42][43]
162.5 km/h (101 mph) 1901 Royal Prussian Military Railway between Marienfelde and Zossen Germany Siemens & Halske Experimental three-phase railcar Multi Triphase Proto. Some sources say 160 km/h (99 mph) or 162 km/h (101 mph).[44]

Fuel-electric

The following is a list of speed records for rail vehicles with on-board fuel to generate electricity for traction motors such as diesel-electric locomotive, diesel electric multiple unit and gas turbine-electric locomotive trains.

Speed record of fuel-electric rail vehicles
Speed Date Line Country Train Arr. Power State Comments
271 km/h (168 mph) 1993-10-05 Saint PetersburgMoscow Russia TEP80 Multi Diesel-elec Proto. Claimed,[14] but no verification from an independent witness[15]
238 km/h (148 mph) 1987-11-01 East Coast Main Line UK Class 43 (HST) Multi Diesel-elec Modified Current official diesel speed record listed in 2006 Guinness Book of Records[16]
230.4 km/h (143 mph) 1973-06-12 East Coast Main Line UK HST prototype Multi Diesel-elec Proto. [17]
205 km/h (127 mph) 1936-02-17 Germany DRG SVT 137 233-234 "Bauart Leipzig" Multi Diesel-elec Unmod. World speed record. First diesel train faster than 200 km/h (124 mph)[18][19]

Fuel-mechanic

The following is a list of speed records for rail vehicles with on-board fuel to mechanical energy to drive vehicle's wheels such as diesel-hydraulic trains and gas turbine locomotive trains that use mechanical transmission to power the drive wheels.

Speed record of fuel-mechanic rail vehicles
Speed Date Line Country Train Arr. Power State Comments
275 km/h (171 mph) 1967-12-20 Northeast Corridor US UAC TurboTrain Multi Gas unknown [45]

Steam

The following is a list of speed records for steam locomotives.

Note: All records with a faster speed than 202.6 km/h (126 mph) (the record set by Mallard) are claimed and have not been officially verified.

Speed record of steam rail vehicles
Speed Date Line Country Train Arr. Power State Comments
202.6 km/h (126 mph) 1938-07-03 East Coast Main Line UK LNER Class A4 No. 4468 Mallard Loc Steam Unmod. [46][27] Downhill grade. Data indicates peak speed 202.6 km/h (126 mph), mean speed (half-mile) 201.2 km/h (125 mph). Mallard suffered an overheated center big end bearing (or crankpin) during the run, but was repaired and returned to traffic within 9 days.[28] Mallard's record is the standing world speed record for a steam locomotive.
200.4 km/h (125 mph) 1936-05-11 Germany Borsig DRG series 05 002 Loc Steam Unmod. Level grade.[47]
181.1 km/h (113 mph) 1935-04-05 US Milwaukee Road class A #2 Loc Steam unknown Claimed to have sustained 112.5 mph (181 km/h) for 14 miles (23 km). Average speed for 136 miles (219 km) between Milwaukee and New Lisbon, Wisconsin was 74.9 mph (121 km/h).[21]
166.6 km/h (104 mph) 1934-07-20 US Milwaukee Road class F6 #6402 Loc Steam Unmod. A point between Oakwood, Illinois and Lake, Wisconsin. Also averaged 75.5 mph (122 km/h) on 85 miles (137 km) from Chicago, Illinois to Milwaukee, and 89.92 mph (145 km/h) for a 68.9 miles (110.9 km) stretch.[21] This trip was a test run for the feasibility of a new planned high speed passenger train service between Chicago and Minneapolis-St. Paul via Milwaukee, which came to fruition the next year as the Hiawatha.
161 km/h (100 mph) 1934-11-30 UK LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman Loc Steam Unmod. In 1934, Flying Scotsman achieved the first authenticated 100 mph (161 km/h) by a steam locomotive.[22]
149 km/h (92.3 mph) 1895-10-24 Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway US Brooks-built ten-wheeler and train Loc Steam Unmod. The engineer was presented with a memorial watch from the Webb C. Ball Company in a ceremony at the Brooks Locomotive Works offices on April 17, 1896.[48]
160.9 km/h (100 mph) 1893-05-10 US Empire State Express No. 999 Loc Steam Unmod. 112 mph (180 km/h) claimed, which would make it the first wheeled vehicle to exceed 100 mph (161 km/h).[49][50]
8 km/h (5 mph)[citation needed] 1804-02-21 Merthyr Tramroad UK Richard Trevithick:
World's first railway steam locomotive
Loc Steam Unmod. On 21 February 1804 it successfully carried 11.24 tons of coal, five wagons and 70 men over the full distance, in 4 hours and 5 minutes, at an average speed of 2.4 mph (3.9 km/h).[51]

Air propulsion

The following is a list of speed records for rail vehicles that use air propulsion to move rail vehicles while the wheels are rolling along the track.

Speed record of air propulsion rail vehicles
Speed Date Line Country Train Arr. Power State Comments
411.5 km/h (256 mph) 1974-08-14 High Speed Ground Test Center US LIMRV[9] Loc Gas turbine Proto
295.72 km/h (184 mph) 1966-07-23 Butler, Indiana to Stryker, Ohio US New York Central Budd RDC-3 M-497 Loc Jet Proto. Jet aero engines (retrofitted to roof)
280 km/h (174 mph) 1928-06-23 Germany Opel RAK III Loc Rocket Proto. Unmanned. Some sources say 254 km/h (158 mph) or 290 km/h (180 mph). See:, .[52][53][54][55][56]
140 km/h (87 mph) 1921-07-24 Moscow-Tula Soviet Union Aerowagon Single Propeller Proto. Propeller-driven railcar with a gasoline (petrol) aero engine.

Using an air cushion and a Monorail, the Aérotrain set on 5 March 1974 a mean speed of 417.6 km/h (259.5 mph) and a peak speed of 430.4 km/h (267.4 mph).

Conventional wheeled — Narrow gauge

Speed Date Line Country Train Arr Power State Comments
245 km/h (152 mph) 1978-10-31 Between Westonaria and Midway South Africa SAR Class 6E1 (No. E1525) Loc Single phase unknown [57][58][59] Scheffel bogie
175 km/h (109 mph) 1960-11-21 JNR Tōkaidō Main Line Japan JNR KuMoYa93 test car Multi DC Proto. 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) [60]
163 km/h (101 mph) 1959-07-31 JNR Tōkaidō Main Line Japan JNR 151 series Multi DC unknown 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) [60]
145 km/h (90 mph) 1957-09-27 JNR Tōkaidō Main Line Japan Odakyū 3000 series SE Romancecar Multi DC unknown 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) [61]
136 km/h (85 mph) 1914 South-West Africa OMEG Rail motor coach No. «Kronprinz» Single Gasoline unknown 600 mm (1 ft 11+58 in) Summer 1914.[61]
129 km/h (80 mph) 1954-12-15 JNR Tokaido Main Line Japan JNR C62 steam locomotive No. C62 17 Loc Steam unknown 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) [62]

Maglev trains

Speed Date Line Country Train Arr Power State Comments
603 km/h (375 mph) 2015-04-21 Yamanashi Test Track Japan L0 Series Multi AC Proto. Seven-car train set, manned[2]
590 km/h (367 mph) 2015-04-16 Yamanashi Test Track Japan L0 Series Multi AC Proto. Seven-car train set, manned[3]
581 km/h (361 mph) 2003-12-02 Yamanashi Test Track Japan MLX01 Multi AC Proto. Three-car train set. Guinness Book of Records authenticated.[4]
552 km/h (343 mph) 1999-04-14 Yamanashi Test Track Japan MLX01 Multi AC Proto. Five-car train set. Guinness Book of Records authenticated.[citation needed]
501 km/h (311 mph) 2003-11-12 Shanghai Maglev Train China Transrapid SMT Multi AC Unmod. Recorded in 2003 at a test run before the commercial operation in 2004[6]
411.5 km/h (256 mph) 1974-08-14 High Speed Ground Test Center US LIMRV[9] Single Cable Proto

Rocket sleds

Speed Date Line Country Train Arrangmt Power State Comments
10,326 km/h (6,416 mph) 2003-04-29 Holloman Air Force Base US Rocket sled Single Rocket Proto. Unmanned. 6,416 mph (10,326 km/h) = Mach 8.4. Final stage of a four-stage sled train. Super Roadrunner rocket motor. 192 lb (87 kg) payload. For more than 2 miles (3 km) the sled was in a helium tube to reduce air friction.[63]
9,845 km/h (6,117 mph) 1982-10 Holloman Air Force Base US Rocket sled Single Rocket Proto. Unmanned. It accelerated a 25 lb (11 kg) payload to a speed of 6,119 mph (9,848 km/h).[64]
1,017 km/h (632 mph) 1954-12-10 Holloman Air Force Base US Rocket sled Single Rocket Proto. Manned by John Stapp. Fastest manned rocket-sled. Fastest manned rail vehicle. Fastest manned open-cockpit vehicle.[65] Zero to 1,017 km/h (632 mph) and back to zero in 1,100 metres (3,500 ft) total.[66]

World fastest point-to-point average speeds in commercial operations

The following are the lists of world record average operating speeds between two stations. The average speeds are measured by the total time and the distance between the two stations.

Styles : [Currently active] - [Old service]

All Trains Commercially Operated

World record average operating speeds of trains in commercial traffic
Average speed Top speed Train Type Location From To Distance Duration Date from Date to Comments
316.7 km/h (197 mph) 350 km/h (217 mph) Fuxing Hao Single phase China Beijing Nanjing 1,018.6 km (633 mi) 193 min 2018 On Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway[67]
283.7 km/h (176 mph) 300 km/h (310 km/h with +10 tolerance) CRH380A Single phase China Shijiazhuang Zhengzhou 383.0 km (238 mi) 81 min 2010 On Wuhan-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway[68]
279.3 km/h (174 mph) 320 km/h (199 mph) TGV Duplex Single phase France Lorraine TGV Champagne-Ardenne

TGV

167.6 km (104 mi) 36 min 2007 2010 On the LGV Est[69]
263.4 km/h (164 mph) 320 km/h (199 mph) E5 series shinkansen Single phase Japan Ōmiya Sendai 294.1 km (183 mi) 67 min 2011 2017 With the Hayabusa service on the Tohoku Shinkansen line[70]
263.3 km/h (164 mph) 320 km/h (199 mph) TGV Duplex Single phase France Lyon–Saint-Exupéry Airport Aix-en-Provence 289.6 km (180 mi) 66 min 2005 2007 On the LGV Méditerranée[71]
261.8 km/h (163 mph) 300 km/h (186 mph) Nozomi Shinkansen Single phase Japan Hiroshima Kokura 192.0 km (119 mi) 44 min 1997 2005 Operated by 500 Series Shinkansen[71]
249.5 km/h (155 mph) 431 km/h (268 mph) Shanghai Maglev Train AC (Maglev) China Longyang Road Pudong International Airport 29 km (18 mi) 7 minutes 20 seconds 2003 Average and maximum speeds during peak operation 09:00–10:45 and 15:00–15:45[72]
210.8 km/h (131 mph) 300 km/h (186 mph) ETR500, Frecciarossa 1000, ETR575 "Italo" Single phase Italy Milano Centrale Bologna Centrale 214.7 km (133 mi) 61 min 2008 On Milan-Bologna high speed railway
254.3 km/h (158 mph) 300 km/h (186 mph) TGV Single phase France Gare de Lille Europe Charles de Gaulle Airport 203.4 km (126 mi) 48 min 1995 1997 On LGV Interconnexion Est and LGV Nord[73]
130.4 km/h (81 mph) 161 km/h (100 mph) Morning Hiawatha Steam United States Sparta, Wisconsin Portage, Wisconsin 126.0 km (78 mi) 58 min 1939 ? 78.3 miles (126.0 km) in 58 minutes,[21] Milwaukee Road class F7.
114.8 km/h (71 mph) 148.7 km/h (92 mph) Cheltenham Spa Express Steam United Kingdom Swindon London 124.3 km (77 mi) 65 min 1932 1933 77.25 miles (124.32 km) in 65 minutes. Claimed by the Great Western Railway at the time to be the world's fastest train. Now operated by GWR in 49 minutes with Class 800 Hitachi Intercity Express Train.[74]

See also

References

  1. ^ "French train breaks speed record". CBC News. 3 April 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Japan's maglev train breaks world speed record with 600km/h test run". The Guardian. United Kingdom: Guardian News and Media Limited. 21 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b リニア「L0系」、世界最高の590キロ記録 [L0 series maglev sets world speed record of 590 km/h]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbunl. 16 April 2015. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b リニアが世界最速590キロ 長距離走行記録も更新 [Maglev sets new world record of 590 km/h - Also sets new distance record]. Sankei News (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 16 April 2015. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "French set new rail speed record". Europe. BBC News. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Transrapid stellt neuen Weltrekord auf". Handelsblatt. 12 November 2003. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  7. ^ 柴永強 (2011-01-13). ""唐山造"動車最高速487.3公里 刷新世界紀錄_中國網". Big5.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  8. ^ "和谐号CRH380A打破此前的世界铁路最高运营速度纪录_财经频道_新华网". News.xinhuanet.com. 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  9. ^ a b c Johnson, R. D. (1988). "Thoughts at 160 mph". Proceedings of the American Railway Engineering Association. 89: 330–331. Retrieved 2010-09-11.
  10. ^ "Due record in prova per il Frecciarossa" (in Italian). Repubblica. 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
  11. ^ a b c "208mph Eurostar sets UK record". 31 July 2003.
  12. ^ a b c d "Taurus puts 1955 French speed record holders in the shade". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  13. ^ a b c [1].
  14. ^ a b c Берзин, Артур (2013-11-13). "Обогнавшие судьбу". Гудок. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  15. ^ a b c Рекордные испытания ТЭП80-0002 05.10.1993.TEP80 world speed record 271 km/h. YouTube. 19 March 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  16. ^ a b c "Class 43 High-Speed Train, also known as the InterCity 125, is unveiled at National Railway Museum in York". Railway Museum. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "Testing the prototype HST in 1973". traintesting.com. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  18. ^ a b c Der SVT „Leipzig“ 137 234 / 183 251-8" abgerufen am 21. August 2017]
  19. ^ a b c Ralf Roman Rossberg: Deutsche Eisenbahnfahrzeuge von 1838 bis Heute, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988, ISBN 978-3-642-95771-0 Seite 128
  20. ^ Andrews, David (2018). "Just How Fast Did Mallard Go?". BackTrack. Vol. 32 no. 8. pp. 472–476.
  21. ^ a b c d e Scribbins, Jim (2007) [1970]. The Hiawatha Story. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-5003-9. OCLC 191732983.
  22. ^ a b c "Flying Scotsman". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  23. ^ a b "Stephenson's 'Rocket' locomotive, 1829". The Science Museum. Archived from the original on 2007-09-18.
  24. ^ 柴永強 (2011-01-13). ""唐山造"動車最高速487.3公里 刷新世界紀錄_中國網". Big5.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  25. ^ a b "和谐号CRH380A打破此前的世界铁路最高运营速度纪录_财经频道_新华网". News.xinhuanet.com. 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  26. ^ "Mallard". Archived from the original on 9 February 1999. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  27. ^ a b "World Rail Speed Records". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  28. ^ a b "The Gresley A4 Pacifics". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  29. ^ Andrews, David (2018). "Just How Fast Did Mallard Go?". Backtrack. 32 (8): 472–476.
  30. ^ 柴永強 (2011-01-13). ""唐山造"動車最高速487.3公里 刷新世界紀錄_中國網". Big5.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  31. ^ "沪杭高铁最高时速再次刷新纪录达416.6公里_新闻中心_新浪网". News.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  32. ^ "First passengers travel on world record train Velaro". Archived from the original on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2007-07-02.,
  33. ^ "Las pruebas técnicas lograron nuevo récord en España El tren de alta velocidad Velaro E de Siemens superó los 400 km./h". Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2007-04-17..
  34. ^ "Raggiunto in galleria il record mondiale di velocità di 362 km/h - Notizie - FSNews". Fsnews.it. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  35. ^ "362km/h Nuovo Record di Velocità Italiano ETR Y1 500 di RFI Alta Velocità FI-BO 3/2/09 (HD)". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  36. ^ "New world record! Siemens locomotive travels 357 kilometers per hour". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-04-15..
  37. ^ a b c プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. OCLC 170056962.
  38. ^ a b de:Studiengesellschaft für Elektrische Schnellbahnen
  39. ^ [2] Archived July 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ "Transporte Brasileiro - Mobility". Siemens. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  41. ^ "Gli ETR 200 FS". Interrail.publinet.it. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  42. ^ "Kein Folientitel" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  43. ^ Hans Dόcker. "Die Geschichte der Elektrolokomotive". E94114.de. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  44. ^ "Birmingham Centre for Railway Research and Education - University of Birmingham" (PDF). Railway.bham.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  45. ^ Barry, Keith. "From Simple Steam to Burly Turbines: 150 Years of Great American Trains". WIRED. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  46. ^ "Mallard". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  47. ^ "05 002 v Mallard. Notes on the data of the record runs: (1) 05 002". Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  48. ^ "The Railway Record". Buffalo Courier. Buffalo, NY. April 18, 1896. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com. Average speed 72.92 miles an hour. Maximum speed 92.3 miles an hour. open access
  49. ^ Speed
  50. ^ "GREAT SPEED Off THE CENTRAL.; Empire State Express Engine Travels at the Rate of 112 1-2 Miles an Hour" (PDF). New York Times. 1893-05-12. Retrieved 2007-12-13.
  51. ^ Rattenbury, Gordon; Lewis, M. J. T. (2004). Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads and their Locomotives. Oxford: Railway & Canal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901461-52-0.
  52. ^ "Lux's type collection - High Speed Trains - record runs". Boris-lux.de. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  53. ^ [3] Archived August 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  54. ^ [4] Archived January 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ "Opel". Astronautix.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-03. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  56. ^ "Opel-RAK". Daviddarling.info. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  57. ^ "Speed Record Club". Speed Record Club. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  58. ^ [5] Archived June 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  59. ^ "Pantograph testing in South Africa". Traintesting.com. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  60. ^ a b YouTube. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  61. ^ a b Shaw 1958 p.47
  62. ^ Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō magazine, November 2008 issue, p.61
  63. ^ U.S. AIR FORCE
  64. ^ Impact LAB
  65. ^ "International Space Hall of Fame :: New Mexico Museum of Space History :: Inductee Profile". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  66. ^ Aviation Week 3 January 1954 p15
  67. ^ "g17 train schedule | Train times, fares & tickets | Ctrip". english.ctrip.com. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  68. ^ DVV Media Group GmbH. "World Speed Survey 2013: China sprints out in front". rwg. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  69. ^ Railway Gazette International World Speed Survey 2007
  70. ^ "Timetable for Tohoku Shinkansen". www.eki-net.com. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  71. ^ a b "World Speed Survey 2005: France regains rail's blue riband". Railway Gazette. DVV Media. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  72. ^ Train Info. Archived 2015-02-17 at the Wayback Machine, Shanghai Airport Transportation maglev reference
  73. ^ UK, DVV Media. "World Speed Survey 1997". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2018-02-15.
  74. ^ "GWR timetable transformation means faster journeys, more seats and extra services". Swindon Advertiser. Retrieved 2020-05-19.

External links

  • TGV 2007 record
  • TGV 2007 record - SNCF Press release, SNCF Press release 2
  • Alstom V 150, Alstom Press release
  • Reuters TGV record, Reuters TGV record video
  • Fastest steam locomotive
  • RDECOM magazine 'Super Roadrunner' breaks land speed record
  • 846 TS HYPERSONIC UPGRADE PROGRAM (contains World Speed Record video)
  • World Speed Survey 1997
  • (in French) Retrouvez sur cette page les chiffres clés des records sur rail dans le monde
  • Railway developments worldwide
  • World Speed Survey 2007 Railway Gazette International September 2007
  • Photos of the fastest trains